path: root/src/thread/pthread_self.c
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2018-09-12reduce spurious inclusion of libc.hRich Felker-1/+0
libc.h was intended to be a header for access to global libc state and related interfaces, but ended up included all over the place because it was the way to get the weak_alias macro. most of the inclusions removed here are places where weak_alias was needed. a few were recently introduced for hidden. some go all the way back to when libc.h defined CANCELPT_BEGIN and _END, and all (wrongly implemented) cancellation points had to include it. remaining spurious users are mostly callers of the LOCK/UNLOCK macros and files that use the LFS64 macro to define the awful *64 aliases. in a few places, new inclusion of libc.h is added because several internal headers no longer implicitly include libc.h. declarations for __lockfile and __unlockfile are moved from libc.h to stdio_impl.h so that the latter does not need libc.h. putting them in libc.h made no sense at all, since the macros in stdio_impl.h are needed to use them correctly anyway.
2014-09-07add C11 thread creation and related thread functionsRich Felker-1/+6
based on patch by Jens Gustedt. the main difficulty here is handling the difference between start function signatures and thread return types for C11 threads versus POSIX threads. pointers to void are assumed to be able to represent faithfully all values of int. the function pointer for the thread start function is cast to an incorrect type for passing through pthread_create, but is cast back to its correct type before calling so that the behavior of the call is well-defined. changes to the existing threads implementation were kept minimal to reduce the risk of regressions, and duplication of code that carries implementation-specific assumptions was avoided for ease and safety of future maintenance.
2014-03-24always initialize thread pointer at program startRich Felker-40/+1
this is the first step in an overhaul aimed at greatly simplifying and optimizing everything dealing with thread-local state. previously, the thread pointer was initialized lazily on first access, or at program startup if stack protector was in use, or at certain random places where inconsistent state could be reached if it were not initialized early. while believed to be fully correct, the logic was fragile and non-obvious. in the first phase of the thread pointer overhaul, support is retained (and in some cases improved) for systems/situation where loading the thread pointer fails, e.g. old kernels. some notes on specific changes: - the confusing use of libc.main_thread as an indicator that the thread pointer is initialized is eliminated in favor of an explicit has_thread_pointer predicate. - sigaction no longer needs to ensure that the thread pointer is initialized before installing a signal handler (this was needed to prevent a situation where the signal handler caused the thread pointer to be initialized and the subsequent sigreturn cleared it again) but it still needs to ensure that implementation-internal thread-related signals are not blocked. - pthread tsd initialization for the main thread is deferred in a new manner to minimize bloat in the static-linked __init_tp code. - pthread_setcancelstate no longer needs special handling for the situation before the thread pointer is initialized. it simply fails on systems that cannot support a thread pointer, which are non-conforming anyway. - pthread_cleanup_push/pop now check for missing thread pointer and nop themselves out in this case, so stdio no longer needs to avoid the cancellable path when the thread pointer is not available. a number of cases remain where certain interfaces may crash if the system does not support a thread pointer. at this point, these should be limited to pthread interfaces, and the number of such cases should be fewer than before.
2013-06-03ensure that thread dtv pointer is never null to optimize __tls_get_addrRich Felker-0/+2
2013-03-26remove __SYSCALL_SSLEN arch macro in favor of using public _NSIGRich Felker-1/+1
the issue at hand is that many syscalls require as an argument the kernel-ABI size of sigset_t, intended to allow the kernel to switch to a larger sigset_t in the future. previously, each arch was defining this size in syscall_arch.h, which was redundant with the definition of _NSIG in bits/signal.h. as it's used in some not-quite-portable application code as well, _NSIG is much more likely to be recognized and understood immediately by someone reading the code, and it's also shorter and less cluttered. note that _NSIG is actually 65/129, not 64/128, but the division takes care of throwing away the off-by-one part.
2012-10-15add support for TLS variant I, presently needed for arm and mipsRich Felker-1/+1
despite documentation that makes it sound a lot different, the only ABI-constraint difference between TLS variants II and I seems to be that variant II stores the initial TLS segment immediately below the thread pointer (i.e. the thread pointer points to the end of it) and variant I stores the initial TLS segment above the thread pointer, requiring the thread descriptor to be stored below. the actual value stored in the thread pointer register also tends to have per-arch random offsets applied to it for silly micro-optimization purposes. with these changes applied, TLS should be basically working on all supported archs except microblaze. I'm still working on getting the necessary information and a working toolchain that can build TLS binaries for microblaze, but in theory, static-linked programs with TLS and dynamic-linked programs where only the main executable uses TLS should already work on microblaze. alignment constraints have not yet been heavily tested, so it's possible that this code does not always align TLS segments correctly on archs that need TLS variant I.
