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libc.h was intended to be a header for access to global libc state and
related interfaces, but ended up included all over the place because
it was the way to get the weak_alias macro. most of the inclusions
removed here are places where weak_alias was needed. a few were
recently introduced for hidden. some go all the way back to when
libc.h defined CANCELPT_BEGIN and _END, and all (wrongly implemented)
cancellation points had to include it.
remaining spurious users are mostly callers of the LOCK/UNLOCK macros
and files that use the LFS64 macro to define the awful *64 aliases.
in a few places, new inclusion of libc.h is added because several
internal headers no longer implicitly include libc.h.
declarations for __lockfile and __unlockfile are moved from libc.h to
stdio_impl.h so that the latter does not need libc.h. putting them in
libc.h made no sense at all, since the macros in stdio_impl.h are
needed to use them correctly anyway.
GNU used several extensions that were incompatible with C99 and POSIX,
so they used alternate names for the standard functions.
The result is that we need these to run standards-conformant programs
that were linked with glibc.
if the buffer is too short, at least return a partial string. this is
helpful if the caller is lazy and does not check for failure. care is
taken to avoid writing anything if the buffer length is zero, and to
always null-terminate when the buffer length is non-zero.