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%C, %U, %W, and %y handling were completely missing; %C wrongly
fell-through to unrelated cases, and the rest returned failure. for
now, they all parse numbers in the proper forms and range-check the
values, but they do not store the value anywhere.
it's not clear to me whether, as "derived" fields, %U and %W should
produce any result. they certainly cannot produce a result unless the
year and weekday are also converted, but in this case it might be
desirable for them to do so. clarification is needed on the intended
behavior of strptime in cases like this.
%C and %y have well-defined behavior as long as they are used together
(and %y is defined by itself but may change in the future).
implementing them (including their correct interaction) is left as a
later change to be made.
finally, strptime now rejects unknown/invalid format characters
instead of ignoring them.
some of these may have been from ancient (pre-SUSv2) POSIX versions;
more likely, they were from POSIX drafts or glibc interpretations of
what ancient versions of POSIX should have added (instead they made
they described functionality mandatory and/or dropped it completely).
others are purely glibc-isms, many of them ill-thought-out, like
providing ways to lookup the min/max values of types at runtime
(despite the impossibility of them changing at runtime and the
impossibility of representing ULONG_MAX in a return value of type
since our sysconf implementation does not support or return meaningful
values for any of these, it's harmful to have the macros around;
applications' build scripts may detect and attempt to use them, only
to get -1/EINVAL as a result.
if removing them does break some applications, and it's determined
that the usage was reasonable, some of these could be added back on an
as-needed basis, but they should return actual meaningful values, not
junk like they were returning before.
based on patch by Timo Teräs. previously, the value zero was used as a
literal zero, meaning that all invalid sysconf "names", which should
result in sysconf returning -1, had to be explicitly listed. (in
addition, it was not possible for sysconf to set errno to EINVAL, as
there was no distinction between -1 as an error and -1 as a valid
now, the value 0 is used for invalid/undefined slots in the table and
a new switch table entry is used for returning literal zeros.
in addition, an off-by-one error in checking against the table size is
this is gcc bug #61144. the broken compiler is detected, but the user
must manually work around it. this is partly to avoid complex logic
for adding workaround CFLAGS and attempting to recheck with them, and
partly for the sake of letting the user know the compiler is broken
(since the workaround will result in less-efficient code production).
some refactoring was also needed to move the check for gcc outside of
the check for whether to build the compiler wrapper.
perhaps some additional legacy DOS-era codepages would also be useful
to have, but these are the ones for which there has been demand. the
size of the diff is due to the fact that legacychars.h is updated in
such a way that new characters are inserted into the table in unicode
codepoint order; thus other mappings in codepages.h have changed to
reflect the new table indices of their characters.
without this, broken choices of CC/CPPFLAGS/CFLAGS don't show up until
late in the configure process where they are confusingly reported as a
different failure such as incorrect long double type.
this is no longer used for anything, and reportedly clashed with a
builtin on certain compilers.
armv7/thumb2 provides a way to do atomics in thumb mode, but for armv6
we need a call to arm mode.
this commit is based on a patch by Stephen Thomas which fixed the
armv7 cases but not the armv6 ones.
all of this should be revisited if/when runtime selection of thread
pointer access and atomics are added.
As far as gcc3 knows, sh4 is the only processor version that can have an
FPU, so it indicates the FPU's presence by defining __SH4__. This is not
defined if there is no FPU, even if the processor really is an SH4.
Starting with gcc4, there is support for the sh2a processor, which has an
FPU but is not an SH4. gcc4 therefore additionally defines __SH_FPU_ANY__
when there is an FPU, but still doesn't define __SH4__ for an FPU-less sh4.
