path: root/arch/arm
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2015-08-31implement arm eabi mem* functionsTimo Teräs-0/+36
these functions are part of the ARM EABI, meaning compilers may generate references to them. known versions of gcc do not use them, but llvm does. they are not provided by libgcc, and the de facto standard seems to be that libc provides them.
2015-06-14arm: add vdso supportSzabolcs Nagy-0/+4
vdso will be available on arm in linux v4.2, the user-space code for it is in kernel commit 8512287a8165592466cb9cb347ba94892e9c56a5
2015-05-22add .text section directive to all crt_arch.h files missing itRich Felker-0/+1
i386 and x86_64 versions already had the .text directive; other archs did not. normally, top-level (file scope) __asm__ starts in the .text section anyway, but problems were reported with some versions of clang, and it seems preferable to set it explicitly anyway, at least for the sake of consistency between archs.
2015-05-14make arm reloc.h CRTJMP macro compatible with thumbRich Felker-0/+5
compilers targeting armv7 may be configured to produce thumb2 code instead of arm code by default, and in the future we may wish to support targets where only the thumb instruction set is available. the instructions this patch omits in thumb mode are needed only for non-thumb versions of armv4 or earlier, which are not supported by any current compilers/toolchains and thus rather pointless to have. at some point these compatibility return sequences may be removed from all asm source files, and in that case it would make sense to remove them here too and remove the ifdef.
2015-05-14make arm crt_arch.h compatible with thumb code generationRich Felker-4/+6
compilers targeting armv7 may be configured to produce thumb2 code instead of arm code by default, and in the future we may wish to support targets where only the thumb instruction set is available. the changes made here avoid operating directly on the sp register, which is not possible in thumb code, and address an issue with the way the address of _DYNAMIC is computed. previously, the relative address of _DYNAMIC was stored with an additional offset of -8 versus the pc-relative add instruction, since on arm the pc register evaluates to ".+8". in thumb code, it instead evaluates to ".+4". both are two (normal-size) instructions beyond "." in the current execution mode, so the numbered label 2 used in the relative address expression is simply moved two instructions ahead to be compatible with both instruction sets.
2015-04-30fix __syscall declaration with wrong visibility in syscall_arch.hSzabolcs Nagy-2/+0
remove __syscall declaration where it is not needed (aarch64, arm, microblaze, or1k) and add the hidden attribute where it is (mips).
2015-04-13dynamic linker bootstrap overhaulRich Felker-34/+27
this overhaul further reduces the amount of arch-specific code needed by the dynamic linker and removes a number of assumptions, including: - that symbolic function references inside libc are bound at link time via the linker option -Bsymbolic-functions. - that libc functions used by the dynamic linker do not require access to data symbols. - that static/internal function calls and data accesses can be made without performing any relocations, or that arch-specific startup code handled any such relocations needed. removing these assumptions paves the way for allowing itself to be built with stack protector (among other things), and is achieved by a three-stage bootstrap process: 1. relative relocations are processed with a flat function. 2. symbolic relocations are processed with no external calls/data. 3. main program and dependency libs are processed with a fully-functional libc/ldso. reduction in arch-specific code is achived through the following: - crt_arch.h, used for generating crt1.o, now provides the entry point for the dynamic linker too. - asm is no longer responsible for skipping the beginning of argv[] when ldso is invoked as a command. - the functionality previously provided by __reloc_self for heavily GOT-dependent RISC archs is now the arch-agnostic stage-1. - arch-specific relocation type codes are mapped directly as macros rather than via an inline translation function/switch statement.
2015-04-01move O_PATH definition back to arch bitsRich Felker-0/+1
while it's the same for all presently supported archs, it differs at least on sparc, and conceptually it's no less arch-specific than the other O_* macros. O_SEARCH and O_EXEC are still defined in terms of O_PATH in the main fcntl.h.
2015-03-18fix MINSIGSTKSZ values for archs with large signal contextsRich Felker-0/+5
the previous values (2k min and 8k default) were too small for some archs. aarch64 reserves 4k in the signal context for future extensions and requires about 4.5k total, and powerpc reportedly uses over 2k. the new minimums are chosen to fit the saved context and also allow a minimal signal handler to run. since the default (SIGSTKSZ) has always been 6k larger than the minimum, it is also increased to maintain the 6k usable by the signal handler. this happens to be able to store one pathname buffer and should be sufficient for calling any function in libc that doesn't involve conversion between floating point and decimal representations. x86 (both 32-bit and 64-bit variants) may also need a larger minimum (around 2.5k) in the future to support avx-512, but the values on these archs are left alone for now pending further analysis. the value for PTHREAD_STACK_MIN is not increased to match MINSIGSTKSZ at this time. this is so as not to preclude applications from using extremely small thread stacks when they know they will not be handling signals. unfortunately cancellation and multi-threaded set*id() use signals as an implementation detail and therefore require a stack large enough for a signal context, so applications which use extremely small thread stacks may still need to avoid using these features.
