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Internally regcomp needs to copy some iteration nodes before
translating the AST into TNFA representation.
Literal nodes were not copied correctly: the class type and list
of negated class types were not copied so classes were ignored
(in the non-negated case an ignored char class caused the literal
to match everything).
This affects iterations when the upper bound is finite, larger
than one or the lower bound is larger than one. So eg. the EREs
were treated as
The fix is done with minimal source modification to copy the
necessary fields, but the AST preparation and node handling
code of tre will need to be cleaned up for clarity.
(cherry picked from commit c498efe117539a9d40d90b588c033316701c4b3e)
the regex parser handles the (undefined) case of an unexpected byte
following a backslash as a literal. however, instead of correctly
decoding a character, it was treating the byte value itself as a
character. this was not only semantically unjustified, but turned out
to be dangerous on archs where plain char is signed: bytes in the
range 252-255 alias the internal codes -4 through -1 used for special
types of literal nodes in the AST.
analogous to commit 39dfd58417ef642307d90306e1c7e50aaec5a35c in
mainline. it's unclear whether the same crash that affected mainline
is possible in the older regcomp code in 1.0.x, but conceptually the
bug is the same.
sizeof had incorrect argument in a few places, the size was always
large enough so the issue was not critical.
some structs and functions had reference to the params
feature of tre that is not used by the code anymore
to deal with the fact that the public headers may be used with pre-c99
compilers, __restrict is used in place of restrict, and defined
appropriately for any supported compiler. we also avoid the form
[restrict] since older versions of gcc rejected it due to a bug in the
original c99 standard, and instead use the form *restrict.
these are cruft from the original code which used an explicit string
length rather than null termination. i blindly converted all the
checks to null terminator checks, without noticing that in several
cases, the subsequent switch statement would automatically handle the
null byte correctly.
i don't understand why this has to be conditional on being in BRE
mode, but enabling this code unconditionally breaks a huge number of
ERE test cases.
1. * in BRE is not special at the beginning of the regex or a
subexpression. this broke ncurses' build scripts.
2. \\( in BRE is a literal \ followed by a literal (, not a literal \
followed by a subexpression opener.
3. the ^ in \\(^ in BRE is a literal ^ only at the beginning of the
entire BRE. POSIX allows treating it as an anchor at the beginning of
a subexpression, but TRE's code for checking if it was at the
beginning of a subexpression was wrong, and fixing it for the sake of
supporting a non-portable usage was too much trouble when just
removing this non-portable behavior was much easier.
this patch also moved lots of the ugly logic for empty atom checking
out of the default/literal case and into new cases for the relevant
characters. this should make parsing faster and make the code smaller.
if nothing else it's a lot more readable/logical.
at some point i'd like to revisit and overhaul lots of this code...
TRE wants to treat + and ? after a +, ?, or * as special; ? means
ungreedy and + is reserved for future use. however, this is
non-conformant. although redundant, these redundant characters have
well-defined (no-op) meaning for POSIX ERE, and are actually _literal_
characters (which TRE is wrongly ignoring) in POSIX BRE mode.
the simplest fix is to simply remove the unneeded nonstandard
functionality. as a plus, this shaves off a small amount of bloat.
the main practical results of this change are
1. the regex code is no longer subject to LGPL; it's now 2-clause BSD
2. most (all?) popular nonstandard regex extensions are supported
I hesitate to call this a "sync" since both the old and new code are
heavily modified. in one sense, the old code was "more severely"
modified, in that it was actively hostile to non-strictly-conforming
expressions. on the other hand, the new code has eliminated the
useless translation of the entire regex string to wchar_t prior to
compiling, and now only converts multibyte character literals as
in the future i may use this modified TRE as a basis for writing the
long-planned new regex engine that will avoid multibyte-to-wide
character conversion entirely by compiling multibyte bracket
expressions specific to UTF-8.