Therefore, to support all gcc versions, we must look at both preprocessor
previously, setting TZ to the pathname of a file which was not a valid
zoneinfo file would usually cause programs using local time zone based
operations to crash. the new code checks the file size and magic at
the beginning of the file, which seems sufficient to prevent
accidental misconfiguration from causing crashes. attempting to make
fully-robust validation would be futile unless we wanted to drop use
of mmap (shared zoneinfo) and instead read it into a local buffer,
since such validation would be subject to race conditions with
modification of the file.
being static allows it to be inlined in __libc_start_main; inlining
should take place at all levels since the function is called exactly
once. this further reduces mandatory startup code size for static
there is no reason (and seemingly there never was any) for
__init_security to be its own function. it's linked unconditionally
so it can just be placed inline in __init_libc.
moving the call to __init_ssp from __init_security to __init_libc
makes __init_security a leaf function, which allows the compiler to
make it smaller. __init_libc is already non-leaf, and the additional
call makes no difference to the amount of register spillage.
in addition, it really made no sense for the call to __init_ssp to be
buried inside __init_security rather than parallel with other init
since the form TZ=name is reserved for POSIX-form time zone strings,
TZ=:name needs to be used when the zoneinfo filename is in the
top-level zoneinfo directory and therefore does not contain a slash.
previously the leading colon was merely dropped, making it impossible
to access such zones without a full absolute pathname.
changes based on patch by Timo Teräs.
in cases where the memorized match range from the right factor
exceeded the length of the left factor, it was wrongly treated as a
mismatch rather than a match.
issue reported by Yves Bastide.
so far the options are --library-path and --preload which override the
corresponding environment variables, and --list which forces the
behavior of ldd even if the invocation name is not ldd. both the
two-arg form and the one-arg form using an equals sign are supported.
based loosely on a patch proposed by Rune.
the vdso symbol lookup code is based on the original 2011 patch by
Nicholas J. Kain, with some streamlining, pointer arithmetic fixes,
and one symbol version matching fix.
on the consumer side (clock_gettime), per-arch macros for the
particular symbol name and version to lookup are added in
syscall_arch.h, and no vdso code is pulled in on archs which do not
define these macros. at this time, vdso is enabled only on x86_64.
the vdso support at the dynamic linker level is no longer useful to
libc, but is left in place for the sake of debuggers (which may need
the vdso in the link map to find its functions) and possibly use with
at the end of successful pthread_once, there was a race window during
which another thread calling pthread_once would momentarily change the
state back from 2 (finished) to 1 (in-progress). in this case, the
status was immediately changed back, but with no wake call, meaning
that waiters which arrived during this short window could block
forever. there are two possible fixes. one would be adding the wake to
the code path where it was missing. but it's better just to avoid
reverting the status at all, by using compare-and-swap instead of
The mips arch is special in that it uses different RLIMIT_
numbers than other archs, so allow bits/resource.h to override
the default RLIMIT_ numbers (empty on all archs except mips).
Reported by orc.
it will be needed to implement some things in sysconf, and the syscall
can't easily be used directly because the x32 syscall uses the wrong
structure layout. the l (uncreative, for "linux") prefix is used since
the symbol name __sysinfo is already taken for AT_SYSINFO from the aux
the way the x32 override of this function works is also changed to be
simpler and avoid the useless jump instruction.
the syscall is deprecated (replaced by prlimit64) and does not work
correctly on x32. this change mildly increases size, but is likely
needed anyway for newer archs that might omit deprecated syscalls.
the previous handling of cases that could not fit in the 16-bit table
or which required non-constant results was extremely ugly and could
not scale. the new code remaps these keys into a contiguous range
that's efficient for a switch statement.
aside from potentially offering better performance, this change is
needed since the old coprocessor-based approach to barriers is
deprecated in arm v7, and some compilers/assemblers issue errors when
using the deprecated instruction for v7 targets.
the use of visibility at all is purely an optimization to avoid the
need for the caller to load the GOT register or similar to prepare for
a call via the PLT. there is no reason for these symbols to be
externally visible, so hidden works just as well as protected, and
using protected visibility is undesirable due to toolchain bugs and
the lack of testing it receives.
in particular, GCC's microblaze target is known to generate symbolic
relocations in the GOT for functions with protected visibility. this
in turn results in a dynamic linker which crashes under any nontrivial
usage that requires making a syscall before symbolic relocations are
modfl and sincosl were passing long double* instead of double*
to the wrapped double precision functions (on archs where long
double and double have the same size).
This is fixed now by using temporaries (this is not optimized
to a single branch so the generated code is a bit bigger).
