path: root/include
AgeCommit message (Collapse)AuthorLines
2015-03-03make all objects used with atomic operations volatileRich Felker-2/+2
the memory model we use internally for atomics permits plain loads of values which may be subject to concurrent modification without requiring that a special load function be used. since a compiler is free to make transformations that alter the number of loads or the way in which loads are performed, the compiler is theoretically free to break this usage. the most obvious concern is with atomic cas constructs: something of the form tmp=*p;a_cas(p,tmp,f(tmp)); could be transformed to a_cas(p,*p,f(*p)); where the latter is intended to show multiple loads of *p whose resulting values might fail to be equal; this would break the atomicity of the whole operation. but even more fundamental breakage is possible. with the changes being made now, objects that may be modified by atomics are modeled as volatile, and the atomic operations performed on them by other threads are modeled as asynchronous stores by hardware which happens to be acting on the request of another thread. such modeling of course does not itself address memory synchronization between cores/cpus, but that aspect was already handled. this all seems less than ideal, but it's the best we can do without mandating a C11 compiler and using the C11 model for atomics. in the case of pthread_once_t, the ABI type of the underlying object is not volatile-qualified. so we are assuming that accessing the object through a volatile-qualified lvalue via casts yields volatile access semantics. the language of the C standard is somewhat unclear on this matter, but this is an assumption the linux kernel also makes, and seems to be the correct interpretation of the standard.
2015-02-21add new masked cancellation modeRich Felker-0/+1
this is a new extension which is presently intended only for experimental and internal libc use. interface and behavior details may change subject to feedback and experience from using it internally. the basic concept for the new PTHREAD_CANCEL_MASKED state is that the first cancellation point to observe the cancellation request fails with an errno value of ECANCELED rather than acting on cancellation, allowing the caller to process the status and choose whether/how to act upon it.
2015-02-09add new socket options SO_INCOMING_CPU, SO_ATTACH_BPF, SO_DETACH_BPFSzabolcs Nagy-0/+4
these socket options are new in linux v3.19, introduced in commit 2c8c56e15df3d4c2af3d656e44feb18789f75837 and commit 89aa075832b0da4402acebd698d0411dcc82d03e with SO_INCOMING_CPU the cpu can be queried on which a socket is managed inside the kernel and optimize polling of large number of sockets accordingly. SO_ATTACH_BPF lets eBPF programs (created by the bpf syscall) to be attached to sockets.
2015-01-30move MREMAP_MAYMOVE and MREMAP_FIXED out of bitsTrutz Behn-0/+2
the definitions are generic for all kernel archs. exposure of these macros now only occurs on the same feature test as for the function accepting them, which is believed to be more correct.
2014-12-23add new prctl command PR_SET_MM_MAP to sys/prctl.hSzabolcs Nagy-0/+21
PR_SET_MM_MAP was introduced as a subcommand for PR_SET_MM in linux v3.18 commit f606b77f1a9e362451aca8f81d8f36a3a112139e the associated struct type is replicated in sys/prctl.h using libc types. example usage: struct prctl_mm_map *p; ... prctl(PR_SET_MM, PR_SET_MM_MAP, p, sizeof *p); the kernel side supported struct size may be queried with the PR_SET_MM_MAP_SIZE subcommand.
2014-12-21move wint_t definition to the shared part of alltypes.h.inRich Felker-0/+1
2014-12-21fix signedness of UINT32_MAX and UINT64_MAX at the preprocessor levelRich Felker-2/+2
per the rules for hexadecimal integer constants, the previous definitions were correctly treated as having unsigned type except possibly when used in preprocessor conditionals, where all artithmetic takes place as intmax_t or uintmax_t. the explicit 'u' suffix ensures that they are treated as unsigned in all contexts.
2014-12-20add login_tty functionFelix Janda-0/+2
2014-12-17fix signedness of WINT_MIN expressionRich Felker-1/+1
since wint_t is unsigned, WINT_MIN needs to expand to an unsigned zero.
2014-12-17make the definition of _Complex_I explicitly complexRich Felker-2/+2
it's unclear whether compilers which provide pure imaginary types might produce a pure imaginary expression for 1.0fi. using 0.0f+1.0fi ensures that the result is explicitly complex and makes this obvious to human readers too.
2014-12-17make the result of the cimag macro a non-lvalueRich Felker-1/+1
this change is not necessary but helps diagnose invalid code. based on patch by Jens Gustedt.
