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due to historical reasons, the mips signal set has 128 bits rather
than 64 like on every other arch. this was special-cased correctly, at
least for 32-bit mips, at one time, but was inadvertently broken in
commit 7c440977db9444d7e6b1c3dcb1fdf4ee49ca4158, and seems never to
have been right on mips64/n32.
as consequenct of this bug, applications making use of high realtime
signal numbers on mips may have been able to execute application code
in contexts where doing so was unsafe.
commit 25ea9f712c30c32957de493d4711ee39d0bbb024 introduced a deadlock
to the posix_spawn child whereby, if abort was called in the parent
and ended up taking the abort lock to terminate the process, the
__libc_sigaction calls in the child would wait forever to obtain a
lock that would not be released. this could be fixed by having abort
set the abort lock as the exit futex address, but it's cleaner to just
remove the SIGABRT special handling from the internal __libc_sigaction
and lift it to the public sigaction function.
nothing but the posix_spawn child calls __libc_sigaction on SIGABRT,
and since commit b7bc966522d73e1dc420b5ee6fc7a2e78099a08c the abort
lock is held at the time of __clone, which precludes the child
inheriting a kernel-level signal disposition inconsistent with the
disposition on the abstract machine. this means it's fine to inspect
and modify the disposition in the child without a lock.
the existing abort locking logic in sigaction only accounted for
attempts to change the disposition, not attempts to observe the change
made by abort.
unfortunately the change is still observable in at least one other
place: inheritance of signal dispositions across exec and posix_spawn.
fixing these is a separate task and it's not even clear whether a
complete fix is possible.
the dummy definition of __abort_lock in sigaction.c was performing
exactly the same role that putting the lock in its own source file
could and should have been used to achieve.
while we're moving it, give it a proper declaration.
The R_ARM_THM_JUMP19 relocation type generated for the original code
when targeting Thumb 2 is not supported by the gold linker.
commit 9b14ad541068d4f7d0be9bcd1ff4c70090d868d3 introduced this
these functions have no new time64 syscall, so the existence of a
time64 syscall cannot be used as the condition for the new code.
instead, assume the syscall takes timevals as longs, which is true
everywhere but x32, and interface with the kernel through long
rather than adding new hacks to special-case x32 here, just add
x32-specific source files since a trivial syscall wrapper suffices
the new code paths added in this commit are statically unreachable on
all current archs, but will become reachable when 32-bit archs get
time64 syscall is used only if it's the only one defined for the arch,
or if the requested timeout length does not fit in 32 bits. on current
32-bit archs where time_t is a 32-bit type, this makes it statically
on 64-bit archs, there are only superficial changes to the code after
preprocessing. on current 32-bit archs, the timeout is passed via an
intermediate copy to remove the assumption that time_t is a 32-bit
The old/new parameters to pthread_sigmask, sigprocmask, and setitimer
are marked restrict, so passing the same address to both is
prohibited. Modify callers of these functions to use a separate object
for each argument.
Author: Alex Suykov <email@example.com>
Author: Aric Belsito <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Author: Drew DeVault <email@example.com>
Author: Michael Clark <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Author: Michael Forney <email@example.com>
Author: Stefan O'Rear <firstname.lastname@example.org>
This port has involved the work of many people over several years. I
have tried to ensure that everyone with substantial contributions has
been credited above; if any omissions are found they will be noted
later in an update to the authors/contributors list in the COPYRIGHT
The version committed here comes from the riscv/riscv-musl repo's
commit 3fe7e2c75df78eef42dcdc352a55757729f451e2, with minor changes by
me for issues found during final review:
- a_ll/a_sc atomics are removed (according to the ISA spec, lr/sc
are not safe to use in separate inline asm fragments)
- a_cas[_p] is fixed to be a memory barrier
- the call from the _start assembly into the C part of crt1/ldso is
changed to allow for the possibility that the linker does not place
them nearby each other.
