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aside from theoretical arbitrary results due to UB, this could
practically cause unbounded overflow of static array if hit, but
hitting it depends on having more than 32 calls to at_quick_exit and
having them sufficiently often.
notes added by maintainer:
the '-' specifier allows default padding to be suppressed, and '_'
allows padding with spaces instead of the default (zeros).
these extensions seem to be included in several other implementations
including FreeBSD and derivatives, and Solaris. while portable
software should not depend on them, time format strings are often
exposed to the user for configurable time display. reportedly some
python programs also use and depend on them.
notes added by maintainer:
this function is a GNU extension. it was chosen over the similar BSD
function funopen because the latter depends on fpos_t being an
arithmetic type as part of its public API, conflicting with our
definition of fpos_t and with the intent that it be an opaque type. it
was accepted for inclusion because, despite not being widely used, it
is usually very difficult to extricate software using it from the
dependency on it.
calling pattern for the read and write callbacks is not likely to
match glibc or other implementations, but should work with any
reasonable callbacks. in particular the read function is never called
without at least one byte being needed to satisfy its caller, so that
spurious blocking is not introduced.
contracts for what callbacks called from inside libc/stdio can do are
always complicated, and at some point still need to be specified
explicitly. at the very least, the callbacks must return or block
indefinitely (they cannot perform nonlocal exits) and they should not
make calls to stdio using their own FILE as an argument.
previously, fgetwc left all but the first byte of an illegal sequence
unread (available for subsequent calls) when reading out of the FILE
buffer, but dropped all bytes contibuting to the error when falling
back to reading a byte at a time. neither behavior was ideal. in the
buffered case, each malformed character produced one error per byte,
rather than one per character. in the unbuffered case, consuming the
last byte that caused the transition from "incomplete" to "invalid"
state potentially dropped (and produced additional spurious encoding
errors for) the next valid character.
to handle both cases uniformly without duplicate code, revise the
buffered case to only cover situations where a complete and valid
character is present in the buffer, and fall back to byte-at-a-time
for all other cases. this allows using mbtowc (stateless) instead of
mbrtowc, which may slightly improve performance too.
when an encoding error has been hit in the byte-at-a-time case, leave
the final byte that produced the error unread (via ungetc) except in
the case of single-byte errors (for UTF-8, bytes c0, c1, f5-ff, and
continuation bytes with no lead byte). single-byte errors are fully
consumed so as not to leave the caller in an infinite loop repeating
the same error.
none of these changes are distinguished from a conformance standpoint,
since the file position is unspecified after encoding errors. they are
intended merely as QoI/consistency improvements.
fgetwc does not set the stream's error indicator on encoding errors,
making ferror insufficient to distinguish between error and eof
conditions. feof is also insufficient, since it will return true if
the file ended with a partial character encoding error.
whether fgetwc should be setting the error indicator itself is a
question with conflicting answers. the POSIX text for the function
states it as a requirement, but the ISO C text seems to require that
it not. this may be revisited in the future based on the outcome of
Austin Group issue #1170.
Update the buffer position according to the bytes consumed into st when
decoding an incomplete character at the end of the buffer.
these encodings are still commonly used in messaging protocols and
such. the reverse mapping is implemented as a binary search of a list
of the jis 0208 characters in unicode order; the existing forward
table is used to perform the comparison in the search.
previously, 8-bit codepages could only remap the high 128 bytes; the
low range was assumed/forced to agree with ascii. interpretation of
codepage table headers has been changed so that it's possible to
represent mappings for up to 256 slots (fewer if the initial portion
of the map is elided because it coincides with unicode codepoints).
this requires consuming a bit more of the 10-bit space of characters
that can be represented in 8-bit codepages, but there's still a plenty
left. the size of the legacy_chars table is actually reduced now by
eliding the first 256 entries and considering them to map implicitly
via the identity map.
before these changes, there seem to have been minor bugs/omissions in
codepage table generation, so it's likely that some actual bug fixes
are silently included in this commit. round-trip testing of a few
codepages was performed on the new version of the code, but no
differential testing against the old version was done.
the new version of the code used to generate these tables forces a
newline every 256 entries, whereas at the time these files were
originally generated and committed, it only wrapped them at 80
columns. the new behavior ensures that localized changes to the
tables, if they are ever needed, will produce localized diffs. other
tables including hkscs were already committed in the new format.
binary comparison of the generated object files was performed to
confirm that no spurious changes slipped in.