2014-12-17fix definition of CMPLX macros in complex.h to work in constant expressionsRich Felker-3/+9
based on patches by Jens Gustedt. these macros need to be usable in static initializers, and the old definitions were not. there is no portable way to provide correct definitions for these macros unless the compiler supports pure imaginary types. a portable definition is provided for this case even though there are presently no compilers that can use it. gcc and compatible compilers provide a builtin function that can be used, but clang fails to support this and instead requires a construct which is a constraint violation and which is only a constant expression as a clang-specific extension. since these macros are a namespace violation in pre-C11 profiles, and since no known pre-C11 compilers provide any way to define them correctly anyway, the definitions have been made conditional on C11.
2014-12-17add basic dns record parsing functionsRich Felker-35/+23
based on patch by Timo Teräs, with some corrections to bounds checking code and other minor changes. while they are borderline scope creep, the functions added are fairly small and are roughly the minimum code needed to use the results of the res_query API without re-implementing error-prone DNS packet parsing, and they are used in practice by some kerberos related software and possibly other things. at this time there is no intent to implement further nameser.h API functions.
2014-12-09don't shadow functions with macros in C++Bobby Bingham-0/+6
C++ programmers typically expect something like "::function(x,y)" to work and may be surprised to find that "(::function)(x,y)" is actually required due to the headers declaring a macro version of some standard functions. We already omit function-like macros for C++ in most cases where there is a real function available. This commit extends this to the remaining function-like macros which have a real function version.
2014-10-14suppress macro definitions of ctype functions under C++Rich Felker-0/+7
based on patch by Sergey Dmitrouk.
2014-10-13implement uchar.h (C11 UTF-16/32 conversion) interfacesRich Felker-5/+30
2014-10-08add new linux file sealing api to fcntl.hSzabolcs Nagy-0/+7
new in linux v3.17 commit 40e041a2c858b3caefc757e26cb85bfceae5062b sealing allows some operations to be blocked on a file which makes file access safer when fds are shared between processes (only supported for shared mem fds currently) flags: F_SEAL_SEAL prevents further sealing F_SEAL_SHRINK prevents file from shrinking F_SEAL_GROW prevents file from growing F_SEAL_WRITE prevents writes fcntl commands: F_GET_SEALS get the current seal flags F_ADD_SEALS add new seal flags
2014-10-08add new IPV6_AUTOFLOWLABEL socket option in netinet/in.hSzabolcs Nagy-0/+1
added in linux v3.17 commit 753a2ad54ef45e3417a9d49537c2b42b04a2e1be enables automatic flow label generation on transmit
2014-09-10add _DEFAULT_SOURCE feature profile as an alias for _BSD_SOURCERich Felker-0/+4
as a result of commit ab8f6a6e42ff893041f7545a23e6d6a0edde07fb, this definition is now equivalent to the actual "default profile" which appears immediately below in features.h, and which defines both _BSD_SOURCE and _XOPEN_SOURCE. the intent of providing a _DEFAULT_SOURCE, which glibc also now provides, is to give applications a way to "get back" the default feature profile when it was lost either by compiler flags that inhibit it (such as -std=c99) or by library-provided predefined macros (such as -D_POSIX_C_SOURCE=200809L) which may inhibit exposure of features that were otherwise visible by default and which the application may need. without _DEFAULT_SOURCE, the application had encode knowledge of a particular libc's defaults, and such knowledge was fragile and subject to bitrot. eventually the names _GNU_SOURCE and _BSD_SOURCE should be phased out in favor of the more-descriptive and more-accurate _ALL_SOURCE and _DEFAULT_SOURCE, leaving the old names as aliases but using the new ones internally. however this is a more invasive change that would require extensive regression testing, so it is deferred.
2014-09-10fix _ALL_SOURCE logic to avoid possible redefinition of _GNU_SOURCERich Felker-1/+1
this could be an error if _GNU_SOURCE was already defined differently by the application.
2014-09-10fix places where _BSD_SOURCE failed to yield a superset of _XOPEN_SOURCERich Felker-8/+2
the vast majority of these failures seem to have been oversights at the time _BSD_SOURCE was added, or perhaps shortly afterward. the one which may have had some reason behind it is omission of setpgrp from the _BSD_SOURCE feature profile, since the standard setpgrp interface conflicts with a legacy (pre-POSIX) BSD interface by the same name. however, such omission is not aligned with our general policy in this area (for example, handling of similar _GNU_SOURCE cases) and should not be preserved.
