policy is that all public functions which have a public declaration
should be defined in a context where that public declaration is
visible, to avoid preventable type mismatches.
an audit performed using GCC's -Wmissing-declarations turned up the
violations corrected here. in some cases the public header had not
been included; in others, a feature test macro needed to make the
declaration visible had been omitted.
in the case of gethostent and getnetent, the omission seems to have
been intentional, as a hack to admit a single stub definition for both
functions. this kind of hack is no longer acceptable; it's UB and
would not fly with LTO or advanced toolchains. the hack is undone to
make exposure of the declarations possible.