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Some declarations of __tls_get_new were left in the code, even
though the definition got removed in
install dynamic tls synchronously at dlopen, streamline access
this can make the build fail with
ld: lib/libc.so: hidden symbol `__tls_get_new' isn't defined
when libc.so is linked without --gc-sections, because a .hidden
declaration in asm code creates a reference even if the symbol
is not actually used.
previously, dynamic loading of new libraries with thread-local storage
allocated the storage needed for all existing threads at load-time,
precluding late failure that can't be handled, but left installation
in existing threads to take place lazily on first access. this imposed
an additional memory access and branch on every dynamic tls access,
and imposed a requirement, which was not actually met, that the
dynamic tlsdesc asm functions preserve all call-clobbered registers
before calling C code to to install new dynamic tls on first access.
the x86[_64] versions of this code wrongly omitted saving and
restoring of fpu/vector registers, assuming the compiler would not
generate anything using them in the called C code. the arm and aarch64
versions saved known existing registers, but failed to be future-proof
against expansion of the register file.
now that we track live threads in a list, it's possible to install the
new dynamic tls for each thread at dlopen time. for the most part,
synchronization is not needed, because if a thread has not
synchronized with completion of the dlopen, there is no way it can
meaningfully request access to a slot past the end of the old dtv,
which remains valid for accessing slots which already existed.
however, it is necessary to ensure that, if a thread sees its new dtv
pointer, it sees correct pointers in each of the slots that existed
prior to the dlopen. my understanding is that, on most real-world
coherency architectures including all the ones we presently support, a
built-in consume order guarantees this; however, don't rely on that.
instead, the SYS_membarrier syscall is used to ensure that all threads
see the stores to the slots of their new dtv prior to the installation
of the new dtv. if it is not supported, the same is implemented in
userspace via signals, using the same mechanism as __synccall.
the __tls_get_addr function, variants, and dynamic tlsdesc asm
functions are all updated to remove the fallback paths for claiming
new dynamic tls, and are now all branch-free.
these functions are never called directly; only their addresses are
used, so PLT indirections should never happen unless a broken
application tries to redefine them, but it's still best to make them
previously, the dynamic tlsdesc lookup functions and the i386
special-ABI ___tls_get_addr (3 underscores) function called
__tls_get_addr when the slot they wanted was not already setup;
__tls_get_addr would then in turn also see that it's not setup and
calling __tls_get_new directly is both more efficient and avoids the
issue of calling a non-hidden (public API/ABI) function from asm.
for the special i386 function, a weak reference to __tls_get_new is
used since this function is not defined when static linking (the code
path that needs it is unreachable in static-linked programs).
this overhaul further reduces the amount of arch-specific code needed
by the dynamic linker and removes a number of assumptions, including:
- that symbolic function references inside libc are bound at link time
via the linker option -Bsymbolic-functions.
- that libc functions used by the dynamic linker do not require
access to data symbols.
- that static/internal function calls and data accesses can be made
without performing any relocations, or that arch-specific startup
code handled any such relocations needed.
removing these assumptions paves the way for allowing libc.so itself
to be built with stack protector (among other things), and is achieved
by a three-stage bootstrap process:
1. relative relocations are processed with a flat function.
2. symbolic relocations are processed with no external calls/data.
3. main program and dependency libs are processed with a
reduction in arch-specific code is achived through the following:
- crt_arch.h, used for generating crt1.o, now provides the entry point
for the dynamic linker too.
- asm is no longer responsible for skipping the beginning of argv
when ldso is invoked as a command.
- the functionality previously provided by __reloc_self for heavily
GOT-dependent RISC archs is now the arch-agnostic stage-1.
- arch-specific relocation type codes are mapped directly as macros
rather than via an inline translation function/switch statement.
the main motivation for this change is to aid in debugging. since the
main program's entry point is also named _start, it was difficult to
set breakpoints or quickly identify which _start execution stopped in.
two actual issues: one is that __dynlink no longer wants/needs a GOT
pointer argument, so the code to generate that argument can be
removed. the other issue was that in the i386 code, argc/argv were
being loaded into registers that would be call-clobbered, then copied
to preserved registers, rather than just being loaded into the proper
call-preserved registers to begin with.
this cleanup is in preparation for adding new dynamic linker
functionality (ability to explicitly invoke the dynamic linker to run
the return address was being truncated to 32 bits, preventing the
dlsym code from determining which module contains the calling code.
the asm wrapper is needed to get the return address without
leaving it uninitialized caused unpredictable crashes or worse due to
calling an indeterminate function pointer.
- library search path is hard coded
- x86_64 code is untested and may not work
- dlopen/dlsym is not yet implemented
- relocations in read-only memory won't work