2015-03-07fix FLT_ROUNDS to reflect the current rounding modeSzabolcs Nagy-1/+0
Implemented as a wrapper around fegetround introducing a new function to the ABI: __flt_rounds. (fegetround cannot be used directly from float.h)
2015-03-04fix POLLWRNORM and POLLWRBAND on mipsTrutz Behn-0/+0
these macros have the same distinct definition on blackfin, frv, m68k, mips, sparc and xtensa kernels. POLLMSG and POLLRDHUP additionally differ on sparc.
2015-03-03make all objects used with atomic operations volatileRich Felker-7/+7
the memory model we use internally for atomics permits plain loads of values which may be subject to concurrent modification without requiring that a special load function be used. since a compiler is free to make transformations that alter the number of loads or the way in which loads are performed, the compiler is theoretically free to break this usage. the most obvious concern is with atomic cas constructs: something of the form tmp=*p;a_cas(p,tmp,f(tmp)); could be transformed to a_cas(p,*p,f(*p)); where the latter is intended to show multiple loads of *p whose resulting values might fail to be equal; this would break the atomicity of the whole operation. but even more fundamental breakage is possible. with the changes being made now, objects that may be modified by atomics are modeled as volatile, and the atomic operations performed on them by other threads are modeled as asynchronous stores by hardware which happens to be acting on the request of another thread. such modeling of course does not itself address memory synchronization between cores/cpus, but that aspect was already handled. this all seems less than ideal, but it's the best we can do without mandating a C11 compiler and using the C11 model for atomics. in the case of pthread_once_t, the ABI type of the underlying object is not volatile-qualified. so we are assuming that accessing the object through a volatile-qualified lvalue via casts yields volatile access semantics. the language of the C standard is somewhat unclear on this matter, but this is an assumption the linux kernel also makes, and seems to be the correct interpretation of the standard.
2015-02-09add syscall numbers for the new execveat syscallSzabolcs Nagy-0/+2
this syscall allows fexecve to be implemented without /proc, it is new in linux v3.19, added in commit 51f39a1f0cea1cacf8c787f652f26dfee9611874 (sh and microblaze do not have allocated syscall numbers yet) added a x32 fix as well: the io_setup and io_submit syscalls are no longer common with x86_64, so use the x32 specific numbers.
2015-01-30move MREMAP_MAYMOVE and MREMAP_FIXED out of bitsTrutz Behn-3/+0
the definitions are generic for all kernel archs. exposure of these macros now only occurs on the same feature test as for the function accepting them, which is believed to be more correct.
2014-12-23add new syscall numbers for bpf and kexec_file_loadSzabolcs Nagy-0/+2
these syscalls are new in linux v3.18, bpf is present on all supported archs except sh, kexec_file_load is only allocted for x86_64 and x32 yet. bpf was added in linux commit 99c55f7d47c0dc6fc64729f37bf435abf43f4c60 kexec_file_load syscall number was allocated in commit f0895685c7fd8c938c91a9d8a6f7c11f22df58d2
2014-12-21move wint_t definition to the shared part of alltypes.h.inRich Felker-1/+0
2014-12-03add arm private syscall numbersTimo Teräs-0/+5
it is part of kernel uapi, and some programs (e.g. nodejs) do use them
2014-11-22inline 5- and 6-argument syscalls on armRich Felker-2/+15
2014-11-22remove old clang workarounds from arm syscall implementationRich Felker-31/+0
the register constraints in the non-clang case were tested to work on clang back to 3.2, and earlier versions of clang have known bugs that preclude building musl. there may be other reasons to prefer not to use inline syscalls, but if so the function-call-based implementations should be added back in a unified way for all archs.
