gdb can only backtrace/unwind across signal handlers if it recognizes
the sa_restorer trampoline. for x86_64, gdb first attempts to
determine the symbol name for the function in which the program
counter resides and match it against "__restore_rt". if no name can be
found (e.g. in the case of a stripped binary), the exact instruction
sequence is matched instead.
when matching the function name, however, gdb's unwind code wrongly
considers the interval [sym,sym+size] rather than [sym,sym+size).
thus, if __restore_rt begins immediately after another function, gdb
wrongly identifies pc as lying within the previous adjacent function.
this patch adds a nop before __restore_rt to preclude that
possibility. it also removes the symbol name __restore and replaces it
with a macro since the stability of whether gdb identifies the
function as __restore_rt or __restore is not clear.
for the no-symbols case, the instruction sequence is changed to use
%rax rather than %eax to match what gdb expects.
based on patch by Szabolcs Nagy, with extended description and
corresponding x32 changes added.