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while it's not clearly documented anywhere, this is the historical
behavior which some applications expect. applications which need to
see the response packet in these cases, for example to distinguish
between nonexistence in a secure vs insecure zone, must already use
res_mkquery with res_send in order to be portable, since most if not
all other implementations of res_query don't provide it.
libc.h was intended to be a header for access to global libc state and
related interfaces, but ended up included all over the place because
it was the way to get the weak_alias macro. most of the inclusions
removed here are places where weak_alias was needed. a few were
recently introduced for hidden. some go all the way back to when
libc.h defined CANCELPT_BEGIN and _END, and all (wrongly implemented)
cancellation points had to include it.
remaining spurious users are mostly callers of the LOCK/UNLOCK macros
and files that use the LFS64 macro to define the awful *64 aliases.
in a few places, new inclusion of libc.h is added because several
internal headers no longer implicitly include libc.h.
declarations for __lockfile and __unlockfile are moved from libc.h to
stdio_impl.h so that the latter does not need libc.h. putting them in
libc.h made no sense at all, since the macros in stdio_impl.h are
needed to use them correctly anyway.
commits leading up to this one have moved the vast majority of
libc-internal interface declarations to appropriate internal headers,
allowing them to be type-checked and setting the stage to limit their
visibility. the ones that have not yet been moved are mostly
namespace-protected aliases for standard/public interfaces, which
exist to facilitate implementing plain C functions in terms of POSIX
functionality, or C or POSIX functionality in terms of extensions that
are not standardized. some don't quite fit this description, but are
"internally public" interfacs between subsystems of libc.
rather than create a number of newly-named headers to declare these
functions, and having to add explicit include directives for them to
every source file where they're needed, I have introduced a method of
wrapping the corresponding public headers.
parallel to the public headers in $(srcdir)/include, we now have
wrappers in $(srcdir)/src/include that come earlier in the include
path order. they include the public header they're wrapping, then add
declarations for namespace-protected versions of the same interfaces
and any "internally public" interfaces for the subsystem they
along these lines, the wrapper for features.h is now responsible for
the definition of the hidden, weak, and weak_alias macros. this means
source files will no longer need to include any special headers to
access these features.
over time, it is my expectation that the scope of what is "internally
public" will expand, reducing the number of source files which need to
include *_impl.h and related headers down to those which are actually
implementing the corresponding subsystems, not just using them.
this is the second phase of the "resolver overhaul" project.
the key additions in this commit are the __res_msend and __res_mkquery
functions, which have been factored so as to provide a backend for
both the legacy res_* functions and the standard getaddrinfo and
getnameinfo functions. the latter however are still using the old
backend code; there is code duplication which still needs to be
removed, and this will be the next phase of the resolver overhaul.
__res_msend is derived from the old __dns_doqueries function, but
generalized to send arbitrary caller-provided packets in parallel
rather than producing the parallel queries itself. this allows it to
be used (completely trivially) as a backend for res_send. the
factored-out query generation code, with slightly more generality, is
now part of __res_mkquery.
we do not bother making h_errno thread-local since the only interfaces
that use it are inherently non-thread-safe. but still use the
potentially-thread-local ABI to access it just to avoid lock-in.