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with these changes, the character set implemented as "big5" in musl is
a pure superset of cp950, the canonical "big5", and agrees with the
normative parts of Unicode. this means it has minor differences from
both hkscs and big5-2003:
- the range A2CC-A2CE maps to CJK ideographs rather than numerals,
contrary to changes made in big5-2003.
- C6CD maps to a CJK ideograph rather than its corresponding Kangxi
radical character, contrary to changes made in hkscs.
- F9FE maps to U+2593 rather than U+FFED.
of these differences, none but the last are visually distinct, and the
last is a character used purely for text-based graphics, not to convey
should there be future demand for strict conformance to big5-2003 or
hkscs mappings, the present charset aliases can be replaced with
reportedly there are other non-standard big5 extensions in common use
in Taiwan and perhaps elsewhere, which could also be added as layers
on top of the existing big5 support.
there may be additional characters which should be added to the hkscs
table: the whatwg standard for big5 defines what appears to be a
superset of hkscs.
patch by nsz. I've tested it on an armhf machine and it seems to be
apparently this label change was not carried over when adapting the
changes from the i386 version.
if FLT_EVAL_METHOD!=0 check if (double)(1/x) is subnormal and not a
power of 2 (if 1/x is power of 2 then either it is exact or the
long double to double rounding already raised inexact and underflow)
* remove volatile hacks
* don't care about inexact flag for now (removed all the +-tiny)
* fix atanl to raise underflow properly
* remove signed int arithmetics
* use pi/2 instead of pi_o_2 (gcc generates the same code, which is not
correct, but it does not matter: we mainly care about nearest rounding)
underflow is raised by an inexact subnormal float store,
since subnormal operations are slow, check the underflow
flag and skip the store if it's already raised
for these functions f(x)=x for small inputs, because f(0)=0 and
f'(0)=1, but for subnormal values they should raise the underflow
flag (required by annex F), if they are approximated by a polynomial
around 0 then spurious underflow should be avoided (not required by
all these functions should raise inexact flag for small x if x!=0,
but it's not required by the standard and it does not seem a worthy
goal, so support for it is removed in some cases.
- x*x may not raise underflow for subnormal x if FLT_EVAL_METHOD!=0
- x*x may raise spurious underflow for normal x if FLT_EVAL_METHOD==0
- in case of double subnormal x, store x as float
- in case of float subnormal x, store x*x as float
there are two possible points where the length is evaluated: either
the first 'compression' jump, or the null terminator if no jumps have
taken place yet. the previous code only measured the length of the
the duplicate code in dn_expand and its incorrect return values are
both results of the history of the code: the version in __dns.c was
originally written with no awareness of the legacy resolver API, and
was later copy-and-paste duplicated to provide the legacy API.
this commit is the first of a series that will restructure the
internal dns code to share as much code as possible with the legacy
resolver API functions.
I have also removed the loop detection logic, since the output buffer
length limit naturally prevents loops. in order to avoid long runtime
when encountering a loop if the caller provided a ridiculously long
buffer, the caller-provided length is clamped at the maximum dns name
the approach of this implementation was heavily investigated prior to
adopting it. attempts to obtain similar performance with pure C code
were capping out at about 75% of the performance of the asm, with
considerably larger code size, and were fragile in that the compiler
would sometimes compile part of memcpy into a call to itself.
therefore, just using the asm seems to be the best option.
this commit is the first to make use of the new subarch-specific asm
framework. the new armel directory is the location for arm asm that
should not be used for all arm subarchs, only the default one. armhf
is the name of the little-endian hardfloat-ABI subarch, which can use
the exact same asm. in both cases, the build system finds the asm by
following a memcpy.sub file.
the other two subarchs, armeb and armebhf, would need a big-endian
variant of this code. it would not be hard to adapt the code to big
endian, but I will hold off on doing so until there is demand for it.
a mips signal mask contains 128 bits, enough for signals 1 through
128. however, the exit status obtained from the wait-family functions
only has room for values up to 127. reportedly signal 128 was causing
kernelspace bugs, so it was removed from the kernel recently; even
without that issue, however, it was impossible to support it correctly
at the same time, the bug was masked on musl by SIGRTMAX incorrectly
yielding 64 on mips, rather than the "correct" value of 128. now that
the _NSIG issue is fixed, SIGRTMAX can be fixed at the same time,
exposing the full range of signals for application use.
note that the (nonstandardized) libc _NSIG value is actually one
greater than the max signal number, and also one greater than the
kernel headers' idea of _NSIG. this is the reason for the discrepency
with the recent kernel changes. since reducing _NSIG by one brought it
down from 129 to 128, rather than from 128 to 127, _NSIG/8, used
widely in the musl sources, is unchanged.
