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path: root/src/thread/pthread_create.c
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#define _GNU_SOURCE
#include "pthread_impl.h"
#include "stdio_impl.h"
#include "libc.h"
#include "lock.h"
#include <sys/mman.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <stddef.h>

static void dummy_0()
{
}
weak_alias(dummy_0, __acquire_ptc);
weak_alias(dummy_0, __release_ptc);
weak_alias(dummy_0, __pthread_tsd_run_dtors);
weak_alias(dummy_0, __do_orphaned_stdio_locks);
weak_alias(dummy_0, __dl_thread_cleanup);

void __tl_lock(void)
{
	if (!a_cas(&__thread_list_lock, 0, 1)) return;
	do {
		a_cas(&__thread_list_lock, 1, 2);
		__futexwait(&__thread_list_lock, 2, 0);
	} while (a_cas(&__thread_list_lock, 0, 2));
}

void __tl_unlock(void)
{
	if (a_swap(&__thread_list_lock, 0)==2)
		__wake(&__thread_list_lock, 1, 0);
}

void __tl_sync(pthread_t td)
{
	a_barrier();
	if (!__thread_list_lock) return;
	a_cas(&__thread_list_lock, 1, 2);
	__wait(&__thread_list_lock, 0, 2, 0);
	__wake(&__thread_list_lock, 1, 0);
}

_Noreturn void __pthread_exit(void *result)
{
	pthread_t self = __pthread_self();
	sigset_t set;

	self->canceldisable = 1;
	self->cancelasync = 0;
	self->result = result;

	while (self->cancelbuf) {
		void (*f)(void *) = self->cancelbuf->__f;
		void *x = self->cancelbuf->__x;
		self->cancelbuf = self->cancelbuf->__next;
		f(x);
	}

	__pthread_tsd_run_dtors();

	/* Access to target the exiting thread with syscalls that use
	 * its kernel tid is controlled by killlock. For detached threads,
	 * any use past this point would have undefined behavior, but for
	 * joinable threads it's a valid usage that must be handled. */
	LOCK(self->killlock);

	/* The thread list lock must be AS-safe, and thus requires
	 * application signals to be blocked before it can be taken. */
	__block_app_sigs(&set);
	__tl_lock();

	/* If this is the only thread in the list, don't proceed with
	 * termination of the thread, but restore the previous lock and
	 * signal state to prepare for exit to call atexit handlers. */
	if (self->next == self) {
		__tl_unlock();
		__restore_sigs(&set);
		UNLOCK(self->killlock);
		exit(0);
	}

	/* At this point we are committed to thread termination. Unlink
	 * the thread from the list. This change will not be visible
	 * until the lock is released, which only happens after SYS_exit
	 * has been called, via the exit futex address pointing at the lock. */
	libc.threads_minus_1--;
	self->next->prev = self->prev;
	self->prev->next = self->next;
	self->prev = self->next = self;

	/* Process robust list in userspace to handle non-pshared mutexes
	 * and the detached thread case where the robust list head will
	 * be invalid when the kernel would process it. */
	__vm_lock();
	volatile void *volatile *rp;
	while ((rp=self->robust_list.head) && rp != &self->robust_list.head) {
		pthread_mutex_t *m = (void *)((char *)rp
			- offsetof(pthread_mutex_t, _m_next));
		int waiters = m->_m_waiters;
		int priv = (m->_m_type & 128) ^ 128;
		self->robust_list.pending = rp;
		self->robust_list.head = *rp;
		int cont = a_swap(&m->_m_lock, 0x40000000);
		self->robust_list.pending = 0;
		if (cont < 0 || waiters)
			__wake(&m->_m_lock, 1, priv);
	}
	__vm_unlock();

	__do_orphaned_stdio_locks();
	__dl_thread_cleanup();

	/* This atomic potentially competes with a concurrent pthread_detach
	 * call; the loser is responsible for freeing thread resources. */
	int state = a_cas(&self->detach_state, DT_JOINABLE, DT_EXITING);

	if (state==DT_DETACHED && self->map_base) {
		/* Detached threads must block even implementation-internal
		 * signals, since they will not have a stack in their last
		 * moments of existence. */
		__block_all_sigs(&set);

		/* Robust list will no longer be valid, and was already
		 * processed above, so unregister it with the kernel. */
		if (self->robust_list.off)
			__syscall(SYS_set_robust_list, 0, 3*sizeof(long));

