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gdb can only backtrace/unwind across signal handlers if it recognizes
the sa_restorer trampoline. for x86_64, gdb first attempts to
determine the symbol name for the function in which the program
counter resides and match it against "__restore_rt". if no name can be
found (e.g. in the case of a stripped binary), the exact instruction
sequence is matched instead.
when matching the function name, however, gdb's unwind code wrongly
considers the interval [sym,sym+size] rather than [sym,sym+size).
thus, if __restore_rt begins immediately after another function, gdb
wrongly identifies pc as lying within the previous adjacent function.
this patch adds a nop before __restore_rt to preclude that
possibility. it also removes the symbol name __restore and replaces it
with a macro since the stability of whether gdb identifies the
function as __restore_rt or __restore is not clear.
for the no-symbols case, the instruction sequence is changed to use
%rax rather than %eax to match what gdb expects.
based on patch by Szabolcs Nagy, with extended description and
corresponding x32 changes added.
analogous to commit 8ed66ecbcba1dd0f899f22b534aac92a282f42d5 for i386.
the conventional way to implement sigsetjmp is to save the signal mask
then tail-call to setjmp; siglongjmp then restores the signal mask and
calls longjmp. the problem with this approach is that a signal already
pending, or arriving between unmasking of signals and restoration of
the saved stack pointer, will have its signal handler run on the stack
that was active before siglongjmp was called. this can lead to
unbounded stack usage when siglongjmp is used to leave a signal
in the new design, sigsetjmp saves its own return address inside the
extended part of the sigjmp_buf (outside the __jmp_buf part used by
setjmp) then calls setjmp to save a jmp_buf inside its own execution.
it then tail-calls to __sigsetjmp_tail, which uses the return value of
setjmp to determine whether to save the current signal mask or restore
a previously-saved mask.
as an added bonus, this design makes it so that siglongjmp and longjmp
are identical. this is useful because the __longjmp_chk function we
need to add for ABI-compatibility assumes siglongjmp and longjmp are
the same, but for different reasons -- it was designed assuming either
can access a flag just past the __jmp_buf indicating whether the
signal masked was saved, and act on that flag. however, early versions
of musl did not have space past the __jmp_buf for the non-sigjmp_buf
version of jmp_buf, so our setjmp cannot store such a flag without
risking clobbering memory on (very) old binaries.
this caused sigsetjmp not to save the signal mask but instead to
clobber it with whatever happened to be in the sigjmb_buf prior to the
these changes are based on the following communication via email:
"I hereby grant that all of the code I have contributed to musl on or
before April 23, 2012 may be licensed under the terms of the following
Copyright (c) 2011-2012 Nicholas J. Kain
Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining
a copy of this software and associated documentation files (the
"Software"), to deal in the Software without restriction, including
without limitation the rights to use, copy, modify, merge, publish,
distribute, sublicense, and/or sell copies of the Software, and to
permit persons to whom the Software is furnished to do so, subject to
the following conditions:
The above copyright notice and this permission notice shall be
included in all copies or substantial portions of the Software.
THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS", WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND,
EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF
MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT.
IN NO EVENT SHALL THE AUTHORS OR COPYRIGHT HOLDERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY
CLAIM, DAMAGES OR OTHER LIABILITY, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT,
TORT OR OTHERWISE, ARISING FROM, OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE
SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR OTHER DEALINGS IN THE SOFTWARE."
this seems to be necessary to make the linker accept the functions in
a shared library (perhaps to generate PLT entries?)
strictly speaking libc-internal asm should not need it. i might clean
that up later.
these are useless and have caused problems for users trying to build
with non-gnu tools like tcc's assembler.