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path: root/src/math/k_tan.c
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 ```1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 ``` ``````/* @(#)k_tan.c 1.5 04/04/22 SMI */ /* * ==================================================== * Copyright 2004 Sun Microsystems, Inc. All Rights Reserved. * * Permission to use, copy, modify, and distribute this * software is freely granted, provided that this notice * is preserved. * ==================================================== */ /* __kernel_tan( x, y, k ) * kernel tan function on [-pi/4, pi/4], pi/4 ~ 0.7854 * Input x is assumed to be bounded by ~pi/4 in magnitude. * Input y is the tail of x. * Input k indicates whether tan (if k = 1) or -1/tan (if k = -1) is returned. * * Algorithm * 1. Since tan(-x) = -tan(x), we need only to consider positive x. * 2. if x < 2^-28 (hx<0x3e300000 0), return x with inexact if x!=0. * 3. tan(x) is approximated by a odd polynomial of degree 27 on * [0,0.67434] * 3 27 * tan(x) ~ x + T1*x + ... + T13*x * where * * |tan(x) 2 4 26 | -59.2 * |----- - (1+T1*x +T2*x +.... +T13*x )| <= 2 * | x | * * Note: tan(x+y) = tan(x) + tan'(x)*y * ~ tan(x) + (1+x*x)*y * Therefore, for better accuracy in computing tan(x+y), let * 3 2 2 2 2 * r = x *(T2+x *(T3+x *(...+x *(T12+x *T13)))) * then * 3 2 * tan(x+y) = x + (T1*x + (x *(r+y)+y)) * * 4. For x in [0.67434,pi/4], let y = pi/4 - x, then * tan(x) = tan(pi/4-y) = (1-tan(y))/(1+tan(y)) * = 1 - 2*(tan(y) - (tan(y)^2)/(1+tan(y))) */ #include #include "math_private.h" static const double xxx[] = { 3.33333333333334091986e-01, /* 3FD55555, 55555563 */ 1.33333333333201242699e-01, /* 3FC11111, 1110FE7A */ 5.39682539762260521377e-02, /* 3FABA1BA, 1BB341FE */ 2.18694882948595424599e-02, /* 3F9664F4, 8406D637 */ 8.86323982359930005737e-03, /* 3F8226E3, E96E8493 */ 3.59207910759131235356e-03, /* 3F6D6D22, C9560328 */ 1.45620945432529025516e-03, /* 3F57DBC8, FEE08315 */ 5.88041240820264096874e-04, /* 3F4344D8, F2F26501 */ 2.46463134818469906812e-04, /* 3F3026F7, 1A8D1068 */ 7.81794442939557092300e-05, /* 3F147E88, A03792A6 */ 7.14072491382608190305e-05, /* 3F12B80F, 32F0A7E9 */ -1.85586374855275456654e-05, /* BEF375CB, DB605373 */ 2.59073051863633712884e-05, /* 3EFB2A70, 74BF7AD4 */ /* one */ 1.00000000000000000000e+00, /* 3FF00000, 00000000 */ /* pio4 */ 7.85398163397448278999e-01, /* 3FE921FB, 54442D18 */ /* pio4lo */ 3.06161699786838301793e-17 /* 3C81A626, 33145C07 */ }; #define one xxx[13] #define pio4 xxx[14] #define pio4lo xxx[15] #define T xxx /* INDENT ON */ double __kernel_tan(double x, double y, int iy) { double z, r, v, w, s; int32_t ix, hx; GET_HIGH_WORD(hx,x); ix = hx & 0x7fffffff; /* high word of |x| */ if (ix < 0x3e300000) { /* x < 2**-28 */ if ((int) x == 0) { /* generate inexact */ uint32_t low; GET_LOW_WORD(low,x); if (((ix | low) | (iy + 1)) == 0) return one / fabs(x); else { if (iy == 1) return x; else { /* compute -1 / (x+y) carefully */ double a, t; z = w = x + y; SET_LOW_WORD(z, 0); v = y - (z - x); t = a = -one / w; SET_LOW_WORD(t, 0); s = one + t * z; return t + a * (s + t * v); } } } } if (ix >= 0x3FE59428) { /* |x| >= 0.6744 */ if (hx < 0) { x = -x; y = -y; } z = pio4 - x; w = pio4lo - y; x = z + w; y = 0.0; } z = x * x; w = z * z; /* * Break x^5*(T[1]+x^2*T[2]+...) into * x^5(T[1]+x^4*T[3]+...+x^20*T[11]) + * x^5(x^2*(T[2]+x^4*T[4]+...+x^22*[T12])) */ r = T[1] + w * (T[3] + w * (T[5] + w * (T[7] + w * (T[9] + w * T[11])))); v = z * (T[2] + w * (T[4] + w * (T[6] + w * (T[8] + w * (T[10] + w * T[12]))))); s = z * x; r = y + z * (s * (r + v) + y); r += T[0] * s; w = x + r; if (ix >= 0x3FE59428) { v = (double) iy; return (double) (1 - ((hx >> 30) & 2)) * (v - 2.0 * (x - (w * w / (w + v) - r))); } if (iy == 1) return w; else { /* * if allow error up to 2 ulp, simply return * -1.0 / (x+r) here */ /* compute -1.0 / (x+r) accurately */ double a, t; z = w; SET_LOW_WORD(z,0); v = r - (z - x); /* z+v = r+x */ t = a = -1.0 / w; /* a = -1.0/w */ SET_LOW_WORD(t,0); s = 1.0 + t * z; return t + a * (s + t * v); } } ``````