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morally, for null pointers a and b, a-b, a<b, and a>b should all be
defined as 0; however, C does not define any of them.
the stdio implementation makes heavy use of such pointer comparison
and subtraction for buffer logic, and also uses null pos/base/end
pointers to indicate that the FILE is not in the corresponding (read
or write) mode ready for accesses through the buffer.
all of the comparisons are fixed trivially by using != in place of the
relational operators, since the opposite relation (e.g. pos>end) is
logically impossible. the subtractions have been reviewed to check
that they are conditional the stream being in the appropriate reading-
or writing-through-buffer mode, with checks added where needed.
in fgets and getdelim, the checks added should improve performance for
unbuffered streams by avoiding a do-nothing call to memchr, and should
be negligible for buffered streams.
the LFS64 macro was not self-documenting and barely saved any
characters. simply use weak_alias directly so that it's clear what's
being done, and doesn't depend on a header to provide a strange macro.
libc.h was intended to be a header for access to global libc state and
related interfaces, but ended up included all over the place because
it was the way to get the weak_alias macro. most of the inclusions
removed here are places where weak_alias was needed. a few were
recently introduced for hidden. some go all the way back to when
libc.h defined CANCELPT_BEGIN and _END, and all (wrongly implemented)
cancellation points had to include it.
remaining spurious users are mostly callers of the LOCK/UNLOCK macros
and files that use the LFS64 macro to define the awful *64 aliases.
in a few places, new inclusion of libc.h is added because several
internal headers no longer implicitly include libc.h.
declarations for __lockfile and __unlockfile are moved from libc.h to
stdio_impl.h so that the latter does not need libc.h. putting them in
libc.h made no sense at all, since the macros in stdio_impl.h are
needed to use them correctly anyway.
when there is unflushed output, ftello (and ftell) compute the logical
stream position as the underlying file descriptor's offset plus an
adjustment for the amount of buffered data. however, this can give the
wrong result for append-mode streams where the unflushed writes should
adjust the logical position to be at the end of the file, as if a seek
to end-of-file takes place before the write.
the solution turns out to be a simple trick: when ftello (indirectly)
calls lseek to determine the current file offset, use SEEK_END instead
of SEEK_CUR if the stream is append-mode and there's unwritten
the ISO C rules regarding switching between reading and writing for a
stream opened in an update mode, along with the POSIX rules regarding
switching "active handles", conveniently leave undefined the
hypothetical usage cases where this fix might lead to observably
the bug being fixed was discovered via the test case for glibc issue
this header evolved to facilitate the extremely lazy practice of
omitting explicit includes of the necessary headers in individual
stdio source files; not only was this sloppy, but it also increased
now, stdio_impl.h is only including the headers it needs for its own
use; any further headers needed by source files are included directly
previously, stdio used spinlocks, which would be unacceptable if we
ever add support for thread priorities, and which yielded
pathologically bad performance if an application attempted to use
flockfile on a key file as a major/primary locking mechanism.
i had held off on making this change for fear that it would hurt
performance in the non-threaded case, but actually support for
recursive locking had already inflicted that cost. by having the
internal locking functions store a flag indicating whether they need
to perform unlocking, rather than using the actual recursive lock
counter, i was able to combine the conditionals at unlock time,
eliminating any additional cost, and also avoid a nasty corner case
where a huge number of calls to ftrylockfile could cause deadlock
later at the point of internal locking.
this commit also fixes some issues with usage of pthread_self
conflicting with __attribute__((const)) which resulted in crashes with
some compiler versions/optimizations, mainly in flockfile prior to