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now that all 32-bit archs have 64-bit time_t (and suseconds_t), the
arch-provided _Int64 macro (long or long long, as appropriate) can be
used to define them, and arch-specific definitions are no longer
this commit preserves ABI fully for existing interface boundaries
between libc and libc consumers (applications or libraries), by
retaining existing symbol names for the legacy 32-bit interfaces and
redirecting sources compiled against the new headers to alternate
symbol names. this does not necessarily, however, preserve the
pairwise ABI of libc consumers with one another; where they use
time_t-derived types in their interfaces with one another, it may be
necessary to synchronize updates with each other.
the intent is that ABI resulting from this commit already be stable
and permanent, but it will not be officially so until a release is
made. changes to some header-defined types that do not play any role
in the ABI between libc and its consumers may still be subject to
mechanically, the changes made by this commit for each 32-bit arch are
- _REDIR_TIME64 is defined to activate the symbol redirections in
- COMPAT_SRC_DIRS is defined in arch.mak to activate build of ABI
compat shims to serve as definitions for the original symbol names
- time_t and suseconds_t definitions are changed to long long (64-bit)
- IPC_STAT definition is changed to add the IPC_TIME64 bit (0x100),
triggering conversion of semid_ds, shmid_ds, and msqid_ds split
low/high time bits into new time_t members
- structs semid_ds, shmid_ds, msqid_ds, and stat are modified to add
new 64-bit time_t/timespec members at the end, maintaining existing
layout of other members.
- socket options (SO_*) and ioctl (sockios) command macros are
redefined to use the kernel's "_NEW" values.
in addition, on archs where vdso clock_gettime is used, the
VDSO_CGT_SYM macro definition in syscall_arch.h is changed to use a
new time64 vdso function if available, and a new VDSO_CGT32_SYM macro
is added for use as fallback on kernels lacking time64.
policy has long been that these definitions are purely a function of
whether long/pointer is 32- or 64-bit, and that they are not allowed
to vary per-arch. move the definition to the shared alltypes.h.in
fragment, using integer constant expressions in terms of sizeof to
vary the array dimensions appropriately. I'm not sure whether this is
more or less ugly than using preprocessor conditionals and two sets of
definitions here, but either way is a lot less ugly than repeating the
same thing for every arch.
LLONG_MAX is uniform for all archs we support and plenty of header and
code level logic assumes it is, so it does not make sense for limits.h
bits mechanism to pretend it's variable.
LONG_BIT can be defined in terms of LONG_MAX; there's no reason to put
it in bits.
by moving LONG_MAX definition to __LONG_MAX in alltypes.h and moving
LLONG_MAX out of bits, there are now no plain-C limits that are
defined in the bits header, so the bits header only needs to be
included in the POSIX or extended profiles. this allows the feature
test macro logic to be removed from the bits header, facilitating a
long-term goal of getting such logic out of bits.
having __LONG_MAX in alltypes.h will allow further generalization of
archs without a constant PAGESIZE no longer need bits/limits.h at all.
this change is motivated by the intersection of several factors.
presently, despite being a nonstandard header, endian.h is exposing
the unprefixed byte order macros and functions only if _BSD_SOURCE or
_GNU_SOURCE is defined. this is to accommodate use of endian.h from
other headers, including bits headers, which need to define structure
layout in terms of endianness. with time64 switch-over, even more
headers will need to do this.
at the same time, the resolution of Austin Group issue 162 makes
endian.h a standard header for POSIX-future, requiring that it expose
the unprefixed macros and the functions even in standards-conforming
profiles. changes to meet this new requirement would break existing
internal usage of endian.h by causing it to violate namespace where
instead, have the arch's alltypes.h define __BYTE_ORDER, either as a
fixed constant or depending on the right arch-specific predefined
macros for determining endianness. explicit literals 1234 and 4321 are
used instead of __LITTLE_ENDIAN and __BIG_ENDIAN so that there's no
danger of getting the wrong result if a macro is undefined and
implicitly evaluates to 0 at the preprocessor level.
the powerpc (32-bit) bits/endian.h being removed had logic for varying
endianness, but our powerpc arch has never supported that and has
always been big-endian-only. this logic is not carried over to the new
__BYTE_ORDER definition in alltypes.h.
now that commit f7f1079796abc6f97c69521d2334e9c7d3945dd8 removed the
legacy i386 conditional definition, va_list is in no way
arch-specific, and has no reason to be in the future. move it to the
shared part of alltypes.h.in
the memory model we use internally for atomics permits plain loads of
values which may be subject to concurrent modification without
requiring that a special load function be used. since a compiler is
free to make transformations that alter the number of loads or the way
in which loads are performed, the compiler is theoretically free to
break this usage. the most obvious concern is with atomic cas
constructs: something of the form tmp=*p;a_cas(p,tmp,f(tmp)); could be
transformed to a_cas(p,*p,f(*p)); where the latter is intended to show
multiple loads of *p whose resulting values might fail to be equal;
this would break the atomicity of the whole operation. but even more
fundamental breakage is possible.
with the changes being made now, objects that may be modified by
atomics are modeled as volatile, and the atomic operations performed
on them by other threads are modeled as asynchronous stores by
hardware which happens to be acting on the request of another thread.
such modeling of course does not itself address memory synchronization
between cores/cpus, but that aspect was already handled. this all
seems less than ideal, but it's the best we can do without mandating a
C11 compiler and using the C11 model for atomics.
