commits leading up to this one have moved the vast majority of
libc-internal interface declarations to appropriate internal headers,
allowing them to be type-checked and setting the stage to limit their
visibility. the ones that have not yet been moved are mostly
namespace-protected aliases for standard/public interfaces, which
exist to facilitate implementing plain C functions in terms of POSIX
functionality, or C or POSIX functionality in terms of extensions that
are not standardized. some don't quite fit this description, but are
"internally public" interfacs between subsystems of libc.
rather than create a number of newly-named headers to declare these
functions, and having to add explicit include directives for them to
every source file where they're needed, I have introduced a method of
wrapping the corresponding public headers.
parallel to the public headers in $(srcdir)/include, we now have
wrappers in $(srcdir)/src/include that come earlier in the include
path order. they include the public header they're wrapping, then add
declarations for namespace-protected versions of the same interfaces
and any "internally public" interfaces for the subsystem they
along these lines, the wrapper for features.h is now responsible for
the definition of the hidden, weak, and weak_alias macros. this means
source files will no longer need to include any special headers to
access these features.
over time, it is my expectation that the scope of what is "internally
public" will expand, reducing the number of source files which need to
include *_impl.h and related headers down to those which are actually
implementing the corresponding subsystems, not just using them.
despite looking like undefined behavior, the affected code is correct
both before and after this patch. the pairs mtx_t and pthread_mutex_t,
and cnd_t and pthread_cond_t, are not mutually compatible within a
single translation unit (because they are distinct untagged aggregate
instances), but they are compatible with an object of either type from
another translation unit (6.2.7 ¶1), and therefore a given translation
unit can choose which one it wants to use.
in the interest of being able to move declarations out of source files
to headers that facilitate checking, use the pthread type names in
declaring the namespace-safe versions of the pthread functions and
cast the argument pointer types when calling them.