this commit has two major user-visible parts: zoneinfo-format time
zones are now supported, and overflow handling is intended to be
complete in the sense that all functions return a correct result if
and only if the result fits in the destination type, and otherwise
return an error. also, some noticable bugs in the way DST detection
and normalization worked have been fixed, and performance may be
better than before, but it has not been tested.
i did some testing trying to switch malloc to use the new internal
lock with priority inheritance, and my malloc contention test got
20-100 times slower. if priority inheritance futexes are this slow,
it's simply too high a price to pay for avoiding priority inversion.
maybe we can consider them somewhere down the road once the kernel
folks get their act together on this (and perferably don't link it to
glibc's inefficient lock API)...
as such, i've switch __lock to use malloc's implementation of
lightweight locks, and updated all the users of the code to use an
array with a waiter count for their locks. this should give optimal
performance in the vast majority of cases, and it's simple.
malloc is still using its own internal copy of the lock code because
it seems to yield measurably better performance with -O3 when it's
inlined (20% or more difference in the contention stress test).