2014-11-22fix __aeabi_read_tp oversight in arm atomics/tls overhaulRich Felker-6/+5
calls to __aeabi_read_tp may be generated by the compiler to access TLS on pre-v6 targets. previously, this function was hard-coded to call the kuser helper, which would crash on kernels with kuser helper removed. to fix the problem most efficiently, the definition of __aeabi_read_tp is moved so that it's an alias for the new __a_gettp. however, on v7+ targets, code to initialize the runtime choice of thread-pointer loading code is not even compiled, meaning that defining __aeabi_read_tp would have caused an immediate crash due to using the default implementation of __a_gettp with a HCF instruction. fortunately there is an elegant solution which reduces overall code size: putting the native thread-pointer loading instruction in the default code path for __a_gettp, so that separate default/native code paths are not needed. this function should never be called before __set_thread_area anyway, and if it is called early on pre-v6 hardware, the old behavior (crashing) is maintained. ideally __aeabi_read_tp would not be called at all on v7+ targets anyway -- in fact, prior to the overhaul, the same problem existed, but it was never caught by users building for v7+ with kuser disabled. however, it's possible for calls to __aeabi_read_tp to end up in a v7+ binary if some of the object files were built for pre-v7 targets, e.g. in the case of static libraries that were built separately, so this case needs to be handled.
2014-11-19overhaul ARM atomics/tls for performance and compatibilityRich Felker-44/+330
previously, builds for pre-armv6 targets hard-coded use of the "kuser helper" system for atomics and thread-pointer access, resulting in binaries that fail to run (crash) on systems where this functionality has been disabled (as a security/hardening measure) in the kernel. additionally, builds for armv6 hard-coded an outdated/deprecated memory barrier instruction which may require emulation (extremely slow) on future models. this overhaul replaces the behavior for all pre-armv7 builds (both of the above cases) to perform runtime detection of the appropriate mechanisms for barrier, atomic compare-and-swap, and thread pointer access. detection is based on information provided by the kernel in auxv: presence of the HWCAP_TLS bit for AT_HWCAP and the architecture version encoded in AT_PLATFORM. direct use of the instructions is preferred when possible, since probing for the existence of the kuser helper page would be difficult and would incur runtime cost. for builds targeting armv7 or later, the runtime detection code is not compiled at all, and much more efficient versions of the non-cas atomic operations are provided by using ldrex/strex directly rather than wrapping cas.
2014-10-10add explicit barrier operation to internal atomic.h APIRich Felker-1/+3
2014-10-08add new syscall numbers for seccomp, getrandom, memfd_createSzabolcs Nagy-0/+6
these syscalls are new in linux v3.17 and present on all supported archs except sh. seccomp was added in commit 48dc92b9fc3926844257316e75ba11eb5c742b2c it has operation, flags and pointer arguments (if flags==0 then it is the same as prctl(PR_SET_SECCOMP,...)), the uapi header for flag definitions is linux/seccomp.h getrandom was added in commit c6e9d6f38894798696f23c8084ca7edbf16ee895 it provides an entropy source when open("/dev/urandom",..) would fail, the uapi header for flags is linux/random.h memfd_create was added in commit 9183df25fe7b194563db3fec6dc3202a5855839c it allows anon mmap to have an fd, that can be shared, sealed and needs no mount point, the uapi header for flags is linux/memfd.h
2014-09-06add threads.h and needed per-arch types for mtx_t and cnd_tRich Felker-0/+2
based on patch by Jens Gustedt. mtx_t and cnd_t are defined in such a way that they are formally "compatible types" with pthread_mutex_t and pthread_cond_t, respectively, when accessed from a different translation unit. this makes it possible to implement the C11 functions using the pthread functions (which will dereference them with the pthread types) without having to use the same types, which would necessitate either namespace violations (exposing pthread type names in threads.h) or incompatible changes to the C++ name mangling ABI for the pthread types. for the rest of the types, things are much simpler; using identical types is possible without any namespace considerations.
2014-08-25fix build error on arm due to new a_spin codeRich Felker-1/+1
this was broken by commit ea818ea8340c13742a4f41e6077f732291aea4bc.
2014-08-25add working a_spin() atomic for non-x86 targetsRich Felker-0/+1
conceptually, a_spin needs to be at least a compiler barrier, so the compiler will not optimize out loops (and the load on each iteration) while spinning. it should also be a memory barrier, or the spinning thread might keep spinning without noticing stores from other threads, thus delaying for longer than it should. ideally, an optimal a_spin implementation that avoids unnecessary cache/memory contention should be chosen for each arch, but for now, the easiest thing is to perform a useless a_cas on the calling thread's stack.
2014-08-20add max_align_t definition for C11 and C++11Rich Felker-0/+2
unfortunately this needs to be able to vary by arch, because of a huge mess GCC made: the GCC definition, which became the ABI, depends on quirks in GCC's definition of __alignof__, which does not match the formal alignment of the type. GCC's __alignof__ unexpectedly exposes the an implementation detail, its "preferred alignment" for the type, rather than the formal/ABI alignment of the type, which it only actually uses in structures. on most archs the two values are the same, but on some (at least i386) the preferred alignment is greater than the ABI alignment. I considered using _Alignas(8) unconditionally, but on at least one arch (or1k), the alignment of max_align_t with GCC's definition is only 4 (even the "preferred alignment" for these types is only 4).