- DTP_OFFSET is defined correctly so that local-dynamic TLS works
- reloc.h LDSO_ARCH logic is simplified and made explicit.
- unused, non-functional crti/n asm files are removed.
- an empty .sdata section is added to crt1 so that the
__global_pointer reference is resolvable.
- indentation style errors in some asm files are fixed.
historically, and likely accidentally, sigaltstack was specified to
fail with EINVAL if any flag bit other than SS_DISABLE was set. the
resolution of Austin Group issue 1187 fixes this so that the
requirement is only to fail for SS_ONSTACK (which cannot be set) or
Linux fails on the kernel side for invalid flags, but historically
accepts SS_ONSTACK as a no-op, so it needs to be rejected in userspace
with this change, the Linux-specific SS_AUTODISARM, provided since
commit 9680e1d03a794b0e0d5815c749478228ed40a36d but unusable due to
rejection at runtime, is now usable.
prior to linux 2.6.22, futex wait could fail with EINTR even for
non-interrupting (SA_RESTART) signals. this was no problem provided
the caller simply restarted the wait, but sem_[timed]wait is required
by POSIX to return when interrupted by a signal. commit
a113434cd68ce30642c4995b1caadcd084be6f09 introduced this behavior, and
commit c0ed5a201b2bdb6d1896064bec0020c9973db0a1 reverted it based on a
mistaken belief that it was not required. this belief stems from a bug
in the specification: the description requires the function to return
when interrupted, but the errors section marks EINTR as a "may fail"
condition rather than a "shall fail" one.
since there does seem to be significant value in the change made in
commit c0ed5a201b2bdb6d1896064bec0020c9973db0a1, making it so that
programs that call sem_wait without checking for EINTR don't silently
make forward progress without obtaining the semaphore or treat it as a
fatal error and abort, add a behind-the-scenes mechanism in the
__timedwait backend to suppress EINTR in programs that have never
installed interrupting signal handlers, and have sigaction track and
report this state. this way the semaphore code is not cluttered by
workarounds and can be updated (to be done in next commit) to reflect
the high-level logic for conforming behavior.
these changes are based loosely on a patch by Markus Wichmann, with
the main changes being atomic update to flag object and moving the
workaround from sem_timedwait to the __timedwait futex backend.
this further reduces the number of source files which need to include
libc.h and thereby be potentially exposed to libc global state and
this will also facilitate further improvements like adding an inline
fast-path, if we want to do so later.
libc.h was intended to be a header for access to global libc state and
related interfaces, but ended up included all over the place because
it was the way to get the weak_alias macro. most of the inclusions
removed here are places where weak_alias was needed. a few were
recently introduced for hidden. some go all the way back to when
libc.h defined CANCELPT_BEGIN and _END, and all (wrongly implemented)
cancellation points had to include it.
remaining spurious users are mostly callers of the LOCK/UNLOCK macros
and files that use the LFS64 macro to define the awful *64 aliases.
in a few places, new inclusion of libc.h is added because several
internal headers no longer implicitly include libc.h.
declarations for __lockfile and __unlockfile are moved from libc.h to
stdio_impl.h so that the latter does not need libc.h. putting them in
libc.h made no sense at all, since the macros in stdio_impl.h are
needed to use them correctly anyway.
these were overlooked in the declarations overhaul work because they
are not properly declared, and the current framework even allows their
declared types to vary by arch. at some point this should be cleaned
up, but I'm not sure what the right way would be.
commits leading up to this one have moved the vast majority of
libc-internal interface declarations to appropriate internal headers,
allowing them to be type-checked and setting the stage to limit their
visibility. the ones that have not yet been moved are mostly
namespace-protected aliases for standard/public interfaces, which
exist to facilitate implementing plain C functions in terms of POSIX
functionality, or C or POSIX functionality in terms of extensions that
are not standardized. some don't quite fit this description, but are
"internally public" interfacs between subsystems of libc.