2014-09-08add new F_OFD_* macros to fcntl.h (open file description locks)Szabolcs Nagy-0/+4
open file description locks are inherited across fork and only auto dropped after the last fd of the file description is closed, they can be used to synchronize between threads that open separate file descriptions for the same file. new in linux 3.15 commit 0d3f7a2dd2f5cf9642982515e020c1aee2cf7af6
2014-09-06add threads.h and needed per-arch types for mtx_t and cnd_tRich Felker-0/+85
based on patch by Jens Gustedt. mtx_t and cnd_t are defined in such a way that they are formally "compatible types" with pthread_mutex_t and pthread_cond_t, respectively, when accessed from a different translation unit. this makes it possible to implement the C11 functions using the pthread functions (which will dereference them with the pthread types) without having to use the same types, which would necessitate either namespace violations (exposing pthread type names in threads.h) or incompatible changes to the C++ name mangling ABI for the pthread types. for the rest of the types, things are much simpler; using identical types is possible without any namespace considerations.
2014-09-06add C11 timespec_get function, with associated time.h changes for C11Rich Felker-1/+3
based on patch by Jens Gustedt for inclusion with C11 threads implementation, but committed separately since it's independent of threads.
2014-09-05fix macros for LFS *64_t types in sys/stat.h, sys/types.h, glob.hSzabolcs Nagy-2/+3
there is no blksize64_t (blksize_t is always long) but there are fsblkcnt64_t and fsfilcnt64_t types in sys/stat.h and sys/types.h. and glob.h missed glob64_t.
2014-08-27add static_assert and hide noreturn, alignas, alignof from C++Szabolcs Nagy-0/+11
add static_assert and protect the other new C11 keyword macros with #ifndef __cplusplus so they don't conflict with C++ keywords.
2014-08-27add C11 floating-point characteristic macros to float.hSzabolcs Nagy-0/+7
C11 introduced *_DECIMAL_DIG and *_HAS_SUBNORM macros.
2014-08-25add malloc_usable_size function and non-stub malloc.hRich Felker-0/+25
this function is needed for some important practical applications of ABI compatibility, and may be useful for supporting some non-portable software at the source level too. I was hesitant to add a function which imposes any constraints on malloc internals; however, it turns out that any malloc implementation which has realloc must already have an efficient way to determine the size of existing allocations, so no additional constraint is imposed. for now, some internal malloc definitions are duplicated in the new source file. if/when malloc is refactored to put them in a shared internal header file, these could be removed. since malloc_usable_size is conventionally declared in malloc.h, the empty stub version of this file was no longer suitable. it's updated to provide the standard allocator functions, nonstandard ones (even if stdlib.h would not expose them based on the feature test macros in effect), and any malloc-extension functions provided (currently, only malloc_usable_size).
2014-08-20add max_align_t definition for C11 and C++11Rich Felker-0/+3
unfortunately this needs to be able to vary by arch, because of a huge mess GCC made: the GCC definition, which became the ABI, depends on quirks in GCC's definition of __alignof__, which does not match the formal alignment of the type. GCC's __alignof__ unexpectedly exposes the an implementation detail, its "preferred alignment" for the type, rather than the formal/ABI alignment of the type, which it only actually uses in structures. on most archs the two values are the same, but on some (at least i386) the preferred alignment is greater than the ABI alignment. I considered using _Alignas(8) unconditionally, but on at least one arch (or1k), the alignment of max_align_t with GCC's definition is only 4 (even the "preferred alignment" for these types is only 4).
2014-08-13fix CPU_EQUAL macro in sched.hSzabolcs Nagy-1/+1
2014-08-13add inline isspace in ctype.h as an optimizationSzabolcs Nagy-1/+6
isspace can be a bottleneck in a simple parser, inlining it gives slightly smaller and faster code src/locale/pleval.o already had this optimization, the size change for other libc functions for i386 is src/internal/intscan.o 2134 2118 -16 src/locale/dcngettext.o 1562 1552 -10 src/network/res_msend.o 1961 1940 -21 src/network/lookup_name.o 2627 2608 -19 src/network/getnameinfo.o 1814 1811 -3 src/network/lookup_serv.o 643 624 -19 src/stdio/vfscanf.o 2675 2663 -12 src/stdlib/atoll.o 117 107 -10 src/stdlib/atoi.o 95 91 -4 src/stdlib/atol.o 95 91 -4 src/time/strptime.o 1515 1503 -12 (TOTALS) 432451 432321 -130
2014-08-08make clearenv available with _BSD_SOURCEClément Vasseur-1/+1
glibc declares clearenv under _BSD_SOURCE, some applications might depend on it being available this way.
