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some functions that should have been testing whether pthread_self()
had been called and initialized the thread pointer were instead
testing whether pthread_create() had been called and actually made the
program "threaded". while it's unlikely any mismatch would occur in
real-world problems, this could have introduced subtle bugs. now, we
store the address of the main thread's thread descriptor in the libc
structure and use its presence as a flag that the thread register is
initialized. note that after fork, the calling thread (not necessarily
the original main thread) is the new main thread.
the goal is to be able to use pthread_setcancelstate internally in
the implementation, whenever a function might want to use functions
which are cancellation points but avoid becoming a cancellation point
itself. i could have just used a separate internal function for
temporarily inhibiting cancellation, but the solution in this commit
is better because (1) it's one less implementation-specific detail in
functions that need to use it, and (2) application code can also get
the same benefit.
previously, pthread_setcancelstate dependend on pthread_self, which
would pull in unwanted thread setup overhead for non-threaded
programs. now, it temporarily stores the state in the global libc
struct if threads have not been initialized, and later moves it if
needed. this way we can instead use __pthread_self, which has no
dependencies and assumes that the thread register is already valid.
we take advantage of the fact that unless self->cancelpt is 1,
cancellation cannot happen. so just increment it by 2 to temporarily
block cancellation. this drops pthread_create.o well under 1k.
with these small changes, libc functions which need to call functions
which are cancellation points, but which themselves must not be
cancellation points, can use the CANCELPT_INHIBIT and CANCELPT_RESUME
macros to temporarily inhibit all cancellation.