		/* Since __unmapself bypasses the normal munmap code path,
		 * explicitly wait for vmlock holders first. */
		__vm_wait();

		/* The following call unmaps the thread's stack mapping
		 * and then exits without touching the stack. */
		__unmapself(self->map_base, self->map_size);
	}

	/* Wake any joiner. */
	__wake(&self->detach_state, 1, 1);

	/* After the kernel thread exits, its tid may be reused. Clear it
	 * to prevent inadvertent use and inform functions that would use
	 * it that it's no longer available. */
	self->tid = 0;
	UNLOCK(self->killlock);

	for (;;) __syscall(SYS_exit, 0);
}

void __do_cleanup_push(struct __ptcb *cb)
{
	struct pthread *self = __pthread_self();
	cb->__next = self->cancelbuf;
	self->cancelbuf = cb;
}

void __do_cleanup_pop(struct __ptcb *cb)
{
	__pthread_self()->cancelbuf = cb->__next;
}

struct start_args {
	void *(*start_func)(void *);
	void *start_arg;
	pthread_attr_t *attr;
	volatile int *perr;
	unsigned long sig_mask[_NSIG/8/sizeof(long)];
};

static int start(void *p)
{
	struct start_args *args = p;
	if (args->attr) {
		pthread_t self = __pthread_self();
		int ret = -__syscall(SYS_sched_setscheduler, self->tid,
			args->attr->_a_policy, &args->attr->_a_prio);
		if (a_swap(args->perr, ret)==-2)
			__wake(args->perr, 1, 1);
		if (ret) {
			self->detach_state = DT_DETACHED;
			__pthread_exit(0);
		}
	}
	__syscall(SYS_rt_sigprocmask, SIG_SETMASK, &args->sig_mask, 0, _NSIG/8);
	__pthread_exit(args->start_func(args->start_arg));
	return 0;
}

static int start_c11(void *p)
{
	struct start_args *args = p;
	int (*start)(void*) = (int(*)(void*)) args->start_func;
	__pthread_exit((void *)(uintptr_t)start(args->start_arg));
	return 0;
}

#define ROUND(x) (((x)+PAGE_SIZE-1)&-PAGE_SIZE)

/* pthread_key_create.c overrides this */
static volatile size_t dummy = 0;
weak_alias(dummy, __pthread_tsd_size);
static void *dummy_tsd[1] = { 0 };
weak_alias(dummy_tsd, __pthread_tsd_main);

volatile int __block_new_threads = 0;

static FILE *volatile dummy_file = 0;
weak_alias(dummy_file, __stdin_used);
weak_alias(dummy_file, __stdout_used);
weak_alias(dummy_file, __stderr_used);

static void init_file_lock(FILE *f)
{
	if (f && f->lock<0) f->lock = 0;
}

int __pthread_create(pthread_t *restrict res, const pthread_attr_t *restrict attrp, void *(*entry)(void *), void *restrict arg)
{
	int ret, c11 = (attrp == __ATTRP_C11_THREAD);
	size_t size, guard;
	struct pthread *self, *new;
	unsigned char *map = 0, *stack = 0, *tsd = 0, *stack_limit;
	unsigned flags = CLONE_VM | CLONE_FS | CLONE_FILES | CLONE_SIGHAND
		| CLONE_THREAD | CLONE_SYSVSEM | CLONE_SETTLS
		| CLONE_PARENT_SETTID | CLONE_CHILD_CLEARTID | CLONE_DETACHED;
	pthread_attr_t attr = { 0 };
	sigset_t set;
	volatile int err = -1;

	if (!libc.can_do_threads) return ENOSYS;
	self = __pthread_self();
	if (!libc.threaded) {
		for (FILE *f=*__ofl_lock(); f; f=f->next)
			init_file_lock(f);
		__ofl_unlock();
		init_file_lock(__stdin_used);
		init_file_lock(__stdout_used);
		init_file_lock(__stderr_used);
		__syscall(SYS_rt_sigprocmask, SIG_UNBLOCK, SIGPT_SET, 0, _NSIG/8);
		self->tsd = (void **)__pthread_tsd_main;
		libc.threaded = 1;
	}
	if (attrp && !c11) attr = *attrp;