Found by Morten Welinder.
to optimize the search, memchr is used to find the first occurrence of
the first character of the needle in the haystack before switching to
a search for the full needle. however, the number of characters
skipped by this first step were not subtracted from the haystack
length, causing memmem to search past the end of the haystack.
the subsequent rounding code assumes the end pointer (z) accurately
reflects the end of significance in the decimal expansion, but for
certain large integers, spurious trailing zero slots were left behind
when applying the binary exponent.
issue reported by Morten Welinder; the analysis of the cause was
performed by nsz, who also proposed this change.
the "m" constraint could give a memory reference with an offset that's
not compatible with ldrex/strex, so the arm-specific "Q" constraint is
this is perhaps not the optimal implementation; a_cas still compiles
to nested loops due to the different interface contracts of the kuser
helper cas function (whose contract this patch implements) and the
a_cas function (whose contract mimics the x86 cmpxchg). fixing this
may be possible, but it's more complicated and thus deferred until a
aside from improving performance and code size, this patch also
provides a means of producing binaries which can run on hardened
kernels where the kuser helpers have been disabled. however, at
present this requires producing binaries for armv6k or later, which
will not run on older cpus. a real solution to the problem of kernels
that omit the kuser helpers would be runtime detection, so that
universal binaries which run on all arm cpu models can also be
compatible with all kernel hardening profiles. robust detection
however is a much harder problem, and will be addressed at a later
in a sense this implementation is incomplete since it doesn't provide
the HWCAP_* macros for use with AT_HWCAP, which is perhaps the most
important intended usage case for getauxval. they will be added at a
the code to strip trailing zeros was only looking in the last slot for
up to 9 zeros, assuming that the rounding code had already removed
fully-zero slots from the end. however, this ignored cases where the
rounding code did not run at all, which occur when the value being
printed is exactly representable in the requested precision.
the simplest solution is to move the code that strips trailing zero
slots to run unconditionally, immediately after rounding, rather than
as the last step of rounding.
in cases where rounding caused a carry, the slot into which the carry
was taking place was unconditionally treated as valid, despite the
possibility that it could be a new slot prior to the beginning of the
existing non-rounded number. in theory this could lead to unbounded
runaway carry, but in order for that to happen, the whole
uninitialized buffer would need to have been pre-filled with 32-bit
integer values greater than or equal to 999999999.
patch based on proposed fix by Morten Welinder, who also discovered
and reported the bug.
the function itself was static, but the weak alias provided an
externally visible reference and thus prevented the dead code from
being omitted from the output. so this change actually reduces bloat
in mandatory static-linked code.
There are two changes here, both of which make sense to be done in a
- Remove hash from struct elem and compute it at runtime wherever
- Eliminate struct elem and use ENTRY directly.
As a result we cut down on the memory usage as each element in the
hash table now contains only an ENTRY not an ENTRY + size_t for the
hash. The downside is that the hash needs to be computed at runtime.
the size and alignment of struct hsearch_data are matched to the glibc
definition for binary compatibility. the members of the structure do
not match, which should not be a problem as long as applications
correctly treat the structure as opaque.
unlike the glibc implementation, this version of hcreate_r does not
require the caller to zero-fill the structure before use.
this issue mainly affects PIE binaries and execution of programs via
direct invocation of the dynamic linker binary: depending on kernel
behavior, in these cases the initial brk may be placed at at location
where it cannot be extended, due to conflicting adjacent maps.
when brk fails, mmap is used instead to expand the heap. in order to
avoid expensive bookkeeping for managing fragmentation by merging
these new heap regions, the minimum size for new heap regions
increases exponentially in the number of regions. this limits the
number of regions, and thereby the number of fixed fragmentation
points, to a quantity which is logarithmic with respect to the size of
virtual address space and thus negligible. the exponential growth is
tuned so as to avoid expanding the heap by more than approximately 50%
of its current total size.
the kernel entry point for syscalls on microblaze nominally saves and
restores all registers, and testing on qemu always worked since qemu
behaves this way too. however, the real kernel treats r3:r4 as a
potential 64-bit return value from the syscall function, and copies
both over top of the saved registers before returning to userspace.
thus, we need to treat r4 as always-clobbered.
now that thread pointer is initialized always, ssp canary
initialization can be done unconditionally. this simplifies
the ldso as it does not try to detect ssp usage, and the
init function itself as it is always called exactly once.
this also merges ssp init path for shared and static linking.