this first commit just includes the CPU_* and sched_* interfaces, not
the pthread_* interfaces, which may be added later. simple
sanity-check testing has been done for the basic interfaces, but most
of the macros have not yet been tested.
the idea here is to avoid advertising signals that don't exist and to
make these functions safe to call (e.g. from within other parts of the
implementation) on fake sigset_t objects which do not have the HURD
the trick here is that sigaction can track for us which signals have
ever had a signal handler set for them, and only those signals need to
be considered for reset. this tracking mask may have false positives,
since it is impossible to remove bits from it without race conditions.
false negatives are not possible since the mask is updated with atomic
operations prior to making the sigaction syscall.
implementation-internal signals are set to SIG_IGN rather than SIG_DFL
so that a signal raised in the parent (e.g. calling pthread_cancel on
the thread executing pthread_spawn) does not have any chance make it
to the child, where it would cause spurious termination by signal.
this change reduces the minimum/typical number of syscalls in the
child from around 70 to 4 (including execve). this should greatly
improve the performance of posix_spawn and other interfaces which use
it (popen and system).
to facilitate these changes, sigismember is also changed to return 0
rather than -1 for invalid signals, and to return the actual status of
implementation-internal signals. POSIX allows but does not require an
error on invalid signal numbers, and in fact returning an error tends
to confuse applications which wrongly assume the return value of
sigismember is boolean.
failures prior to the exec attempt were reported correctly, but on
exec failure, the return value contained junk.
the child process's stack may be insufficient size to support a signal
frame, and there is no reason these signal handlers should run in the
there are several reasons for this. some of them are related to race
conditions that arise since fork is required to be async-signal-safe:
if fork or pthread_create is called from a signal handler after the
fork syscall has returned but before the subsequent userspace code has
finished, inconsistent state could result. also, there seem to be
kernel and/or strace bugs related to arrival of signals during fork,
at least on some versions, and simply blocking signals eliminates the
possibility of such bugs.
this commit does not add versioning support; it merely fixes incorrect
lookups of symbols in libraries that contain versioned symbols.
previously, the version information was completely ignored, and
empirically this seems to have resulted in the oldest version being
chosen, but I am uncertain if that behavior was even reliable.
the new behavior being introduced is to completely ignore symbols
which are marked "hidden" (this seems to be the confusing nomenclature
for non-current-version) when versioning is present. this should solve
all problems related to libraries with symbol versioning as long as
all binaries involved are up-to-date (compatible with the
latest-version symbols), and it's the needed behavior for dlsym under
at this point, it is just the common base charset equivalent to
Windows CP 950, with no further extensions. HKSCS and possibly other
supersets will be added later. other aliases may need to be added too.
the (obsolete) standard allows either 0 or 1 for the decimal point
location in this case, but since the number of zero digits returned in
the output string (in this implementation) is one more than the number
of digits the caller requested, it makes sense for the decimal point
to be logically "after" the first digit. in a sense, this change goes
with the previous commit which fixed the value of the decimal point
location for non-zero inputs.
these functions are obsolete and have no modern standard. the text in
SUSv2 is highly ambiguous, specifying that "negative means to the left
of the returned digits", which suggested to me that 0 would mean to
the right of the first digit. however, this does not agree with
historic practice, and the Linux man pages are more clear, specifying
that a negative value means "that the decimal point is to the left of
the start of the string" (in which case, 0 would mean the start of the
string, in accordance with historic practice).
like for other character sets, stateful iso-2022 form is not supported
yet but everything else should work. all charset aliases are treated
the same, as Windows codepage 949, because reportedly the EUC-KR
charset name is in widespread (mis?)usage in email and on the web for
data which actually uses the extended characters outside the standard
93x94 grid. this could easily be changed if desired.
the principle of this converter for handling the giant bulk of rare
Hangul syllables outside of the standard KS X 1001 93x94 grid is the
same as the GB18030 converter's treatment of non-explicitly-coded
Unicode codepoints: sequences in the extension range are mapped to an
integer index N, and the converter explicitly computes the Nth Hangul
syllable not explicitly encoded in the character map. empirically,
this requires at most 7 passes over the grid. this approach reduces
the table size required for Korean legacy encodings from roughly 44k
to 17k and should have minimal performance impact on real-world text
conversions since the "slow" characters are rare. where it does have
impact, the cost is merely a large constant time factor.
