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/* origin: FreeBSD /usr/src/lib/msun/src/e_rem_pio2.c */
/*
 * ====================================================
 * Copyright (C) 1993 by Sun Microsystems, Inc. All rights reserved.
 *
 * Developed at SunSoft, a Sun Microsystems, Inc. business.
 * Permission to use, copy, modify, and distribute this
 * software is freely granted, provided that this notice
 * is preserved.
 * ====================================================
 *
 * Optimized by Bruce D. Evans.
 */
/* __rem_pio2(x,y)
 *
 * return the remainder of x rem pi/2 in y[0]+y[1]
 * use __rem_pio2_large() for large x
 */

#include "libm.h"

/*
 * invpio2:  53 bits of 2/pi
 * pio2_1:   first  33 bit of pi/2
 * pio2_1t:  pi/2 - pio2_1
 * pio2_2:   second 33 bit of pi/2
 * pio2_2t:  pi/2 - (pio2_1+pio2_2)
 * pio2_3:   third  33 bit of pi/2
 * pio2_3t:  pi/2 - (pio2_1+pio2_2+pio2_3)
 */
static const double
two24   = 1.67772160000000000000e+07, /* 0x41700000, 0x00000000 */
invpio2 = 6.36619772367581382433e-01, /* 0x3FE45F30, 0x6DC9C883 */
pio2_1  = 1.57079632673412561417e+00, /* 0x3FF921FB, 0x54400000 */
pio2_1t = 6.07710050650619224932e-11, /* 0x3DD0B461, 0x1A626331 */
pio2_2  = 6.07710050630396597660e-11, /* 0x3DD0B461, 0x1A600000 */
pio2_2t = 2.02226624879595063154e-21, /* 0x3BA3198A, 0x2E037073 */
pio2_3  = 2.02226624871116645580e-21, /* 0x3BA3198A, 0x2E000000 */
pio2_3t = 8.47842766036889956997e-32; /* 0x397B839A, 0x252049C1 */

/* caller must handle the case when reduction is not needed: |x| ~<= pi/4 */
int __rem_pio2(double x, double *y)
{
	double z,w,t,r,fn;
	double tx[3],ty[2];
	int32_t e0,i,j,nx,n,ix,hx;
	uint32_t low;

	GET_HIGH_WORD(hx,x);
	ix = hx & 0x7fffffff;
	if (ix <= 0x400f6a7a) {  /* |x| ~<= 5pi/4 */
		if ((ix & 0xfffff) == 0x921fb)  /* |x| ~= pi/2 or 2pi/2 */
			goto medium;  /* cancellation -- use medium case */
		if (ix <= 0x4002d97c) {  /* |x| ~<= 3pi/4 */
			if (hx > 0) {
				z = x - pio2_1;  /* one round good to 85 bits */
				y[0] = z - pio2_1t;
				y[1] = (z-y[0]) - pio2_1t;
				return 1;
			} else {
				z = x + pio2_1;
				y[0] = z + pio2_1t;
				y[1] = (z-y[0]) + pio2_1t;
				return -1;
			}
		} else {
			if (hx > 0) {
				z = x - 2*pio2_1;
				y[0] = z - 2*pio2_1t;
				y[1] = (z-y[0]) - 2*pio2_1t;
				return 2;
			} else {
				z = x + 2*pio2_1;
				y[0] = z + 2*pio2_1t;
				y[1] = (z-y[0]) + 2*pio2_1t;
				return -2;
			}
		}
	}
	if (ix <= 0x401c463b) {  /* |x| ~<= 9pi/4 */
		if (ix <= 0x4015fdbc) {  /* |x| ~<= 7pi/4 */
			if (ix == 0x4012d97c)  /* |x| ~= 3pi/2 */
				goto medium;
			if (hx > 0) {
				z = x - 3*pio2_1;
				y[0] = z - 3*pio2_1t;
				y[1] = (z-y[0]) - 3*pio2_1t;
				return 3;
			} else {
				z = x + 3*pio2_1;
				y[0] = z + 3*pio2_1t;
				y[1] = (z-y[0]) + 3*pio2_1t;
				return -3;
			}
		} else {
			if (ix == 0x401921fb)  /* |x| ~= 4pi/2 */
				goto medium;
			if (hx > 0) {
				z = x - 4*pio2_1;
				y[0] = z - 4*pio2_1t;
				y[1] = (z-y[0]) - 4*pio2_1t;
				return 4;
			} else {
				z = x + 4*pio2_1;
				y[0] = z + 4*pio2_1t;
				y[1] = (z-y[0]) + 4*pio2_1t;
				return -4;
			}
		}
	}
	if (ix < 0x413921fb) {  /* |x| ~< 2^20*(pi/2), medium size */
		uint32_t high;
medium:
		/* Use a specialized rint() to get fn.  Assume round-to-nearest. */
		fn = x*invpio2 + 0x1.8p52;
		fn = fn - 0x1.8p52;
// FIXME
#ifdef HAVE_EFFICIENT_IRINT
		n = irint(fn);
#else
		n = (int32_t)fn;
#endif
		r = x - fn*pio2_1;
		w = fn*pio2_1t;  /* 1st round, good to 85 bits */
		j = ix>>20;
		y[0] = r - w;
		GET_HIGH_WORD(high,y[0]);
		i = j - ((high>>20)&0x7ff);
		if (i > 16) {  /* 2nd round, good to 118 bits */
			t = r;
			w = fn*pio2_2;
			r = t - w;
			w = fn*pio2_2t - ((t-r)-w);
			y[0] = r - w;
			GET_HIGH_WORD(high,y[0]);
			i = j - ((high>>20)&0x7ff);
			if (i > 49) {  /* 3rd round, good to 151 bits, covers all cases */
				t = r;
				w = fn*pio2_3;
				r = t - w;
				w = fn*pio2_3t - ((t-r)-w);
				y[0] = r - w;
			}
		}
		y[1] = (r-y[0]) - w;
		return n;
	}
	/*
	 * all other (large) arguments
	 */
	if (ix >= 0x7ff00000) {  /* x is inf or NaN */
		y[0] = y[1] = x - x;
		return 0;
	}
	/* set z = scalbn(|x|,ilogb(x)-23) */
	GET_LOW_WORD(low,x);
	e0 = (ix>>20) - 1046;  /* e0 = ilogb(z)-23; */
	INSERT_WORDS(z, ix - ((int32_t)(e0<<20)), low);
	for (i=0; i<2; i++) {
		tx[i] = (double)((int32_t)(z));
		z = (z-tx[i])*two24;
	}
	tx[2] = z;
	nx = 3;
	while (tx[nx-1] == 0.0) nx--;  /* skip zero term */
	n = __rem_pio2_large(tx,ty,e0,nx,1);
	if (hx < 0) {
		y[0] = -ty[0];
		y[1] = -ty[1];
		return -n;
	}
	y[0] = ty[0];
	y[1] = ty[1];
	return n;
}