summaryrefslogtreecommitdiff
path: root/src/math/tanh.c
blob: 957c43e907b19d4b112d5a53c90d47d7c9b9d292 (plain)
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
/* origin: FreeBSD /usr/src/lib/msun/src/s_tanh.c */
/*
 * ====================================================
 * Copyright (C) 1993 by Sun Microsystems, Inc. All rights reserved.
 *
 * Developed at SunPro, a Sun Microsystems, Inc. business.
 * Permission to use, copy, modify, and distribute this
 * software is freely granted, provided that this notice
 * is preserved.
 * ====================================================
 */
/* Tanh(x)
 * Return the Hyperbolic Tangent of x
 *
 * Method :
 *                                     x    -x
 *                                    e  - e
 *      0. tanh(x) is defined to be -----------
 *                                     x    -x
 *                                    e  + e
 *      1. reduce x to non-negative by tanh(-x) = -tanh(x).
 *      2.  0      <= x <  2**-28 : tanh(x) := x with inexact if x != 0
 *                                              -t
 *          2**-28 <= x <  1      : tanh(x) := -----; t = expm1(-2x)
 *                                             t + 2
 *                                                   2
 *          1      <= x <  22     : tanh(x) := 1 - -----; t = expm1(2x)
 *                                                 t + 2
 *          22     <= x <= INF    : tanh(x) := 1.
 *
 * Special cases:
 *      tanh(NaN) is NaN;
 *      only tanh(0)=0 is exact for finite argument.
 */

#include "libm.h"

static const double one = 1.0, two = 2.0, tiny = 1.0e-300, huge = 1.0e300;

double tanh(double x)
{
	double t,z;
	int32_t jx,ix;

	GET_HIGH_WORD(jx, x);
	ix = jx & 0x7fffffff;

	/* x is INF or NaN */
	if (ix >= 0x7ff00000) {
		if (jx >= 0)
			return one/x + one;  /* tanh(+-inf)=+-1 */
		else
			return one/x - one;  /* tanh(NaN) = NaN */
	}

	if (ix < 0x40360000) {  /* |x| < 22 */
		if (ix < 0x3e300000) {  /* |x| < 2**-28 */
			/* tanh(tiny) = tiny with inexact */
			if (huge+x > one)
				return x;
		}
		if (ix >= 0x3ff00000) {  /* |x| >= 1  */
			t = expm1(two*fabs(x));
			z = one - two/(t+two);
		} else {
			t = expm1(-two*fabs(x));
			z= -t/(t+two);
		}
	} else {  /* |x| >= 22, return +-1 */
		z = one - tiny;  /* raise inexact */
	}
	return jx >= 0 ? z : -z;
}