unblocking it in the pthread_once init function is not sufficient,
since multiple threads, some of them with the signal blocked, could
already exist before this is called; timers started from such threads
would be non-functional.
this is needed for reused threads in the SIGEV_THREAD timer
notification system, and could be reused elsewhere in the future if
needed, though it should be refactored for such use.
for static linking, __init_tls.c is simply modified to export the TLS
info in a structure with external linkage, rather than using statics.
this perhaps makes the code more clear, since the statics were poorly
named for statics. the new __reset_tls.c is only linked if it is used.
for dynamic linking, the code is in dynlink.c. sharing code with
__copy_tls is not practical since __reset_tls must also re-zero
1. the thread result field was reused for storing a kernel timer id,
but would be overwritten if the application code exited or cancelled
2. low pointer values were used as the indicator that the timer id is
a kernel timer id rather than a thread id. this is not portable, as
mmap may return low pointers on some conditions. instead, use the fact
that pointers must be aligned and kernel timer ids must be
non-negative to map pointers into the negative integer space.
3. signals were not blocked until after the timer thread started, so a
race condition could allow a signal handler to run in the timer thread
when it's not supposed to exist. this is mainly problematic if the
calling thread was the only thread where the signal was unblocked and
the signal handler assumes it runs in that thread.
this is another case of the kernel syscall failing to support flags
where it needs to, leading to horrible workarounds in userspace. this
time the workaround requires changing uid/gid, and that's not safe to
do in the current process. in the worst case, kernel resource limits
might prevent recovering the original values, and then there would be
no way to safely return. so, use the safe but horribly inefficient
alternative: forking. clone is used instead of fork to suppress
signals from the child.
fortunately this worst-case code is only needed when effective and
real ids mismatch, which mainly happens in suid programs.
it turns out Linux is buggy for faccessat, just like fchmodat: the
kernel does not actually take a flags argument. so we're going to have
to emulate it there.
this is mainly for ABI compat purposes.
this change is to align with a change in the glibc interface.
patch by nsz. the actual object the caller has storing the tree root
has type void *, so accessing it as struct node * is not valid.
instead, simply access the value, move it to a temporary of the
appropriate type and work from there, then move the result back.
check in configure to be polite (failing early if we're going to fail)
and in vfprintf.c since that is the point at which a mismatching type
would be extremely dangerous.
it was already declared in stdlib.h, but not defined anywhere.
this is a nonstandard extension.
on newer kernels, fchdir and fstat work anyway. this same fix should
be applied to any other syscalls that are similarly affected.
with this change, the current definitions of O_SEARCH and O_EXEC as
O_PATH are mostly conforming to POSIX requirements. the main remaining
issue is that O_NOFOLLOW has different semantics.
I intend to add more Linux workarounds that depend on using these
pathnames, and some of them will be in "syscall" functions that, from
an anti-bloat standpoint, should not depend on the whole snprintf
previously, the AT_SYMLINK_NOFOLLOW flag was ignored, giving
dangerously incorrect behavior -- the target of the symlink had its
modes changed to the modes (usually 0777) intended for the symlink).
this issue was amplified by the fact that musl provides lchmod, as a
wrapper for fchmodat, which some archival programs take as a sign that
symlink modes are supported and thus attempt to use.
emulating AT_SYMLINK_NOFOLLOW was a difficult problem, and I
originally believed it could not be solved, at least not without
depending on kernels newer than 3.5.x or so where O_PATH works halfway
well. however, it turns out that accessing O_PATH file descriptors via
their pseudo-symlink entries in /proc/self/fd works much better than
trying to use the fd directly, and works even on older kernels.
moreover, the kernel has permanently pegged these references to the
inode obtained by the O_PATH open, so there should not be race
conditions with the file being moved, deleted, replaced, etc.
this is the modern way, and the only way that makes any sense. glibc
has this complicated mechanism with RPATH and RUNPATH that controls
whether RPATH is processed before or after LD_LIBRARY_PATH, presumably
to support legacy binaries, but there is no compelling reason to
support this, and better behavior is obtained by just fixing the
this fixes an oversight in the previous commit.
previously, errno could be meaningless when the caller wrote it to the
dlerror string or stderr. try to make it meaningful. also, fix
incorrect check for over-long program headers and instead actually
support them by allocating memory if needed.
this can only happen for invalid library files, but they were not
detected reliably because the variable was uninitialized.
the access function cannot be used to check for existence, because it
operates using real uid/gid rather than effective to determine
accessibility; this matters for the non-final path components.
instead, use stat. failure of stat is success if only the final
component is missing (ENOENT) and otherwise is failure.