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by ABI, the public stdin/out/err macros use extern pointer objects,
and this is necessary to avoid copy relocations that would be
expensive and make the size of the FILE structure part of the ABI.
however, internally it makes sense to access the underlying FILE
objects directly. this avoids both an indirection through the GOT to
find the address of the stdin/out/err pointer objects (which can't be
computed PC-relative because they may have been moved to the main
program by copy relocations) and an indirection through the resulting
in most places this is just a minor optimization, but in the case of
getchar and putchar (and the unlocked versions thereof), ipa constant
propagation makes all accesses to members of stdin/out PC-relative or
GOT-relative, possibly reducing register pressure as well.
this significantly improves codegen in functions that need to access
errno but otherwise have no need for a GOT pointer.
we could probably improve it much more by including an inline version
of the &errno accessor function, but that depends on having the
definitions of struct __pthread and __pthread_self(), which at present
would expose a lot more than is appropriate. moving them to a small
tls.h later might make this more reasonable.
not all prefixed symbols can be made hidden. some are part of
ABI-compat (e.g. __nl_langinfo_l) and others are ABI as a consequence
of the way copy relocations for weak aliases work in ELF shared
libraries. most, however, can be made hidden.
with this commit, there should be no remaining unintentionally visible
symbols exported from libc.so.
this is perhaps not the ideal place, but no better alternatives stand
commits leading up to this one have moved the vast majority of
libc-internal interface declarations to appropriate internal headers,
allowing them to be type-checked and setting the stage to limit their
visibility. the ones that have not yet been moved are mostly
namespace-protected aliases for standard/public interfaces, which
exist to facilitate implementing plain C functions in terms of POSIX
functionality, or C or POSIX functionality in terms of extensions that
are not standardized. some don't quite fit this description, but are
"internally public" interfacs between subsystems of libc.
rather than create a number of newly-named headers to declare these
functions, and having to add explicit include directives for them to
every source file where they're needed, I have introduced a method of
wrapping the corresponding public headers.
parallel to the public headers in $(srcdir)/include, we now have
wrappers in $(srcdir)/src/include that come earlier in the include
path order. they include the public header they're wrapping, then add
declarations for namespace-protected versions of the same interfaces
and any "internally public" interfaces for the subsystem they
along these lines, the wrapper for features.h is now responsible for
the definition of the hidden, weak, and weak_alias macros. this means
source files will no longer need to include any special headers to
access these features.
over time, it is my expectation that the scope of what is "internally
public" will expand, reducing the number of source files which need to
include *_impl.h and related headers down to those which are actually
implementing the corresponding subsystems, not just using them.