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/* @(#)e_fmod.c 1.3 95/01/18 */
/*-
 * ====================================================
 * Copyright (C) 1993 by Sun Microsystems, Inc. All rights reserved.
 *
 * Developed at SunSoft, a Sun Microsystems, Inc. business.
 * Permission to use, copy, modify, and distribute this
 * software is freely granted, provided that this notice 
 * is preserved.
 * ====================================================
 */

#include <math.h>
#include "math_private.h"

static const double Zero[] = {0.0, -0.0,};

/*
 * Return the IEEE remainder and set *quo to the last n bits of the
 * quotient, rounded to the nearest integer.  We choose n=31 because
 * we wind up computing all the integer bits of the quotient anyway as
 * a side-effect of computing the remainder by the shift and subtract
 * method.  In practice, this is far more bits than are needed to use
 * remquo in reduction algorithms.
 */
double
remquo(double x, double y, int *quo)
{
        int32_t n,hx,hy,hz,ix,iy,sx,i;
        uint32_t lx,ly,lz,q,sxy;

        EXTRACT_WORDS(hx,lx,x);
        EXTRACT_WORDS(hy,ly,y);
        sxy = (hx ^ hy) & 0x80000000;
        sx = hx&0x80000000;             /* sign of x */
        hx ^=sx;                /* |x| */
        hy &= 0x7fffffff;       /* |y| */

    /* purge off exception values */
        if((hy|ly)==0||(hx>=0x7ff00000)||       /* y=0,or x not finite */
          ((hy|((ly|-ly)>>31))>0x7ff00000))     /* or y is NaN */
            return (x*y)/(x*y);
        if(hx<=hy) {
            if((hx<hy)||(lx<ly)) {
                q = 0;
                goto fixup;     /* |x|<|y| return x or x-y */
            }
            if(lx==ly) {
                *quo = 1;
                return Zero[(uint32_t)sx>>31]; /* |x|=|y| return x*0*/
            }
        }

    /* determine ix = ilogb(x) */
        if(hx<0x00100000) {     /* subnormal x */
            if(hx==0) {
                for (ix = -1043, i=lx; i>0; i<<=1) ix -=1;
            } else {
                for (ix = -1022,i=(hx<<11); i>0; i<<=1) ix -=1;
            }
        } else ix = (hx>>20)-1023;

    /* determine iy = ilogb(y) */
        if(hy<0x00100000) {     /* subnormal y */
            if(hy==0) {
                for (iy = -1043, i=ly; i>0; i<<=1) iy -=1;
            } else {
                for (iy = -1022,i=(hy<<11); i>0; i<<=1) iy -=1;
            }
        } else iy = (hy>>20)-1023;

    /* set up {hx,lx}, {hy,ly} and align y to x */
        if(ix >= -1022) 
            hx = 0x00100000|(0x000fffff&hx);
        else {          /* subnormal x, shift x to normal */
            n = -1022-ix;
            if(n<=31) {
                hx = (hx<<n)|(lx>>(32-n));
                lx <<= n;
            } else {
                hx = lx<<(n-32);
                lx = 0;
            }
        }
        if(iy >= -1022) 
            hy = 0x00100000|(0x000fffff&hy);
        else {          /* subnormal y, shift y to normal */
            n = -1022-iy;
            if(n<=31) {
                hy = (hy<<n)|(ly>>(32-n));
                ly <<= n;
            } else {
                hy = ly<<(n-32);
                ly = 0;
            }
        }

    /* fix point fmod */
        n = ix - iy;
        q = 0;
        while(n--) {
            hz=hx-hy;lz=lx-ly; if(lx<ly) hz -= 1;
            if(hz<0){hx = hx+hx+(lx>>31); lx = lx+lx;}
            else {hx = hz+hz+(lz>>31); lx = lz+lz; q++;}
            q <<= 1;
        }
        hz=hx-hy;lz=lx-ly; if(lx<ly) hz -= 1;
        if(hz>=0) {hx=hz;lx=lz;q++;}

    /* convert back to floating value and restore the sign */
        if((hx|lx)==0) {                        /* return sign(x)*0 */
            *quo = (sxy ? -q : q);
            return Zero[(uint32_t)sx>>31];
        }
        while(hx<0x00100000) {          /* normalize x */
            hx = hx+hx+(lx>>31); lx = lx+lx;
            iy -= 1;
        }
        if(iy>= -1022) {        /* normalize output */
            hx = ((hx-0x00100000)|((iy+1023)<<20));
        } else {                /* subnormal output */
            n = -1022 - iy;
            if(n<=20) {
                lx = (lx>>n)|((uint32_t)hx<<(32-n));
                hx >>= n;
            } else if (n<=31) {
                lx = (hx<<(32-n))|(lx>>n); hx = sx;
            } else {
                lx = hx>>(n-32); hx = sx;
            }
        }
fixup:
        INSERT_WORDS(x,hx,lx);
        y = fabs(y);
        if (y < 0x1p-1021) {
            if (x+x>y || (x+x==y && (q & 1))) {
                q++;
                x-=y;
            }
        } else if (x>0.5*y || (x==0.5*y && (q & 1))) {
            q++;
            x-=y;
        }
        GET_HIGH_WORD(hx,x);
        SET_HIGH_WORD(x,hx^sx);
        q &= 0x7fffffff;
        *quo = (sxy ? -q : q);
        return x;
}