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this cleans up what had become widespread direct inline use of "GNU C"
style attributes directly in the source, and lowers the barrier to
increased use of hidden visibility, which will be useful to recovering
some of the efficiency lost when the protected visibility hack was
dropped in commit dc2f368e565c37728b0d620380b849c3a1ddd78f, especially
on archs where the PLT ABI is costly.
Due to a missing ":" in an asm() statement, the "memory" clobber is
considered by gcc as an input operand and not a clobber, which causes a
sh needs runtime-selected atomic backends since there are a number of
supported models that use non-forwards-compatible (non-smp-compatible)
atomic mechanisms. previously, the code paths for this were highly
inefficient since they involved C function calls with multiple
branches in the callee and heavy spills in the caller. the new code
performs calls the runtime-selected asm fragment from inline asm with
extremely minimal clobbers, rather than using a function call.
for the sh4a case where the atomic mechanism is known and there is no
forward-compatibility issue, the movli.l and movco.l instructions are
provided as a_ll and a_sc, allowing the new shared atomic.h to
generate efficient inline versions of all the basic atomic operations
without needing a cas loop.
rather than having each arch provide its own atomic.h, there is a new
shared atomic.h in src/internal which pulls arch-specific definitions
from arc/$(ARCH)/atomic_arch.h. the latter can be extremely minimal,
defining only a_cas or new ll/sc type primitives which the shared
atomic.h will use to construct everything else.
this commit avoids making heavy changes to the individual archs'
atomic implementations. definitions which are identical or
near-identical to what the new shared atomic.h would produce have been
removed, but otherwise the changes made are just hooking up the
arch-specific files to the new infrastructure. major changes to take
advantage of the new system will come in subsequent commits.