rather than create a number of newly-named headers to declare these
functions, and having to add explicit include directives for them to
every source file where they're needed, I have introduced a method of
wrapping the corresponding public headers.
parallel to the public headers in $(srcdir)/include, we now have
wrappers in $(srcdir)/src/include that come earlier in the include
path order. they include the public header they're wrapping, then add
declarations for namespace-protected versions of the same interfaces
and any "internally public" interfaces for the subsystem they
along these lines, the wrapper for features.h is now responsible for
the definition of the hidden, weak, and weak_alias macros. this means
source files will no longer need to include any special headers to
access these features.
over time, it is my expectation that the scope of what is "internally
public" will expand, reducing the number of source files which need to
include *_impl.h and related headers down to those which are actually
implementing the corresponding subsystems, not just using them.
this cleans up what had become widespread direct inline use of "GNU C"
style attributes directly in the source, and lowers the barrier to
increased use of hidden visibility, which will be useful to recovering
some of the efficiency lost when the protected visibility hack was
dropped in commit dc2f368e565c37728b0d620380b849c3a1ddd78f, especially
on archs where the PLT ABI is costly.
this code in sigaction was the only place where sizeof was being
applied to the kernel sigaction's mask member to get the size argument
to pass to the kernel. everywhere else, _NSIG/8 is used for this
Linux makes this surprisingly difficult, but it can be done. the trick
here is using the fact that we control the implementation of sigaction
to prevent changing the disposition of SIGABRT to anything but SIG_DFL
after abort has tried and failed to terminate the process simply by
assuming signals are blocked, which they are here, the tid in the
thread structure is always valid and cannot change out from under us.
these functions are specified to write to stderr but not set its
orientation, presumably so that they can be used in programs operating
stderr in wide mode. also, they are not allowed to clobber errno on
success. save and restore to meet the requirement.
psiginfo is reduced to a think wrapper around psignal, since it
already behaved the same. if we want to add more detailed siginfo
printing at some point this will need refactoring.
three ABIs are supported: the default with 68881 80-bit fpu format and
results returned in floating point registers, softfloat-only with the
same format, and coldfire fpu with IEEE single/double only. only the
first is tested at all, and only under qemu which has fpu emulation
basic functionality smoke tests have been performed for the most
common arch-specific breakage via libc-test and qemu user-level
emulation. some sysvipc failures remain, but are shared with other big
endian archs and will be fixed separately.
the static const zero set ended up getting put in bss instead of
rodata, wasting writable memory, and the call to memcmp was
size-inefficient. generally for nonstandard extension functions we try
to avoid poking at any internals directly, but the way the zero set
was setup was arguably already doing so.
general policy is that all source files defining a public API or an
ABI mechanism referenced by a public header should include the public
header that declares the interface, so that the compiler or analysis
tools can check the consistency of the declarations. Alexander Monakov
pointed out a number of violations of this principle a few years back.
fix them now.
The TOC pointer is constant within a single dso, but needs to be saved
and restored around cross-dso calls. The PLT stub saves it to the
caller's stack frame, and the linker adds code to the caller to restore
With a local call, as within a single dso or with static linking, this
doesn't happen and the TOC pointer is always in r2. Therefore,
setjmp/longjmp need to save/restore the TOC pointer from/to different
locations depending on whether the call to setjmp was a local or non-local
It is always safe for longjmp to restore to both r2 and the caller's stack.
If the call to setjmp was local, and only r2 matters and the stack location
will be ignored, but is required by the ABI to be reserved for the TOC
pointer. If the call was non-local, then only the stack location matters,
and whatever is restored into r2 will be clobbered anyway when the caller
reloads r2 from the stack.