	__acquire_ptc();
	if (!attrp || c11) {
		attr._a_stacksize = __default_stacksize;
		attr._a_guardsize = __default_guardsize;
	}

	if (__block_new_threads) __wait(&__block_new_threads, 0, 1, 1);

	if (attr._a_stackaddr) {
		size_t need = libc.tls_size + __pthread_tsd_size;
		size = attr._a_stacksize;
		stack = (void *)(attr._a_stackaddr & -16);
		stack_limit = (void *)(attr._a_stackaddr - size);
		/* Use application-provided stack for TLS only when
		 * it does not take more than ~12% or 2k of the
		 * application's stack space. */
		if (need < size/8 && need < 2048) {
			tsd = stack - __pthread_tsd_size;
			stack = tsd - libc.tls_size;
			memset(stack, 0, need);
		} else {
			size = ROUND(need);
		}
		guard = 0;
	} else {
		guard = ROUND(attr._a_guardsize);
		size = guard + ROUND(attr._a_stacksize
			+ libc.tls_size +  __pthread_tsd_size);
	}

	if (!tsd) {
		if (guard) {
			map = __mmap(0, size, PROT_NONE, MAP_PRIVATE|MAP_ANON, -1, 0);
			if (map == MAP_FAILED) goto fail;
			if (__mprotect(map+guard, size-guard, PROT_READ|PROT_WRITE)
			    && errno != ENOSYS) {
				__munmap(map, size);
				goto fail;
			}
		} else {
			map = __mmap(0, size, PROT_READ|PROT_WRITE, MAP_PRIVATE|MAP_ANON, -1, 0);
			if (map == MAP_FAILED) goto fail;
		}
		tsd = map + size - __pthread_tsd_size;
		if (!stack) {
			stack = tsd - libc.tls_size;
			stack_limit = map + guard;
		}
	}

	new = __copy_tls(tsd - libc.tls_size);
	new->map_base = map;
	new->map_size = size;
	new->stack = stack;
	new->stack_size = stack - stack_limit;
	new->guard_size = guard;
	new->self = new;
	new->tsd = (void *)tsd;
	new->locale = &libc.global_locale;
	if (attr._a_detach) {
		new->detach_state = DT_DETACHED;
	} else {
		new->detach_state = DT_JOINABLE;
	}
	new->robust_list.head = &new->robust_list.head;
	new->CANARY = self->CANARY;

	/* Setup argument structure for the new thread on its stack.
	 * It's safe to access from the caller only until the thread
	 * list is unlocked. */
	stack -= (uintptr_t)stack % sizeof(uintptr_t);
	stack -= sizeof(struct start_args);
	struct start_args *args = (void *)stack;
	args->start_func = entry;
	args->start_arg = arg;
	if (attr._a_sched) {
		args->attr = &attr;
		args->perr = &err;
	} else {
		args->attr = 0;
		args->perr = 0;
	}

	/* Application signals (but not the synccall signal) must be
	 * blocked before the thread list lock can be taken, to ensure
	 * that the lock is AS-safe. */
	__block_app_sigs(&set);

	/* Ensure SIGCANCEL is unblocked in new thread. This requires
	 * working with a copy of the set so we can restore the
	 * original mask in the calling thread. */
	memcpy(&args->sig_mask, &set, sizeof args->sig_mask);
	args->sig_mask[(SIGCANCEL-1)/8/sizeof(long)] &=
		~(1UL<<((SIGCANCEL-1)%(8*sizeof(long))));

	__tl_lock();
	libc.threads_minus_1++;
	ret = __clone((c11 ? start_c11 : start), stack, flags, args, &new->tid, TP_ADJ(new), &__thread_list_lock);

	/* If clone succeeded, new thread must be linked on the thread
	 * list before unlocking it, even if scheduling may still fail. */
	if (ret >= 0) {
		new->next = self->next;
		new->prev = self;
		new->next->prev = new;
		new->prev->next = new;
	}
	__tl_unlock();
	__restore_sigs(&set);
	__release_ptc();

	if (ret < 0) {
		libc.threads_minus_1--;
		if (map) __munmap(map, size);
		return EAGAIN;
	}

	if (attr._a_sched) {
		if (a_cas(&err, -1, -2)==-1)
			__wait(&err, 0, -2, 1);
		ret = err;
		if (ret) return ret;
	}

	*res = new;
	return 0;
fail:
	__release_ptc();
	return EAGAIN;
}

weak_alias(__pthread_exit, pthread_exit);
weak_alias(__pthread_create, pthread_create);