2014-08-17make pointers used in robust list volatileRich Felker-1/+1
when manipulating the robust list, the order of stores matters, because the code may be asynchronously interrupted by a fatal signal and the kernel will then access the robust list in what is essentially an async-signal context. previously, aliasing considerations made it seem unlikely that a compiler could reorder the stores, but proving that they could not be reordered incorrectly would have been extremely difficult. instead I've opted to make all the pointers used as part of the robust list, including those in the robust list head and in the individual mutexes, volatile. in addition, the format of the robust list has been changed to point back to the head at the end, rather than ending with a null pointer. this is to match the documented kernel robust list ABI. the null pointer, which was previously used, only worked because faults during access terminate the robust list processing.
2014-07-27clean up unused and inconsistent atomics in arch dirsRich Felker-5/+0
the a_cas_l, a_swap_l, a_swap_p, and a_store_l operations were probably used a long time ago when only i386 and x86_64 were supported. as other archs were added, support for them was inconsistent, and they are obviously not in use at present. having them around potentially confuses readers working on new ports, and the type-punning hacks and inconsistent use of types in their definitions is not a style I wish to perpetuate in the source tree, so removing them seems appropriate.
2014-07-20add syscall numbers for the new renameat2 syscallSzabolcs Nagy-0/+2
it's like rename but with flags eg. to allow atomic exchange of two files, introduced in linux 3.15 commit 520c8b16505236fc82daa352e6c5e73cd9870cff
2014-06-18refactor to remove arch-specific relocation code from dynamic linkerRich Felker-25/+12
this was one of the main instances of ugly code duplication: all archs use basically the same types of relocations, but roughly equivalent logic was duplicated for each arch to account for the different naming and numbering of relocation types and variation in whether REL or RELA records are used. as an added bonus, both REL and RELA are now supported on all archs, regardless of which is used by the standard toolchain.
2014-06-16dynamic linker: permit error returns from arch-specific reloc functionRich Felker-1/+2
the immediate motivation is supporting TLSDESC relocations which require allocation and thus may fail (unless we pre-allocate), but this mechanism should also be used for throwing an error on unsupported or invalid relocation types, and perhaps in certain cases, for reporting when a relocation is not satisfiable.
2014-05-30add sched_{get,set}attr syscall numbers and SCHED_DEADLINE macroSzabolcs Nagy-0/+4
linux 3.14 introduced sched_getattr and sched_setattr syscalls in commit d50dde5a10f305253cbc3855307f608f8a3c5f73 and the related SCHED_DEADLINE scheduling policy in commit aab03e05e8f7e26f51dee792beddcb5cca9215a5 but struct sched_attr "extended scheduling parameters data structure" is not yet exported to userspace (necessary for using the syscalls) so related uapi definitions are not added yet.
2014-04-30fix arm thread-pointer/atomic asm when compiling to thumb codeRich Felker-6/+7
armv7/thumb2 provides a way to do atomics in thumb mode, but for armv6 we need a call to arm mode. this commit is based on a patch by Stephen Thomas which fixed the armv7 cases but not the armv6 ones. all of this should be revisited if/when runtime selection of thread pointer access and atomics are added.
2014-04-15fix RLIMIT_ constants for mipsSzabolcs Nagy-0/+0
The mips arch is special in that it uses different RLIMIT_ numbers than other archs, so allow bits/resource.h to override the default RLIMIT_ numbers (empty on all archs except mips). Reported by orc.
2014-04-14use dmb barrier instruction for atomics on arm v7Rich Felker-2/+9
aside from potentially offering better performance, this change is needed since the old coprocessor-based approach to barriers is deprecated in arm v7, and some compilers/assemblers issue errors when using the deprecated instruction for v7 targets.
2014-04-07fix arm atomic asm register constraintRich Felker-1/+1
the "m" constraint could give a memory reference with an offset that's not compatible with ldrex/strex, so the arm-specific "Q" constraint is needed instead.
2014-04-07use inline atomics and thread pointer on arm models supporting themRich Felker-1/+36
this is perhaps not the optimal implementation; a_cas still compiles to nested loops due to the different interface contracts of the kuser helper cas function (whose contract this patch implements) and the a_cas function (whose contract mimics the x86 cmpxchg). fixing this may be possible, but it's more complicated and thus deferred until a later time. aside from improving performance and code size, this patch also provides a means of producing binaries which can run on hardened kernels where the kuser helpers have been disabled. however, at present this requires producing binaries for armv6k or later, which will not run on older cpus. a real solution to the problem of kernels that omit the kuser helpers would be runtime detection, so that universal binaries which run on all arm cpu models can also be compatible with all kernel hardening profiles. robust detection however is a much harder problem, and will be addressed at a later time.