A little extra care is required for sigsetjmp, because it uses setjmp
internally. After the second return from this setjmp call, r2 will contain
the caller's TOC pointer instead of libc's TOC pointer. We need to save
and restore the correct libc pointer before we can tail call to
the bz instruction that was wrongly used only admits a small immediate
displacement and cannot be used with external symbols; apparently the
linker fails to diagnose the overflow.
gdb can only backtrace/unwind across signal handlers if it recognizes
the sa_restorer trampoline. for x86_64, gdb first attempts to
determine the symbol name for the function in which the program
counter resides and match it against "__restore_rt". if no name can be
found (e.g. in the case of a stripped binary), the exact instruction
sequence is matched instead.
when matching the function name, however, gdb's unwind code wrongly
considers the interval [sym,sym+size] rather than [sym,sym+size).
thus, if __restore_rt begins immediately after another function, gdb
wrongly identifies pc as lying within the previous adjacent function.
this patch adds a nop before __restore_rt to preclude that
possibility. it also removes the symbol name __restore and replaces it
with a macro since the stability of whether gdb identifies the
function as __restore_rt or __restore is not clear.
for the no-symbols case, the instruction sequence is changed to use
%rax rather than %eax to match what gdb expects.
based on patch by Szabolcs Nagy, with extended description and
corresponding x32 changes added.
based on patch submitted by Jaydeep Patil, with minor changes.
patch by Mahesh Bodapati and Jaydeep Patil of Imagination
this error case was overlooked in the old range checking logic. new
check is moved out of __libc_sigaction to the public wrapper in order
to unify the error path and reduce code size.
this is the first and simplest stage of removal of the SHARED macro,
which will eventually allow libc.a and libc.so to be produced from the
same object files.
the original motivation for these #ifdefs which are now being removed
was to allow building a static-only libc using a compiler that does
not support visibility. however, SHARED was the wrong condition to
test for this anyway; various assembly-language sources refer to
hidden symbols and declare them with the .hidden directive, making it
wrong to define the referenced symbols as non-hidden. if there is a
need in the future to build libc using compilers that lack visibility,
support could be moved to the build system or perhaps the __PIC__
macro could be checked instead of SHARED.
these files are all accepted as legacy arm syntax when producing arm
code, but legacy syntax cannot be used for producing thumb2 with
access to the full ISA. even after switching to UAL, some asm source
files contain instructions which are not valid in thumb mode, so these
will need to be addressed separately.
the restorer function pointer provided in the kernel sigaction
structure is interpreted by the kernel as a raw code address, not a
this commit moves the declarations of the __restore and __restore_rt
symbols to ksigaction.h so that arch versions of the file can override
them, and introduces a version for sh which declares them as objects
rather than functions.
an alternate solution would have been defining SA_RESTORER to 0 so
that the functions are not used, but this both requires executable
stack (since the sh kernel does not have a vdso page with permanent
restorer functions) and crashes on qemu user-level emulation.
originally, the comment in this code was correct and it would likely
work if the compiler generated a tail call to setjmp. however, commit
583e55122e767b1586286a0d9c35e2a4027998ab redesigned sigsetjmp and
siglongjmp such that the old C implementation (which was not intended
to be used) is not even conceptually correct. remove it in the
interest of avoiding confusion when porting to new archs.
nominally the low bits of the trap number on sh are the number of
syscall arguments, but they have never been used by the kernel, and
some code making syscalls does not even know the number of arguments
and needs to pass an arbitrary high number anyway.
sh3/sh4 traditionally used the trap range 16-31 for syscalls, but part
of this range overlapped with hardware exceptions/interrupts on sh2
hardware, so an incompatible range 32-47 was chosen for sh2.
using trap number 31 everywhere, since it's in the existing sh3/sh4
range and does not conflict with sh2 hardware, is a proposed
unification of the kernel syscall convention that will allow binaries
to be shared between sh2 and sh3/sh4. if this is not accepted into the
kernel, we can refit the sh2 target with runtime selection mechanisms
for the trap number, but doing so would be invasive and would entail
the 64-bit push reads not only the 32-bit return address but also the
first 32 signal mask bits. if any were nonzero, the return address
obtained will be invalid.