If the syscall fails, errno must be set correctly for the caller.
There's no guarantee that the handlers registered with pthread_atfork
won't clobber errno, so we need to ensure it gets set after they are
this implementation aims to match the baseline defined by rfc1468 (the
original mime charset definition) plus the halfwidth katakana
extension included in the whatwg definition of the charset. rejection
of si/so controls and newlines in doublebyte state are not currently
enforced. the jis x 0201 mode is currently interpreted as having the
yen sign and overline character in place of backslash and tilde; ascii
mode has the standard ascii characters in those slots.
assuming pointers obtained from malloc have some nonzero alignment,
repurpose the low bit of iconv_t as an indicator that the descriptor
is a stateless value representing the source and destination character
the special case where mbrtowc returns 0 but consumed 1 byte of input
does not need to be considered, because the short-circuit for low
bytes already covered that case.
short-circuiting low bytes before the switch precluded support for
character encodings that don't coincide with ascii in this range. this
limitation affected iso-2022 encodings, which use the esc byte to
introduce a shift sequence, and things like ebcdic.
this is in preparation to support stateful conversion descriptors,
which are necessarily allocated and thus must be freed in iconv_close.
putting it in a separate TU will avoid pulling in free if iconv_close
is not referenced.
this change is made to avoid having assumptions about the encoding
spread out across the file, and to facilitate future change to a form
that can accommodate allocted, stateful descriptors when needed.
this commit should not produce any functional changes; with the
compiler tested the only change to code generation was minor
reordering of local variables on stack.
If AI_NUMERICSERV is specified and a numeric service was not provided,
POSIX mandates getaddrinfo return EAI_NONAME. EAI_SERVICE is only for
services that cannot be used on the specified socket type.
commit a6054e3c94aa0491d7366e4b05ae0d73f661bfe2 changed this function
not to take an argument, but the weak definition used by timer_create
was not updated to match.
reported by Pascal Cuoq.
the resolution to Austin Group issue #411 defined new semantics for
the posix_spawn dup2 file action in the (previously useless) case
where src and dest fd are equal. future issues will require the dup2
file action to remove the close-on-exec flag. without this change,
passing fds to a child with posix_spawn while avoiding fd-leak races
in a multithreaded parent required a complex dance with temporary fds.
based on patch by Petr Skocik. changes were made to preserve the
80-column formatting of the function and to remove code that became
unreachable as a result of the new functionality.
commit 8c4be3e2209d2a1d3874b8bc2b474668fcbbbac6 was written to
preclude the GLOB_PERIOD extension from matching these directory
entries, but also precluded literal matches.
adjust the check that excludes . and .. to check whether the
GLOB_PERIOD flag is in effect, so that it cannot alter behavior in
cases governed by the standard, and also don't exclude . or .. in any
case where normal glob behavior (fnmatch's FNM_PERIOD flag) would have
included one or both of them (patterns such as ".*").
it's still not clear whether this is the preferred behavior for
GLOB_PERIOD, but at least it's clear that it can no longer break
applications which are not relying on quirks of a nonstandard feature.
execvpe stack-allocates a buffer used to hold the full path
(combination of a PATH entry and the program name)
while searching through $PATH, so at least
NAME_MAX+PATH_MAX is needed.
The stack size can be made conditionally smaller
(the current 1024 appears appropriate)
should this larger size be burdensome in those situations.
MAXADDRS was chosen not to need enforcement, but the logic used to
compute it assumes the answers received match the RR types of the
queries. specifically, it assumes that only one replu contains A
record answers. if the replies to both the A and the AAAA query have
their answer sections filled with A records, MAXADDRS can be exceeded
and clobber the stack of the calling function.
this bug was found and reported by Felix Wilhelm.
the rightmost '/' character is not necessarily the delimiter before
the basename; it could be a spurious trailing character on the
this change does not introduce any normalization of pathnames or
stripping of trailing slashes, contrary to at least glibc and perhaps
other implementations; it jusst prevents their presence from breaking
things. whether further changes should be made is an open question
that may depend on conformance and/or application compatibility
based loosely on patch by Joakim Sindholt.
calling __unlock on t->exitlock is not valid because __unlock reads
the waiters count after making the atomic store that could allow
pthread_exit to continue and unmap the thread's stack and the object t
points to. for now, inline the __unlock logic with an unconditional
futex wake operation so that the waiters count is not needed.
