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for these functions f(x)=x for small inputs, because f(0)=0 and
f'(0)=1, but for subnormal values they should raise the underflow
flag (required by annex F), if they are approximated by a polynomial
around 0 then spurious underflow should be avoided (not required by
all these functions should raise inexact flag for small x if x!=0,
but it's not required by the standard and it does not seem a worthy
goal, so support for it is removed in some cases.
- x*x may not raise underflow for subnormal x if FLT_EVAL_METHOD!=0
- x*x may raise spurious underflow for normal x if FLT_EVAL_METHOD==0
- in case of double subnormal x, store x as float
- in case of float subnormal x, store x*x as float
comments are kept in the double version of the function
compared to fdlibm/freebsd we partition the domain into one
more part and select different threshold points:
now the [log(5/3)/2,log(3)/2] and [log(3)/2,inf] domains
should have <1.5ulp error
(so only the last bit may be wrong, assuming good exp, expm1)
(note that log(3)/2 and log(5/3)/2 are the points where tanh
changes resolution: tanh(log(3)/2)=0.5, tanh(log(5/3)/2)=0.25)
for some x < log(5/3)/2 (~=0.2554) the error can be >1.5ulp
but it should be <2ulp
(the freebsd code had some >2ulp errors in [0.255,1])
even with the extra logic the new code produces smaller
zero, one, two, half are replaced by const literals
The policy was to use the f suffix for float consts (1.0f),
but don't use suffix for long double consts (these consts
can be exactly represented as double).
thanks to the hard work of Szabolcs Nagy (nsz), identifying the best
(from correctness and license standpoint) implementations from freebsd
and openbsd and cleaning them up! musl should now fully support c99
float and long double math functions, and has near-complete complex
math support. tgmath should also work (fully on gcc-compatible
compilers, and mostly on any c99 compiler).
based largely on commit 0376d44a890fea261506f1fc63833e7a686dca19 from
nsz's libm git repo, with some additions (dummy versions of a few
missing long double complex functions, etc.) by me.
various cleanups still need to be made, including re-adding (if
they're correct) some asm functions that were dropped.