2012-10-04TLS (GNU/C11 thread-local storage) support for static-linked programsRich Felker-9/+15
the design for TLS in dynamic-linked programs is mostly complete too, but I have not yet implemented it. cost is nonzero but still low for programs which do not use TLS and/or do not use threads (a few hundred bytes of new code, plus dependency on memcpy). i believe it can be made smaller at some point by merging __init_tls and __init_security into __libc_start_main and avoiding duplicate auxv-parsing code. at the same time, I've also slightly changed the logic pthread_create uses to allocate guard pages to ensure that guard pages are not counted towards commit charge.
2012-08-09fix (hopefully) all hard-coded 8's for kernel sigset_t sizeRich Felker-1/+2
some minor changes to how hard-coded sets for thread-related purposes are handled were also needed, since the old object sizes were not necessarily sufficient. things have gotten a bit ugly in this area, and i think a cleanup is in order at some point, but for now the goal is just to get the code working on all supported archs including mips, which was badly broken by linux rejecting syscalls with the wrong sigset_t size.
2012-05-25ensure pthread-internal signals are unblocked before threads are usedRich Felker-0/+1
if the process started with these signals blocked, cancellation could fail or setxid could deadlock. there is no way to globally unblock them after threads have been created. by unblocking them in the pthread_self initialization for the main thread, we ensure that they're unblocked before any other threads are created and also outside of any signal handler context (sigaction initialized pthread_self), which is important so that return from a signal handler won't re-block them.
2012-02-27work around "signal loses thread pointer" issue with "approach 2"Rich Felker-2/+3
this was discussed on the mailing list and no consensus on the preferred solution was reached, so in anticipation of a release, i'm just committing a minimally-invasive solution that avoids the problem by ensuring that multi-threaded-capable programs will always have initialized the thread pointer before any signal handler can run. in the long term we may switch to initializing the thread pointer at program start time whenever the program has the potential to access any per-thread data.
2011-09-13remove some stray trailing space charactersRich Felker-1/+1
2011-08-06simplify multi-threaded errno, eliminate useless function pointerRich Felker-7/+2
2011-07-30add proper fuxed-based locking for stdioRich Felker-0/+2
previously, stdio used spinlocks, which would be unacceptable if we ever add support for thread priorities, and which yielded pathologically bad performance if an application attempted to use flockfile on a key file as a major/primary locking mechanism. i had held off on making this change for fear that it would hurt performance in the non-threaded case, but actually support for recursive locking had already inflicted that cost. by having the internal locking functions store a flag indicating whether they need to perform unlocking, rather than using the actual recursive lock counter, i was able to combine the conditionals at unlock time, eliminating any additional cost, and also avoid a nasty corner case where a huge number of calls to ftrylockfile could cause deadlock later at the point of internal locking. this commit also fixes some issues with usage of pthread_self conflicting with __attribute__((const)) which resulted in crashes with some compiler versions/optimizations, mainly in flockfile prior to pthread_create.
2011-04-20fix minor bugs due to incorrect threaded-predicate semanticsRich Felker-4/+2
some functions that should have been testing whether pthread_self() had been called and initialized the thread pointer were instead testing whether pthread_create() had been called and actually made the program "threaded". while it's unlikely any mismatch would occur in real-world problems, this could have introduced subtle bugs. now, we store the address of the main thread's thread descriptor in the libc structure and use its presence as a flag that the thread register is initialized. note that after fork, the calling thread (not necessarily the original main thread) is the new main thread.
2011-04-17debloat: use __syscall instead of syscall where possibleRich Felker-1/+1
don't waste time (and significant code size due to function call overhead!) setting errno when the result of a syscall does not matter or when it can't fail.
2011-04-17optimize cancellation enable/disable codeRich Felker-0/+1
the goal is to be able to use pthread_setcancelstate internally in the implementation, whenever a function might want to use functions which are cancellation points but avoid becoming a cancellation point itself. i could have just used a separate internal function for temporarily inhibiting cancellation, but the solution in this commit is better because (1) it's one less implementation-specific detail in functions that need to use it, and (2) application code can also get the same benefit. previously, pthread_setcancelstate dependend on pthread_self, which would pull in unwanted thread setup overhead for non-threaded programs. now, it temporarily stores the state in the global libc struct if threads have not been initialized, and later moves it if needed. this way we can instead use __pthread_self, which has no dependencies and assumes that the thread register is already valid.
2011-04-01use bss instead of mmap for main thread's pthread thread-specific dataRich Felker-9/+3
this simplifies code and removes a failure case
2011-03-20global cleanup to use the new syscall interfaceRich Felker-1/+1
2011-03-09optimize pthread initializationRich Felker-2/+2
the set_tid_address returns the tid (which is also the pid when called from the initial thread) so there is no need to make a separate syscall to get pid/tid.
2011-03-03optimize POSIX TSD for fast pthread_getspecificRich Felker-0/+11
2011-02-15finish unifying thread register handling in preparation for portingRich Felker-9/+3
2011-02-12initial check-in, version 0.5.0v0.5.0Rich Felker-0/+39