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the resolution of Austin Group issue #1132 changes the requirement to
fail so that it only applies when the set argument (new mask) is
non-null. this change was made for consistency with the description,
which specified "if set is a null pointer, the value of the argument
how is not significant".
the issue at hand is that many syscalls require as an argument the
kernel-ABI size of sigset_t, intended to allow the kernel to switch to
a larger sigset_t in the future. previously, each arch was defining
this size in syscall_arch.h, which was redundant with the definition
of _NSIG in bits/signal.h. as it's used in some not-quite-portable
application code as well, _NSIG is much more likely to be recognized
and understood immediately by someone reading the code, and it's also
shorter and less cluttered.
note that _NSIG is actually 65/129, not 64/128, but the division takes
care of throwing away the off-by-one part.
to deal with the fact that the public headers may be used with pre-c99
compilers, __restrict is used in place of restrict, and defined
appropriately for any supported compiler. we also avoid the form
[restrict] since older versions of gcc rejected it due to a bug in the
original c99 standard, and instead use the form *restrict.
some minor changes to how hard-coded sets for thread-related purposes
are handled were also needed, since the old object sizes were not
necessarily sufficient. things have gotten a bit ugly in this area,
and i think a cleanup is in order at some point, but for now the goal
is just to get the code working on all supported archs including mips,
which was badly broken by linux rejecting syscalls with the wrong
this fix is necessary because a program could be started with some of
the implementation-reserved signals masked (e.g. due to exec having
been called from a signal handler, or from a non-musl program) and
then could obtain an invalid-to-use-later sigset_t as the old/saved
it's nicer for the function that doesn't use errno to be independent,
and have the other one call it. saves some time and avoids clobbering
it must return errno, not -1, and should reject invalud values for how.