in the case of pthread_once_t, the ABI type of the underlying object
is not volatile-qualified. so we are assuming that accessing the
object through a volatile-qualified lvalue via casts yields volatile
access semantics. the language of the C standard is somewhat unclear
on this matter, but this is an assumption the linux kernel also makes,
and seems to be the correct interpretation of the standard.
based on patch by Jens Gustedt.
mtx_t and cnd_t are defined in such a way that they are formally
"compatible types" with pthread_mutex_t and pthread_cond_t,
respectively, when accessed from a different translation unit. this
makes it possible to implement the C11 functions using the pthread
functions (which will dereference them with the pthread types) without
having to use the same types, which would necessitate either namespace
violations (exposing pthread type names in threads.h) or incompatible
changes to the C++ name mangling ABI for the pthread types.
for the rest of the types, things are much simpler; using identical
types is possible without any namespace considerations.
unfortunately this needs to be able to vary by arch, because of a huge
mess GCC made: the GCC definition, which became the ABI, depends on
quirks in GCC's definition of __alignof__, which does not match the
formal alignment of the type.
GCC's __alignof__ unexpectedly exposes the an implementation detail,
its "preferred alignment" for the type, rather than the formal/ABI
alignment of the type, which it only actually uses in structures. on
most archs the two values are the same, but on some (at least i386)
the preferred alignment is greater than the ABI alignment.
I considered using _Alignas(8) unconditionally, but on at least one
arch (or1k), the alignment of max_align_t with GCC's definition is
only 4 (even the "preferred alignment" for these types is only 4).
when manipulating the robust list, the order of stores matters,
because the code may be asynchronously interrupted by a fatal signal
and the kernel will then access the robust list in what is essentially
an async-signal context.
previously, aliasing considerations made it seem unlikely that a
compiler could reorder the stores, but proving that they could not be
reordered incorrectly would have been extremely difficult. instead
I've opted to make all the pointers used as part of the robust list,
including those in the robust list head and in the individual mutexes,
in addition, the format of the robust list has been changed to point
back to the head at the end, rather than ending with a null pointer.
this is to match the documented kernel robust list ABI. the null
pointer, which was previously used, only worked because faults during
access terminate the robust list processing.
rather than moving nlink_t back to the arch-specific file, I've added
a macro _Reg defined to the canonical type for register-size values on
the arch. this is not the same as _Addr for (not-yet-supported)
32-on-64 pseudo-archs like x32 and mips n32, so a new macro was
aside from the obvious C++ ABI purpose for this change, it also brings
musl into alignment with the compiler's idea of the definition of
wint_t (use in -Wformat), and makes the situation less awkward on ARM,
where wchar_t is unsigned.
internal code using wint_t and WEOF was checked against this change,
and while a few cases of storing WEOF into wchar_t were found, they
all seem to operate properly with the natural conversion from unsigned
the arch-specific bits/alltypes.h.sh has been replaced with a generic
alltypes.h.in and minimal arch-specific bits/alltypes.h.in.
this commit is intended to have no functional changes except:
- exposing additional symbols that POSIX allows but does not require
- changing the C++ name mangling for some types
- fixing the signedness of blksize_t on powerpc (POSIX requires signed)
- fixing the limit macros for sig_atomic_t on x86_64
- making dev_t an unsigned type (ABI matching goal, and more logical)
in addition, some types that were wrongly defined with long on 32-bit
archs were changed to int, and vice versa; this change is
non-functional except for the possibility of making pointer types
mismatch, and only affects programs that were using them incorrectly,
and only at build-time, not runtime.
the following changes were made in the interest of moving
non-arch-specific types out of the alltypes system and into the
headers they're associated with, and also will tend to improve
- netdb.h now includes netinet/in.h (for socklen_t and uint32_t)
- netinet/in.h now includes sys/socket.h and inttypes.h
- sys/resource.h now includes sys/time.h (for struct timeval)
- sys/wait.h now includes signal.h (for siginfo_t)
- langinfo.h now includes nl_types.h (for nl_item)
for the types in stdint.h:
- types which are of no interest to other headers were moved out of
the alltypes system.
- fast types for 8- and 64-bit are hard-coded (at least for now); only
the 16- and 32-bit ones have reason to vary by arch.
and the following types have been changed for C++ ABI purposes;
- mbstate_t now has a struct tag, __mbstate_t
- FILE's struct tag has been changed to _IO_FILE
- DIR's struct tag has been changed to __dirstream
- locale_t's struct tag has been changed to __locale_struct
- pthread_t is defined as unsigned long in C++ mode only
- fpos_t now has a struct tag, _G_fpos64_t
- fsid_t's struct tag has been changed to __fsid_t
- idtype_t has been made an enum type (also required by POSIX)
- nl_catd has been changed from long to void *
- siginfo_t's struct tag has been removed
- sigset_t's has been given a struct tag, __sigset_t
- stack_t has been given a struct tag, sigaltstack
- suseconds_t has been changed to long on 32-bit archs
- [u]intptr_t have been changed from long to int rank on 32-bit archs
- dev_t has been made unsigned
summary of tests that have been performed against these changes:
- nsz's libc-test (diff -u before and after)
- C++ ABI check symbol dump (diff -u before, after, glibc)
- grepped for __NEED, made sure types needed are still in alltypes
- built gcc 3.4.6