at some point storage of the return address should probably be moved
to follow the saved mask so that there's plenty room and the same code
can be used on x32 and regular x86_64, but for now I want a fix that
does not risk breaking x86_64, and this simple re-zeroing works.
while the sh port is still experimental and subject to ABI
instability, this is not actually an application/libc boundary ABI
change. it only affects third-party APIs where jmp_buf is used in a
shared structure at the ABI boundary, because nothing anywhere near
the end of the jmp_buf object (which includes the oversized sigset_t)
is accessed by libc.
both glibc and uclibc have 15-slot jmp_buf for sh. presumably the
smaller version was used in musl because the slots for fpu status
register and thread pointer register (gbr) were incorrect and must not
be restored by longjmp, but the size should have been preserved, as
it's generally treated as a libc-agnostic ABI property for the arch,
and having extra slots free in case we ever need them for something is
at least some assembler versions do not accept the register name lr.
use the name x30 instead.
analogous to commit 646cb9a4a04e5ed78e2dd928bf9dc6e79202f609 for sh.
these are perfectly fine with ld-time symbol binding, but otherwise
result in textrels. they cannot be replaced with @PLT jump targets
because the PLT thunks require a GOT register to be setup, so use a
hidden alias instead.
analogous to commit 646cb9a4a04e5ed78e2dd928bf9dc6e79202f609 for sh.
these are perfectly fine with ld-time symbol binding, but if the calls
go through a PLT thunk, they are invalid because the caller does not
setup a GOT register. use a hidden alias to bypass the issue.
analogous to commit 8ed66ecbcba1dd0f899f22b534aac92a282f42d5 for i386.
none of these are actual textrels because of ld-time binding performed
by -Bsymbolic-functions, but I'm changing them with the goal of making
ld-time binding purely an optimization rather than relying on it for
in the case of memmove's call to memcpy, making it explicit that the
memmove asm is assuming the forward-copying behavior of the memcpy asm
is desirable anyway; in case memcpy is ever changed, the semantic
mismatch would be apparent while editing memmcpy.s.
the conventional way to implement sigsetjmp is to save the signal mask
then tail-call to setjmp; siglongjmp then restores the signal mask and
calls longjmp. the problem with this approach is that a signal already
pending, or arriving between unmasking of signals and restoration of
the saved stack pointer, will have its signal handler run on the stack
that was active before siglongjmp was called. this can lead to
unbounded stack usage when siglongjmp is used to leave a signal
in the new design, sigsetjmp saves its own return address inside the
extended part of the sigjmp_buf (outside the __jmp_buf part used by
setjmp) then calls setjmp to save a jmp_buf inside its own execution.
it then tail-calls to __sigsetjmp_tail, which uses the return value of
setjmp to determine whether to save the current signal mask or restore
a previously-saved mask.
as an added bonus, this design makes it so that siglongjmp and longjmp
are identical. this is useful because the __longjmp_chk function we
need to add for ABI-compatibility assumes siglongjmp and longjmp are
the same, but for different reasons -- it was designed assuming either
can access a flag just past the __jmp_buf indicating whether the
signal masked was saved, and act on that flag. however, early versions
of musl did not have space past the __jmp_buf for the non-sigjmp_buf
version of jmp_buf, so our setjmp cannot store such a flag without
risking clobbering memory on (very) old binaries.
This adds complete aarch64 target support including bigendian subarch.
Some of the long double math functions are known to be broken otherwise
interfaces should be fully functional, but at this point consider this
Initial work on this port was done by Sireesh Tripurari and Kevin Bortis.
this shaves off a useless syscall for getting the caller's pid and
brings raise into alignment with other functions which were adapted to
use tkill rather than tgkill.
commit 83dc6eb087633abcf5608ad651d3b525ca2ec35e documents the
rationale for this change, and in particular why the tgkill syscall is
useless for its designed purpose of avoiding races.