|Age||Commit message (Collapse)||Author||Lines|
they were slightly different in musl, but should be the same:
the linux uapi and glibc headers are not different.
the syscalls take an additional flag argument, they were added in commit
f17d8b35452cab31a70d224964cd583fb2845449 and a RWF_HIPRI priority hint
flag was added to linux/fs.h in 97be7ebe53915af504fb491fb99f064c7cf3cb09.
the syscall is not allocated for microblaze and sh yet.
These system calls are already all remapped in an arch-agnostic manner in
it was introduced for offloading copying between regular files
in linux commit 29732938a6289a15e907da234d6692a2ead71855
(microblaze and sh does not yet have the syscall number.)
currently five targets use the same mman.h constants and the rest
share most constants too, so move them to sys/mman.h before the
bits/mman.h include where the differences can be corrected by
redefinition of the macros.
this fixes two minor bugs: POSIX_MADV_DONTNEED was wrong on most
targets (it should be the same as MADV_DONTNEED), and sh defined
the x86-only MAP_32BIT mmap flag.
all bits headers that were identical for a number of 'clean' archs are
moved to the new arch/generic tree. in addition, a few headers that
differed only cosmetically from the new generic version are removed.
additional deduplication may be possible in mman.h and in several
headers (limits.h, posix.h, stdint.h) that mostly depend on whether
the arch is 32- or 64-bit, but they are left alone for now because
greater gains are likely possible with more invasive changes to header
logic, which is beyond the scope of this commit.
they lock faulted pages into memory (useful when a small part of a
large mapped file needs efficient access), new in linux v4.4, commit
MLOCK_* is not in the POSIX reserved namespace for sys/mman.h
this is mlock with a flags argument, new in linux commit
as usual microblaze and sh don't have allocated syscall number yet.
new in linux v4.3 added for aarch64, arm, i386, mips, or1k, powerpc,
x32 and x86_64.
membarrier is a system wide memory barrier, moves most of the
synchronization cost to one side, new in kernel commit
userfaultfd is useful for qemu and is new in kernel commit
switch_endian is powerpc only for switching endianness, new in commit
while it's the same for all presently supported archs, it differs at
least on sparc, and conceptually it's no less arch-specific than the
other O_* macros. O_SEARCH and O_EXEC are still defined in terms of
O_PATH in the main fcntl.h.
the previous values (2k min and 8k default) were too small for some
archs. aarch64 reserves 4k in the signal context for future extensions
and requires about 4.5k total, and powerpc reportedly uses over 2k.
the new minimums are chosen to fit the saved context and also allow a
minimal signal handler to run.
since the default (SIGSTKSZ) has always been 6k larger than the
minimum, it is also increased to maintain the 6k usable by the signal
handler. this happens to be able to store one pathname buffer and
should be sufficient for calling any function in libc that doesn't
involve conversion between floating point and decimal representations.
x86 (both 32-bit and 64-bit variants) may also need a larger minimum
(around 2.5k) in the future to support avx-512, but the values on
these archs are left alone for now pending further analysis.
the value for PTHREAD_STACK_MIN is not increased to match MINSIGSTKSZ
at this time. this is so as not to preclude applications from using
extremely small thread stacks when they know they will not be handling
signals. unfortunately cancellation and multi-threaded set*id() use
signals as an implementation detail and therefore require a stack
large enough for a signal context, so applications which use extremely
small thread stacks may still need to avoid using these features.
previously, commit e7b9887e8b65253087ab0b209dc8dd85c9f09614 aligned
the sizes with the glibc ABI. subsequent discussion during the merge
of the aarch64 port reached a conclusion that we should reject larger
arch-specific sizes, which have significant cost and no benefit, and
stick with the existing common 32-bit sizes for all 32-bit/ILP32 archs
and the x86_64 sizes for 64-bit archs.
one peculiarity of this change is that x32 pthread_attr_t is now
larger in musl than in the glibc x32 ABI, making it unsafe to call
pthread_attr_init from x32 code that was compiled against glibc. with
all the ABI issues of x32, it's not clear that ABI compatibility will
ever work, but if it's needed, pthread_attr_init and related functions
could be modified not to write to the last slot of the object.
this is not a regression versus previous releases, since on previous
releases the x32 pthread type sizes were all severely oversized
already (due to incorrectly using the x86_64 LP64 definitions).
moreover, x32 is still considered experimental and not ABI-stable.
Implemented as a wrapper around fegetround introducing a new function
to the ABI: __flt_rounds. (fegetround cannot be used directly from float.h)
these macros have the same distinct definition on blackfin, frv, m68k,
mips, sparc and xtensa kernels. POLLMSG and POLLRDHUP additionally
differ on sparc.
the previous definitions were copied from x86_64. not only did they
fail to match the ABI sizes; they also wrongly encoded an assumption
that long/pointer types are twice as large as int.
the memory model we use internally for atomics permits plain loads of
values which may be subject to concurrent modification without
requiring that a special load function be used. since a compiler is
free to make transformations that alter the number of loads or the way
in which loads are performed, the compiler is theoretically free to
break this usage. the most obvious concern is with atomic cas
constructs: something of the form tmp=*p;a_cas(p,tmp,f(tmp)); could be
transformed to a_cas(p,*p,f(*p)); where the latter is intended to show
multiple loads of *p whose resulting values might fail to be equal;
this would break the atomicity of the whole operation. but even more
fundamental breakage is possible.
