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/* origin: FreeBSD /usr/src/lib/msun/src/e_acos.c */
/*
 * ====================================================
 * Copyright (C) 1993 by Sun Microsystems, Inc. All rights reserved.
 *
 * Developed at SunSoft, a Sun Microsystems, Inc. business.
 * Permission to use, copy, modify, and distribute this
 * software is freely granted, provided that this notice
 * is preserved.
 * ====================================================
 */
/* acos(x)
 * Method :
 *      acos(x)  = pi/2 - asin(x)
 *      acos(-x) = pi/2 + asin(x)
 * For |x|<=0.5
 *      acos(x) = pi/2 - (x + x*x^2*R(x^2))     (see asin.c)
 * For x>0.5
 *      acos(x) = pi/2 - (pi/2 - 2asin(sqrt((1-x)/2)))
 *              = 2asin(sqrt((1-x)/2))
 *              = 2s + 2s*z*R(z)        ...z=(1-x)/2, s=sqrt(z)
 *              = 2f + (2c + 2s*z*R(z))
 *     where f=hi part of s, and c = (z-f*f)/(s+f) is the correction term
 *     for f so that f+c ~ sqrt(z).
 * For x<-0.5
 *      acos(x) = pi - 2asin(sqrt((1-|x|)/2))
 *              = pi - 0.5*(s+s*z*R(z)), where z=(1-|x|)/2,s=sqrt(z)
 *
 * Special cases:
 *      if x is NaN, return x itself;
 *      if |x|>1, return NaN with invalid signal.
 *
 * Function needed: sqrt
 */

#include "libm.h"

static const double
one =  1.00000000000000000000e+00, /* 0x3FF00000, 0x00000000 */
pi  =  3.14159265358979311600e+00, /* 0x400921FB, 0x54442D18 */
pio2_hi = 1.57079632679489655800e+00; /* 0x3FF921FB, 0x54442D18 */
static volatile double
pio2_lo = 6.12323399573676603587e-17; /* 0x3C91A626, 0x33145C07 */
static const double
pS0 =  1.66666666666666657415e-01, /* 0x3FC55555, 0x55555555 */
pS1 = -3.25565818622400915405e-01, /* 0xBFD4D612, 0x03EB6F7D */
pS2 =  2.01212532134862925881e-01, /* 0x3FC9C155, 0x0E884455 */
pS3 = -4.00555345006794114027e-02, /* 0xBFA48228, 0xB5688F3B */
pS4 =  7.91534994289814532176e-04, /* 0x3F49EFE0, 0x7501B288 */
pS5 =  3.47933107596021167570e-05, /* 0x3F023DE1, 0x0DFDF709 */
qS1 = -2.40339491173441421878e+00, /* 0xC0033A27, 0x1C8A2D4B */
qS2 =  2.02094576023350569471e+00, /* 0x40002AE5, 0x9C598AC8 */
qS3 = -6.88283971605453293030e-01, /* 0xBFE6066C, 0x1B8D0159 */
qS4 =  7.70381505559019352791e-02; /* 0x3FB3B8C5, 0xB12E9282 */

double acos(double x)
{
	double z,p,q,r,w,s,c,df;
	int32_t hx,ix;

	GET_HIGH_WORD(hx, x);
	ix = hx & 0x7fffffff;
	if (ix >= 0x3ff00000) {  /* |x| >= 1 */
		uint32_t lx;

		GET_LOW_WORD(lx,x);
		if ((ix-0x3ff00000 | lx) == 0) {  /* |x|==1 */
			if (hx > 0) return 0.0;  /* acos(1) = 0  */
			return pi + 2.0*pio2_lo; /* acos(-1)= pi */
		}
		return (x-x)/(x-x);  /* acos(|x|>1) is NaN */
	}
	if (ix < 0x3fe00000) {   /* |x| < 0.5 */
		if (ix <= 0x3c600000)  /* |x| < 2**-57 */
			return pio2_hi + pio2_lo;
		z = x*x;
		p = z*(pS0+z*(pS1+z*(pS2+z*(pS3+z*(pS4+z*pS5)))));
		q = one+z*(qS1+z*(qS2+z*(qS3+z*qS4)));
		r = p/q;
		return pio2_hi - (x - (pio2_lo-x*r));
	} else if (hx < 0) {     /* x < -0.5 */
		z = (one+x)*0.5;
		p = z*(pS0+z*(pS1+z*(pS2+z*(pS3+z*(pS4+z*pS5)))));
		q = one+z*(qS1+z*(qS2+z*(qS3+z*qS4)));
		s = sqrt(z);
		r = p/q;
		w = r*s-pio2_lo;
		return pi - 2.0*(s+w);
	} else {                 /* x > 0.5 */
		z = (one-x)*0.5;
		s = sqrt(z);
		df = s;
		SET_LOW_WORD(df,0);
		c  = (z-df*df)/(s+df);
		p = z*(pS0+z*(pS1+z*(pS2+z*(pS3+z*(pS4+z*pS5)))));
		q = one+z*(qS1+z*(qS2+z*(qS3+z*qS4)));
		r = p/q;
		w = r*s+c;
		return 2.0*(df+w);
	}
}