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libc.h was intended to be a header for access to global libc state and
related interfaces, but ended up included all over the place because
it was the way to get the weak_alias macro. most of the inclusions
removed here are places where weak_alias was needed. a few were
recently introduced for hidden. some go all the way back to when
libc.h defined CANCELPT_BEGIN and _END, and all (wrongly implemented)
cancellation points had to include it.
remaining spurious users are mostly callers of the LOCK/UNLOCK macros
and files that use the LFS64 macro to define the awful *64 aliases.
in a few places, new inclusion of libc.h is added because several
internal headers no longer implicitly include libc.h.
declarations for __lockfile and __unlockfile are moved from libc.h to
stdio_impl.h so that the latter does not need libc.h. putting them in
libc.h made no sense at all, since the macros in stdio_impl.h are
needed to use them correctly anyway.
GNU used several extensions that were incompatible with C99 and POSIX,
so they used alternate names for the standard functions.
The result is that we need these to run standards-conformant programs
that were linked with glibc.
this header evolved to facilitate the extremely lazy practice of
omitting explicit includes of the necessary headers in individual
stdio source files; not only was this sloppy, but it also increased
now, stdio_impl.h is only including the headers it needs for its own
use; any further headers needed by source files are included directly
to deal with the fact that the public headers may be used with pre-c99
compilers, __restrict is used in place of restrict, and defined
appropriately for any supported compiler. we also avoid the form
[restrict] since older versions of gcc rejected it due to a bug in the
original c99 standard, and instead use the form *restrict.
this also includes a related fix for vswscanf's read function, which
was returning a spurious (uninitialized) character for empty strings.
at this point, strto* and all scanf family functions are using the new
unified integer and floating point parser/converter code.
the wide scanf is largely a wrapper for ordinary byte-based scanf;
since numbers can only contain ascii characters, only strings need to
be handled specially.