2014-07-31implement ffsl and ffsll functionsRich Felker-0/+2
per the resolution of Austin Group issue #617, these are accepted for XSI option in POSIX future and thus I'm treating them as standard functions.
2014-07-31limit visibility of ffs function declaration to _XOPEN_SOURCERich Felker-0/+2
per the standard, ffs is XSI shaded, whereas the other functions in this header are in the base.
2014-07-20add new PR_SET_THP_DISABLE and PR_GET_THP_DISABLE prctl flagsSzabolcs Nagy-0/+3
they can be used to set or query if transparent huge pages are disabled. introduced in linux 3.15 commit a0715cc22601e8830ace98366c0c2bd8da52af52
2014-07-20add pacing rate information to the tcp_info struct in tcp.hSzabolcs Nagy-0/+2
used by monitoring applications such as ss from iproute2 introduced in linux 3.15 commit 977cb0ecf82eb6d15562573c31edebf90db35163
2014-07-20add new ethernet packet types ETH_P_80221, ETH_P_LOOPBACKSzabolcs Nagy-2/+4
ETH_P_80221 is ethertype for IEEE Std 802.21 - Media Independent Handover Protocol introduced in linux 3.15 commit b62faf3cdc875a1ac5a10696cf6ea0b12bab1596 ETH_P_LOOPBACK is the correct packet type for loopback in IEEE 802.3* introduced in linux 3.15 commit 61ccbb684421d374fdcd7cf5d6b024b06f03ce4e some defines were shuffled to be in ascending order and match the kernel header
2014-07-19add issetugid function to check for elevated privilegeBrent Cook-0/+1
this function provides a way for third-party library code to use the same logic that's used internally in libc for suppressing untrusted input/state (e.g. the environment) when the application is running with privleges elevated by the setuid or setgid bit or some other mechanism. its semantics are intended to match the openbsd function by the same name. there was some question as to whether this function is necessary: getauxval(AT_SECURE) was proposed as an alternative. however, this has several drawbacks. the most obvious is that it asks programmers to be aware of an implementation detail of ELF-based systems (the aux vector) rather than simply the semantic predicate to be checked. and trying to write a safe, reliable version of issetugid in terms of getauxval is difficult. for example, early versions of the glibc getauxval did not report ENOENT, which could lead to false negatives if AT_SECURE was not present in the aux vector (this could probably only happen when running on non-linux kernels under linux emulation, since glibc does not support linux versions old enough to lack AT_SECURE). as for musl, getauxval has always properly reported errors, but prior to commit 7bece9c2095ee81f14b1088f6b0ba2f37fecb283, the musl implementation did not emulate AT_SECURE if missing, which would result in a false positive. since musl actually does partially support kernels that lack AT_SECURE, this was problematic. the intent is that library authors will use issetugid if its availability is detected at build time, and only fall back to the unreliable alternatives on systems that lack it. patch by Brent Cook. commit message/rationale by Rich Felker.
2014-07-18add or1k (OpenRISC 1000) architecture portStefan Kristiansson-1/+37
With the exception of a fenv implementation, the port is fully featured. The port has been tested in or1ksim, the golden reference functional simulator for OpenRISC 1000. It passes all libc-test tests (except the math tests that requires a fenv implementation). The port assumes an or1k implementation that has support for atomic instructions (l.lwa/l.swa). Although it passes all the libc-test tests, the port is still in an experimental state, and has yet experienced very little 'real-world' use.
2014-06-21implement fmtmsg functionRich Felker-0/+47
contributed by Isaac Dunham. this seems to be the last interface that was missing for complete POSIX 2008 base + XSI coverage.
2014-06-21remove hack in syslog.h that resulted in aliasing violationsRich Felker-6/+2
this issue affected the prioritynames and facilitynames arrays which are only provided when requested (usually by syslogd implementations) and which are presently defined as compound literals. the aliasing violation seems to have been introduced as a workaround for bad behavior by gcc's -Wwrite-strings option, but it caused compilers to completely optimize out the contents of prioritynames and facilitynames since, under many usage cases, the aliasing rules prove that the contents are never accessed.
2014-06-19implement sendmmsg and recvmmsgRich Felker-0/+11
these are not pure syscall wrappers because they have to work around kernel API bugs on 64-bit archs. the workarounds could probably be made somewhat more efficient, but at the cost of more complexity. this may be revisited later.