with the changes being made now, objects that may be modified by
atomics are modeled as volatile, and the atomic operations performed
on them by other threads are modeled as asynchronous stores by
hardware which happens to be acting on the request of another thread.
such modeling of course does not itself address memory synchronization
between cores/cpus, but that aspect was already handled. this all
seems less than ideal, but it's the best we can do without mandating a
C11 compiler and using the C11 model for atomics.
in the case of pthread_once_t, the ABI type of the underlying object
is not volatile-qualified. so we are assuming that accessing the
object through a volatile-qualified lvalue via casts yields volatile
access semantics. the language of the C standard is somewhat unclear
on this matter, but this is an assumption the linux kernel also makes,
and seems to be the correct interpretation of the standard.
this syscall allows fexecve to be implemented without /proc, it is new
in linux v3.19, added in commit 51f39a1f0cea1cacf8c787f652f26dfee9611874
(sh and microblaze do not have allocated syscall numbers yet)
added a x32 fix as well: the io_setup and io_submit syscalls are no
longer common with x86_64, so use the x32 specific numbers.
mxcs_mask should be mxcr_mask
the definitions are generic for all kernel archs. exposure of these
macros now only occurs on the same feature test as for the function
accepting them, which is believed to be more correct.
these syscalls are new in linux v3.18, bpf is present on all
supported archs except sh, kexec_file_load is only allocted for
x86_64 and x32 yet.
bpf was added in linux commit 99c55f7d47c0dc6fc64729f37bf435abf43f4c60
kexec_file_load syscall number was allocated in commit
these syscalls are new in linux v3.17 and present on all supported
archs except sh.
seccomp was added in commit 48dc92b9fc3926844257316e75ba11eb5c742b2c
it has operation, flags and pointer arguments (if flags==0 then it is
the same as prctl(PR_SET_SECCOMP,...)), the uapi header for flag
definitions is linux/seccomp.h
getrandom was added in commit c6e9d6f38894798696f23c8084ca7edbf16ee895
it provides an entropy source when open("/dev/urandom",..) would fail,
the uapi header for flags is linux/random.h
memfd_create was added in commit 9183df25fe7b194563db3fec6dc3202a5855839c
it allows anon mmap to have an fd, that can be shared, sealed and needs no
mount point, the uapi header for flags is linux/memfd.h
based on patch by Jens Gustedt.
mtx_t and cnd_t are defined in such a way that they are formally
"compatible types" with pthread_mutex_t and pthread_cond_t,
respectively, when accessed from a different translation unit. this
makes it possible to implement the C11 functions using the pthread
functions (which will dereference them with the pthread types) without
having to use the same types, which would necessitate either namespace
violations (exposing pthread type names in threads.h) or incompatible
changes to the C++ name mangling ABI for the pthread types.
for the rest of the types, things are much simpler; using identical
types is possible without any namespace considerations.
unfortunately this needs to be able to vary by arch, because of a huge
mess GCC made: the GCC definition, which became the ABI, depends on
quirks in GCC's definition of __alignof__, which does not match the
formal alignment of the type.
GCC's __alignof__ unexpectedly exposes the an implementation detail,
its "preferred alignment" for the type, rather than the formal/ABI
alignment of the type, which it only actually uses in structures. on
most archs the two values are the same, but on some (at least i386)
the preferred alignment is greater than the ABI alignment.
I considered using _Alignas(8) unconditionally, but on at least one
arch (or1k), the alignment of max_align_t with GCC's definition is
only 4 (even the "preferred alignment" for these types is only 4).
when manipulating the robust list, the order of stores matters,
because the code may be asynchronously interrupted by a fatal signal
and the kernel will then access the robust list in what is essentially
an async-signal context.
previously, aliasing considerations made it seem unlikely that a
compiler could reorder the stores, but proving that they could not be
reordered incorrectly would have been extremely difficult. instead
I've opted to make all the pointers used as part of the robust list,
including those in the robust list head and in the individual mutexes,
in addition, the format of the robust list has been changed to point
back to the head at the end, rather than ending with a null pointer.
this is to match the documented kernel robust list ABI. the null
pointer, which was previously used, only worked because faults during
access terminate the robust list processing.
it's like rename but with flags eg. to allow atomic exchange of two files,
introduced in linux 3.15 commit 520c8b16505236fc82daa352e6c5e73cd9870cff
linux 3.14 introduced sched_getattr and sched_setattr syscalls in
and the related SCHED_DEADLINE scheduling policy in
but struct sched_attr "extended scheduling parameters data structure"
is not yet exported to userspace (necessary for using the syscalls)
so related uapi definitions are not added yet.
The mips arch is special in that it uses different RLIMIT_
numbers than other archs, so allow bits/resource.h to override
the default RLIMIT_ numbers (empty on all archs except mips).
Reported by orc.
in the previous changes, I missed the fact that both the prototype of
the sigaltstack function and the definition of ucontext_t depend on
it's different at least on mips. mips version will be fixed in a
separate commit to show the change.
the omission of the padding was uncovered by the latest regression
statvfs regression test added to libc-test.
the definition was found to be incorrect at least for powerpc, and
fixing this cleanly requires making the definition arch-specific. this
will allow cleaning up the definition for other archs to make it more
specific, and reversing some of the ugliness (time_t hacks) introduced
with the x32 port.
this first commit simply copies the existing definition to each arch
without any changes. this is intentional, to make it easier to review
changes made on a per-arch basis.