summaryrefslogtreecommitdiff
path: root/src/math/x32/expl.s
blob: 369f7bd2167b562163233a868bc0091b3bb32740 (plain)
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
90
91
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
99
100
101
# exp(x) = 2^hi + 2^hi (2^lo - 1)
# where hi+lo = log2e*x with 128bit precision
# exact log2e*x calculation depends on nearest rounding mode
# using the exact multiplication method of Dekker and Veltkamp

.global expl
.type expl,@function
expl:
	fldt 8(%esp)

		# interesting case: 0x1p-32 <= |x| < 16384
		# check if (exponent|0x8000) is in [0xbfff-32, 0xbfff+13]
	mov 16(%esp), %ax
	or $0x8000, %ax
	sub $0xbfdf, %ax
	cmp $45, %ax
	jbe 2f
	test %ax, %ax
	fld1
	js 1f
		# if |x|>=0x1p14 or nan return 2^trunc(x)
	fscale
	fstp %st(1)
	ret
		# if |x|<0x1p-32 return 1+x
1:	faddp
	ret

		# should be 0x1.71547652b82fe178p0L == 0x3fff b8aa3b29 5c17f0bc
		# it will be wrong on non-nearest rounding mode
2:	fldl2e
	sub $48, %esp
		# hi = log2e_hi*x
		# 2^hi = exp2l(hi)
	fmul %st(1),%st
	fld %st(0)
	fstpt (%esp)
	fstpt 16(%esp)
	fstpt 32(%esp)
	call exp2l@PLT
		# if 2^hi == inf return 2^hi
	fld %st(0)
	fstpt (%esp)
	cmpw $0x7fff, 8(%esp)
	je 1f
	fldt 32(%esp)
	fldt 16(%esp)
		# fpu stack: 2^hi x hi
		# exact mult: x*log2e
	fld %st(1)
		# c = 0x1p32+1
	movq $0x41f0000000100000,%rax
	pushq %rax
	fldl (%esp)
		# xh = x - c*x + c*x
		# xl = x - xh
	fmulp
	fld %st(2)
	fsub %st(1), %st
	faddp
	fld %st(2)
	fsub %st(1), %st
		# yh = log2e_hi - c*log2e_hi + c*log2e_hi
	movq $0x3ff7154765200000,%rax
	pushq %rax
	fldl (%esp)
		# fpu stack: 2^hi x hi xh xl yh
		# lo = hi - xh*yh + xl*yh
	fld %st(2)
	fmul %st(1), %st
	fsubp %st, %st(4)
	fmul %st(1), %st
	faddp %st, %st(3)
		# yl = log2e_hi - yh
	movq $0x3de705fc2f000000,%rax
	pushq %rax
	fldl (%esp)
		# fpu stack: 2^hi x lo xh xl yl
		# lo += xh*yl + xl*yl
	fmul %st, %st(2)
	fmulp %st, %st(1)
	fxch %st(2)
	faddp
	faddp
		# log2e_lo
	movq $0xbfbe,%rax
	pushq %rax
	movq $0x82f0025f2dc582ee,%rax
	pushq %rax
	fldt (%esp)
	add $40,%esp
		# fpu stack: 2^hi x lo log2e_lo
		# lo += log2e_lo*x
		# return 2^hi + 2^hi (2^lo - 1)
	fmulp %st, %st(2)
	faddp
	f2xm1
	fmul %st(1), %st
	faddp
1:	add $48, %esp
	ret