2014-06-04add support for ipv6 scope_id to getaddrinfo and getnameinfoRich Felker-1/+1
for all address types, a scope_id specified as a decimal value is accepted. for addresses with link-local scope, a string containing the interface name is also accepted. some changes are made to error handling to avoid unwanted fallbacks in the case where the scope_id is invalid: if an earlier name lookup backend fails with an error rather than simply "0 results", this failure now suppresses any later attempts with other backends. in getnameinfo, a light "itoa" type function is added for generating decimal scope_id results, and decimal port strings for services are also generated using this function now so as not to pull in the dependency on snprintf. in netdb.h, a definition for the NI_NUMERICSCOPE flag is added. this is required by POSIX (it was previously missing) and needed to allow callers to suppress interface-name lookups.
2014-05-30fix POSIX namespace pollution in sys/types.hSzabolcs Nagy-10/+6
int8_t, u_int8_t, etc types are moved under _BSD_SOURCE
2014-05-30update netinet/in.h to match the current kernel uapiSzabolcs Nagy-1/+21
from linux/in.h and linux/in6.h uapi headers the following missing socket options were added: IP_NODEFRAG - used with customized ipv4 headers IPV6_RECVPATHMTU - for ipv6 path mtu IPV6_PATHMTU - for ipv6 path mtu IPV6_DONTFRAG - for ipv6 path mtu IPV6_ADDR_PREFERENCES - RFC5014 Source Address Selection IPV6_MINHOPCOUNT - RFC5082 Generalized TTL Security Mechanism IPV6_ORIGDSTADDR - used by tproxy IPV6_RECVORIGDSTADDR - used by tproxy IPV6_TRANSPARENT - used by tproxy IPV6_UNICAST_IF - ipv6 version of IP_UNICAST_IF and socket option values: IP_PMTUDISC_OMIT - value for IP_MTU_DISCOVER option, new in linux 3.14 IPV6_PMTUDISC_OMIT - same for IPV6_MTU_DISCOVER IPV6_PMTUDISC_INTERFACE - ipv6 version of IP_PMTUDISC_INTERFACE IPV6_PREFER_* - flags for IPV6_ADDR_PREFERENCES not added: ipv6 flow info and flow label related definitions. (it's unclear if libc should define these and namespace polluting type name is involved so they are not provided for now)
2014-05-30add SO_BPF_EXTENSIONS socket optionSzabolcs Nagy-0/+1
this was introduced to query BPF extension support with getsockopt in linux 3.14, commit ea02f9411d9faa3553ed09ce0ec9f00ceae9885e
2014-05-30add sched_{get,set}attr syscall numbers and SCHED_DEADLINE macroSzabolcs Nagy-0/+1
linux 3.14 introduced sched_getattr and sched_setattr syscalls in commit d50dde5a10f305253cbc3855307f608f8a3c5f73 and the related SCHED_DEADLINE scheduling policy in commit aab03e05e8f7e26f51dee792beddcb5cca9215a5 but struct sched_attr "extended scheduling parameters data structure" is not yet exported to userspace (necessary for using the syscalls) so related uapi definitions are not added yet.
2014-05-24overhaul siginfo_t definition in signal.hRich Felker-23/+28
the main motivation for this change is that, with the previous definition, it was arguably illegal, in standard C, to initialize both si_value and si_pid/si_uid with designated initializers, due to the rule that only one member of a union can have an initializer. whether or not this affected real-world application code, it affected some internal code, and clang was producing warnings (and possibly generating incorrect code). the new definition uses a more complex hierarchy of structs and unions to avoid the need to initialize more than one member of a single union in usage cases that make sense. further work would be needed to eliminate even the ones with no practical applications. at the same time, some fixes are made to the exposed names for nonstandard fields, to match what software using them expects.
2014-05-19remove unsupported nonstandard sysconf macros and their table entriesRich Felker-60/+0
some of these may have been from ancient (pre-SUSv2) POSIX versions; more likely, they were from POSIX drafts or glibc interpretations of what ancient versions of POSIX should have added (instead they made they described functionality mandatory and/or dropped it completely). others are purely glibc-isms, many of them ill-thought-out, like providing ways to lookup the min/max values of types at runtime (despite the impossibility of them changing at runtime and the impossibility of representing ULONG_MAX in a return value of type long). since our sysconf implementation does not support or return meaningful values for any of these, it's harmful to have the macros around; applications' build scripts may detect and attempt to use them, only to get -1/EINVAL as a result. if removing them does break some applications, and it's determined that the usage was reasonable, some of these could be added back on an as-needed basis, but they should return actual meaningful values, not junk like they were returning before.
2014-04-20expose public execvpe interfaceM Farkas-Dyck-0/+1