once __lock/__unlock have been made safe for self-synchronized
destruction, we could switch back to using them.
the freebsd fma code failed to raise underflow exception in some
cases in nearest rounding mode (affects fmal too) e.g.
fma(-0x1p-1000, 0x1.000001p-74, 0x1p-1022)
and the inexact exception may be raised spuriously since the fenv
is not saved/restored around the exact multiplication algorithm
(affects x86 fma too).
another issue is that the underflow behaviour when the rounded result
is the minimal normal number is target dependent, ieee754 allows two
ways to raise underflow for inexact results: raise if the result before
rounding is in the subnormal range (e.g. aarch64, arm, powerpc) or if
the result after rounding with infinite exponent range is in the
subnormal range (e.g. x86, mips, sh).
to avoid all these issues the algorithm was rewritten with mostly int
arithmetics and float arithmetics is only used to get correct rounding
and raise exceptions according to the behaviour of the target without
any fenv.h dependency. it also unifies x86 and non-x86 fma.
fmaf is not affected, fmal need to be fixed too.
this algorithm depends on a_clz_64 and it required a few spurious
instructions to make sure underflow exception is raised in a particular
corner case. (normally FORCE_EVAL(tiny*tiny) would be used for this,
but on i386 gcc is broken if the expression is constant
and there is no easy portable fix for the macro.)
this is for consistency with the way it's done in in the dynamic
linker, avoiding a deprecated C feature (non-prototype function
types), and improving code generation. GCC unnecessarily uses the
variadic calling convention (e.g. clearing rax on x86_64) when making
a call where the argument types are not known for compatibility with
wrong code which calls variadic functions this way. (C on the other
hand is clear that such calls have undefined behavior.)
this is a subtle issue with how the assembler/linker work. for the adr
pseudo-instruction used to find __hwcap, the assembler in thumb mode
generates a 16-bit thumb add instruction which can only represent
word-aligned addresses, despite not knowing the alignment of the
label. if the setjmp function is assigned a non-multiple-of-4 address
at link time, the load then loads from the wrong address (the last
instruction rather than the data containing the offset) and ends up
reading nonsense instead of the value of __hwcap. this in turn causes
the checks for floating-point/vector register sets (e.g. IWMMX) to
evaluate incorrectly, crashing when setjmp/longjmp try to save/restore
fix based on bug report by Felix Hädicke.
under some conditions, the mmap syscall wrongly fails with EPERM
instead of ENOMEM when memory is exhausted; this is probably the
result of the kernel trying to fit the allocation somewhere that
crosses into the kernel range or below mmap_min_addr. in any case it's
a conformance bug, so work around it. for now, only handle the case of
anonymous mappings with no requested address; in other cases EPERM may
be a legitimate error.
this indirectly fixes the possibility of malloc failing with the wrong
GLOB_PERIOD is a gnu extension, and GNU glob does not seem to honor it
except in the last path component. it's not clear whether this a bug
or intentional, but it seems reasonable that it should exclude the
special entries . and .. when walking.
changes based on report and analysis by Julien Ramseier.
some applications use getservbyport to find port numbers that are not
assigned to a service; if getservbyport always succeeds with a numeric
string as the result, they fail to find any available ports.
POSIX doesn't seem to mandate the behavior one way or another. it
specifies an abstract service database, which an implementation could
define to include numeric port strings, but it makes more sense to
align behavior with traditional implementations.
based on patch by A. Wilcox. the original patch only changed
getservbyport[_r]. to maintain a consistent view of the "service
database", I have also modified getservbyname[_r] to exclude numeric
if the parent thread was able to set the new thread's priority before
it reached the check for 'startlock', the new thread failed to restore
its signal mask and thus ran with all signals blocked.
concept for patch by Sergei, who reported the issue; unnecessary
changes were removed and comments added since the whole 'startlock'
thing is non-idiomatic and confusing. eventually it should be replaced
with use of idiomatic synchronization primitives.
this is mandated by C and POSIX standards and is in accordance with
Reported by Leah Neukirchen.
This aligns clearenv with the Linux man page by setting 'environ'
rather than '*environ' to NULL, and stops it from leaking entries
allocated by the libc.
Rewrite environment access functions to slim down code, fix bugs and
avoid invoking undefined behavior.
