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libc.h was intended to be a header for access to global libc state and
related interfaces, but ended up included all over the place because
it was the way to get the weak_alias macro. most of the inclusions
removed here are places where weak_alias was needed. a few were
recently introduced for hidden. some go all the way back to when
libc.h defined CANCELPT_BEGIN and _END, and all (wrongly implemented)
cancellation points had to include it.
remaining spurious users are mostly callers of the LOCK/UNLOCK macros
and files that use the LFS64 macro to define the awful *64 aliases.
in a few places, new inclusion of libc.h is added because several
internal headers no longer implicitly include libc.h.
declarations for __lockfile and __unlockfile are moved from libc.h to
stdio_impl.h so that the latter does not need libc.h. putting them in
libc.h made no sense at all, since the macros in stdio_impl.h are
needed to use them correctly anyway.
commits leading up to this one have moved the vast majority of
libc-internal interface declarations to appropriate internal headers,
allowing them to be type-checked and setting the stage to limit their
visibility. the ones that have not yet been moved are mostly
namespace-protected aliases for standard/public interfaces, which
exist to facilitate implementing plain C functions in terms of POSIX
functionality, or C or POSIX functionality in terms of extensions that
are not standardized. some don't quite fit this description, but are
"internally public" interfacs between subsystems of libc.
rather than create a number of newly-named headers to declare these
functions, and having to add explicit include directives for them to
every source file where they're needed, I have introduced a method of
wrapping the corresponding public headers.
parallel to the public headers in $(srcdir)/include, we now have
wrappers in $(srcdir)/src/include that come earlier in the include
path order. they include the public header they're wrapping, then add
declarations for namespace-protected versions of the same interfaces
and any "internally public" interfaces for the subsystem they
along these lines, the wrapper for features.h is now responsible for
the definition of the hidden, weak, and weak_alias macros. this means
source files will no longer need to include any special headers to
access these features.
over time, it is my expectation that the scope of what is "internally
public" will expand, reducing the number of source files which need to
include *_impl.h and related headers down to those which are actually
implementing the corresponding subsystems, not just using them.
Rewrite environment access functions to slim down code, fix bugs and
avoid invoking undefined behavior.
* avoid using int-typed iterators where size_t would be correct;
* use strncmp instead of memcmp consistently;
* tighten prologues by invoking __strchrnul;
* handle NULL environ.
* handle "=value" input via unsetenv too (will return -1/EINVAL);
* rewrite and simplify __putenv; fix the leak caused by failure to
deallocate entry added by preceding setenv when called from putenv.
* move management of libc-allocated entries to this translation unit,
and use no-op weak symbols in putenv/unsetenv;
* rewrite; this fixes UB caused by testing a free'd pointer against
NULL on entry to subsequent loops.
Failure to extend allocation tracking array (previously __env_map, now
env_alloced) is ignored rather than causing to report -1/ENOMEM to the
caller; the worst-case consequence is leaking this allocation when it
is removed or replaced in a subsequent environment access.
Initially UB in unsetenv was reported by Alexander Cherepanov.
Using a weak alias to avoid pulling in malloc via unsetenv was
suggested by Rich Felker.
This is the minimal fix for __putenv leaving a pointer to freed heap
storage in __env_map array, which could later on lead to errors such
the behavior of putenv is left undefined if the argument does not
contain an equal sign, but traditional implementations behave this way
and gnulib replaces putenv if it doesn't do this.