2014-03-18fix signal.h breakage from moving stack_t to arch-specific bitsRich Felker-6/+6
in the previous changes, I missed the fact that both the prototype of the sigaltstack function and the definition of ucontext_t depend on stack_t.
2014-03-18move signal.h definition of stack_t to arch-specific bitsRich Felker-0/+6
it's different at least on mips. mips version will be fixed in a separate commit to show the change.
2014-03-11move struct semid_ds to from shared sys/sem.h to bitsRich Felker-0/+16
the definition was found to be incorrect at least for powerpc, and fixing this cleanly requires making the definition arch-specific. this will allow cleaning up the definition for other archs to make it more specific, and reversing some of the ugliness (time_t hacks) introduced with the x32 port. this first commit simply copies the existing definition to each arch without any changes. this is intentional, to make it easier to review changes made on a per-arch basis.
2014-02-24fixup general __syscall breakage introduced in x32 portrofl0r-0/+2
the reordering of headers caused some risc archs to not see the __syscall declaration anymore. this caused build errors on mips with any compiler, and on arm and microblaze with clang. we now declare it locally just like the powerpc port does.
2014-02-23sys/shm.h: move arch specific structs to bits/rofl0r-0/+11
2014-01-08add IUTF8 to termios.h on archs that were missing itRich Felker-0/+1
2014-01-08fix namespace violations in termios.h, at least mostlyRich Felker-8/+7
the fix should be complete on archs that use the generic definitions (i386, arm, x86_64, microblaze), but mips and powerpc have not been checked thoroughly and may need more fixes.
2013-11-23add O_TMPFILE flag, new in linux 3.11Szabolcs Nagy-0/+1
definition in linux: #define O_TMPFILE (__O_TMPFILE | O_DIRECTORY) where __O_TMPFILE and O_DIRECTORY are arch specific
2013-11-20fix the nominal type of LDBL_* limits on archs with ld64Rich Felker-4/+4
previously these macros wrongly had type double rather than long double. I see no way an application could detect the error in C99, but C11's _Generic can trivially detect it. at the same time, even though these archs do not have excess precision, the number of decimal places used to represent these constants has been increased to 21 to be consistent with the decimal representations used for the DBL_* macros.
2013-09-22fix arm atomic store and generate simpler/less-bloated/faster codeRich Felker-6/+8
atomic store was lacking a barrier, which was fine for legacy arm with no real smp and kernel-emulated cas, but unsuitable for more modern systems. the kernel provides another "kuser" function, at 0xffff0fa0, which could be used for the barrier, but using that would drop support for kernels 2.6.12 through 2.6.14 unless an extra conditional were added to check for barrier availability. just using the barrier in the kernel cas is easier, and, based on my reading of the assembly code in the kernel, does not appear to be significantly slower. at the same time, other atomic operations are adapted to call the kernel cas function directly rather than using a_cas; due to small differences in their interface contracts, this makes the generated code much simpler.
2013-08-16fix detection of arm hardfloatRich Felker-1/+1
it turns out that __SOFTFP__ does not indicate the ABI in use but rather that fpu instructions are not to be used at all. this is specified in ARM's documentation so I'm unclear on how I previously got the wrong idea. unfortunately, this resulted in the 0.9.12 release producing a dynamic linker with the wrong name. fortunately, there do not yet seem to be any public toolchain builds using the wrong name. the __ARM_PCS_VFP macro does not seem to be official from ARM, and in fact it was missing from the very earliest gcc versions (around 4.5.x) that added -mfloat-abi=hard. it would be possible on such versions to perform some ugly linker-based tests instead in hopes that the linker will reject ABI-mismatching object files, if there is demand for supporting such versions. I would probably prefer to document which versions are broken and warn users to manually add -D__ARM_PCS_VFP if using such a version. there's definitely an argument to be made that the fenv macros should be exposed even in -mfloat-abi=softfp mode. for now, I have chosen not to expose them in this case, since the math library will not necessarily have the capability to raise exceptions (it depends on the CFLAGS used to compile it), and since exceptions are officially excluded from the ARM EABI, which the plain "arm" arch aims to follow.
2013-08-16support floating point environment (fenv) on armhf (hard float) subarchsRich Felker-0/+13
patch by nsz. I've tested it on an armhf machine and it seems to be working correctly.