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for seekable files, posix imposed requirements on the offset of the
underlying open file description after a stream is closed. this was
correctly handled (as a side effect of the unconditional fflush call)
when streams were explicitly closed by fclose, but was not handled
correctly at program exit time, where fflush(0) was being used.
the weak symbol hackery is to pull in __stdio_exit if either of
__toread or __towrite is used, but avoid calling it twice so we don't
have to keep extra state. the new __stdio_exit is a streamlined fflush
variant that avoids performing any unnecessary operations and which
never unlocks the files or open file list, so we can be sure no other
threads write new data to a stream's buffer after it's already
this is required in case dtors use stdio.
also remove the old comments; one was cruft from when the code used to
be using function pointers and conditional calls, and has little
motivation now that we're using weak symbols. the other was just
complaining about having to support dtors even though the cost was
made essentially zero in the non-use case by the way it's done here.
Per POSIX, "The abort() function shall cause abnormal process
termination to occur, unless the signal SIGABRT is being caught and
the signal handler does not return."
If SIGABRT is blocked or if a signal handler is installed and does
return, abort is still required to cause abnormal program termination.
We cannot use a_crash() to do this, since a SIGILL handler could also
be installed (and might even longjmp out of the abort, not expecting
to be invoked from within abort), nor can we rely on resetting the
signal handler and re-raising the signal (this has race conditions in
multi-threaded programs). On the other hand, SIGKILL is a perfectly
safe, unblockable way to obtain abnormal program termination, and it
requires no ugly loop-and-retry logic.
there's no sense in using a powerful lock in exit, because it will
never be unlocked. a thread that arrives at exit while exit is already
in progress just needs to hang forever. use the pause syscall for this
because it's cheap and easy and universally available.
i did some testing trying to switch malloc to use the new internal
lock with priority inheritance, and my malloc contention test got
20-100 times slower. if priority inheritance futexes are this slow,
it's simply too high a price to pay for avoiding priority inversion.
maybe we can consider them somewhere down the road once the kernel
folks get their act together on this (and perferably don't link it to
glibc's inefficient lock API)...
as such, i've switch __lock to use malloc's implementation of
lightweight locks, and updated all the users of the code to use an
array with a waiter count for their locks. this should give optimal
performance in the vast majority of cases, and it's simple.
malloc is still using its own internal copy of the lock code because
it seems to yield measurably better performance with -O3 when it's
inlined (20% or more difference in the contention stress test).
musl's dynamic linker does not support unloading dsos, so there's
nothing for this function to do. adding the symbol in case anything
depends on its presence..
mildly tested; may have bugs. the locking should be updated not to use
spinlocks but that's outside the scope of this one module.
the biggest change in this commit is that stdio now uses readv to fill
the caller's buffer and the FILE buffer with a single syscall, and
likewise writev to flush the FILE buffer and write out the caller's
buffer in a single syscall.
making this change required fundamental architectural changes to
stdio, so i also made a number of other improvements in the process:
- the implementation no longer assumes that further io will fail
following errors, and no longer blocks io when the error flag is set
(though the latter could easily be changed back if desired)
- unbuffered mode is no longer implemented as a one-byte buffer. as a
consequence, scanf unreading has to use ungetc, to the unget buffer
has been enlarged to hold at least 2 wide characters.
- the FILE structure has been rearranged to maintain the locations of
the fields that might be used in glibc getc/putc type macros, while
shrinking the structure to save some space.
- error cases for fflush, fseek, etc. should be more correct.
- library-internal macros are used for getc_unlocked and putc_unlocked
now, eliminating some ugly code duplication. __uflow and __overflow
are no longer used anywhere but these macros. switch to read or
write mode is also separated so the code can be better shared, e.g.
- lots of other small things.
with this patch, the syscallN() functions are no longer needed; a
variadic syscall() macro allows syscalls with anywhere from 0 to 6
arguments to be made with a single macro name. also, manually casting
each non-integer argument with (long) is no longer necessary; the
casts are hidden in the macros.
some source files which depended on being able to define the old macro
SYSCALL_RETURNS_ERRNO have been modified to directly use __syscall()
instead of syscall(). references to SYSCALL_SIGSET_SIZE and SYSCALL_LL
have also been changed.
x86_64 has not been tested, and may need a follow-up commit to fix any