* avoid using int-typed iterators where size_t would be correct;
* use strncmp instead of memcmp consistently;
* tighten prologues by invoking __strchrnul;
* handle NULL environ.
* handle "=value" input via unsetenv too (will return -1/EINVAL);
* rewrite and simplify __putenv; fix the leak caused by failure to
deallocate entry added by preceding setenv when called from putenv.
* move management of libc-allocated entries to this translation unit,
and use no-op weak symbols in putenv/unsetenv;
* rewrite; this fixes UB caused by testing a free'd pointer against
NULL on entry to subsequent loops.
Failure to extend allocation tracking array (previously __env_map, now
env_alloced) is ignored rather than causing to report -1/ENOMEM to the
caller; the worst-case consequence is leaking this allocation when it
is removed or replaced in a subsequent environment access.
Initially UB in unsetenv was reported by Alexander Cherepanov.
Using a weak alias to avoid pulling in malloc via unsetenv was
suggested by Rich Felker.
the DFA table controlling accepted ranges for the f4 prefix used an
incorrect upper bound of 0xa0 where it should have been 0x90, allowing
such sequences to be accepted and decoded as non-Unicode-scalar values
0x110000 through 0x11ffff.
the value computed as an output limit that bounds the amount of input
consumed below the input limit was incorrectly being used as the
actual amount of input consumed. instead, compute the actual amount of
input consumed as a difference of pointers before and after the
patch by Mikhail Kremnyov.
counts leading zero bits of a 64bit int, undefined on zero input.
(has nothing to do with atomics, added to atomic.h so target specific
helper functions are together.)
there is a logarithmic generic implementation and another in terms of
a 32bit a_clz_32 on targets where that's available.
patch by Pascal Cuoq.
It is possible for argv to be a null pointer, but the __progname
variable is used to implement functions in src/legacy/err.c that do not
expect it to be null. It is also available to the user via the
program_invocation_name alias as a GNU extension, and the implementation
in Glibc initializes it to a pointer to empty string rather than NULL.
Since argv is usually non-null and it's preferable to keep those
variables in BSS, implement the fallbacks in __init_libc, which also
allows to have an intermediate fallback to AT_EXECFN.
commit c002668eb0352e619ea7064e4940b397b4a6e68d inadvertently moved
the check for unflushed write buffer outside of the scope of the
passing to pthread_join the id of a thread which is not joinable
results in undefined behavior.
in principle the check to trap does not necessarily work if
pthread_detach was called after thread creation, since no effort is
made here to synchronize access to t->detached, but the check is
well-defined and harmless for callers which did not invoke UB, and
likely to help catch erroneous code that would otherwise mysteriously
patch by William Pitcock.
The TOC pointer is constant within a single dso, but needs to be saved
and restored around cross-dso calls. The PLT stub saves it to the
caller's stack frame, and the linker adds code to the caller to restore
With a local call, as within a single dso or with static linking, this
doesn't happen and the TOC pointer is always in r2. Therefore,
setjmp/longjmp need to save/restore the TOC pointer from/to different
locations depending on whether the call to setjmp was a local or non-local
It is always safe for longjmp to restore to both r2 and the caller's stack.
If the call to setjmp was local, and only r2 matters and the stack location
will be ignored, but is required by the ABI to be reserved for the TOC
pointer. If the call was non-local, then only the stack location matters,
and whatever is restored into r2 will be clobbered anyway when the caller
reloads r2 from the stack.
A little extra care is required for sigsetjmp, because it uses setjmp
internally. After the second return from this setjmp call, r2 will contain
the caller's TOC pointer instead of libc's TOC pointer. We need to save
and restore the correct libc pointer before we can tail call to
since setlocale(cat, NULL) is required to return the setting for the
global locale, there is no standard mechanism to obtain the name of
the currently active thread-local locale set by uselocale. this makes
it impossible for application/library software to load appropriate
translations, etc. unless using the gettext implementation provided by
libc, which has privileged access to libc internals.
to fill this gap, glibc introduced the _NL_LOCALE_NAME macro which can
be used with nl_langinfo to obtain the name. GNU gettext/gnulib code
already use this functionality on glibc, and can easily be adapted to
make use of it on non-glibc systems if it's available; for other
systems they poke at locale implementation internals, which we want to
avoid. this patch provides a compatible interface to the one glibc
The switch statement has no 'default:' case and the function ends
immediately following the switch, so the extra comparison did not
communicate any extra information to the compiler.