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2013-06-29fix shifts possibly larger than type in major() macroRich Felker-1/+1
in theory this should not be an issue, since major() should only be applied to type dev_t, which is 64-bit. however, it appears some applications are not using dev_t but a smaller integer type (which works on Linux because the kernel's dev_t is really only 32-bit). to avoid the undefined behavior, do it as two shifts.
2013-06-29implement minimal dlinfo functionRich Felker-0/+3
2013-06-28work around wrong kernel type for sem_nsems member of struct semid_dsRich Felker-1/+9
rejecting invalid values for n is fine even in the case where a new sem will not be created, since the kernel does its range checks on n even in this case as well. by default, the kernel will bound the limit well below USHRT_MAX anyway, but it's presumably possible that an administrator could override this limit and break things.
2013-06-28add missing type shmatt_t in sys/shm.hRich Felker-0/+2
this type is not really intended to be used; it's just there to allow implementations to choose the type for the shm_nattch member of struct shmid_sh, presumably since historical implementations disagreed on the type. in any case, it needs to be there, so now it is.
2013-06-27minor compatibility fixes in utmp.h and fixing mismatch with paths.hRich Felker-4/+10
the pathnames prefixed with /dev/null/ are guaranteed never to be valid. the previous use of /dev/null alone was mildly dangerous in that bad software might attempt to unlink the name when it found a non-regular file there and create a new file.
2013-06-26document in sysconf and unistd.h that per-thread cpu clocks existRich Felker-0/+1
2013-06-25respect iso c namespace in stdio.h and wchar.h regarding va_listRich Felker-17/+19
despite declaring functions that take arguments of type va_list, these headers are not permitted by the c standard to expose the definition of va_list, so an alias for the type must be used. the name __isoc_va_list was chosen to convey that the purpose of this alternate name is for iso c conformance, and to avoid the multitude of names which gcc mangles with its hideous "fixincludes" monstrosity, leading to serious header breakage if these "fixes" are run.
2013-06-25implement inet_lnaof, inet_netof, and inet_makeaddrRich Felker-1/+4
also move all legacy inet_* functions into a single file to avoid wasting object file and compile time overhead on them. the added functions are legacy interfaces for working with classful ipv4 network addresses. they have no modern usefulness whatsoever, but some programs unconditionally use them anyway, and they're tiny.
2013-06-25add ether_aton[_r] and ether_ntoa[_r] functionsRich Felker-0/+14
based on patch by Strake with minor stylistic changes, and combined into a single file. this patch remained open for a long time due to some question as to whether ether_aton would be better implemented in terms of sscanf, and it's time something was committed, so here it is.
2013-06-08add clock id macros for a number of new(ish) Linux-specific clocksRich Felker-0/+6
arguably CLOCK_MONOTONIC should be redirected to CLOCK_BOOTTIME with a fallback for old kernels that don't support it, since Linux's CLOCK_BOOTTIME semantics seem to match the spirit of the POSIX requirements for CLOCK_MONOTONIC better than Linux's version of CLOCK_MONOTONIC does. however, this is a change that would require further discussion and research, so for now, I'm simply making them all available.
2013-06-08fix the type of CLOCKS_PER_SEC to match new clock_t typeRich Felker-1/+1
originally it was right on 32-bit archs and wrong on 64-bit, but after recent changes it was wrong everywhere. with this commit, it's now right everywhere.
2013-06-07improve handling of nonstandard fields in struct tmRich Felker-4/+5
defining tm_gmtoff and tm_zone as macros was breaking some application code that used these names for its own purposes.
2013-05-26fix the prototype of settimeofday to follow the original BSD declarationSzabolcs Nagy-5/+5
2013-05-17add FLT_TRUE_MIN, etc. macros from C11Rich Felker-0/+2
there was some question as to how many decimal places to use, since one decimal place is always sufficient to identify the smallest denormal uniquely. for now, I'm following the example in the C standard which is consistent with the other min/max macros we already had in place.
2013-05-17remove the __STDC_FORMAT_MACROS nonsense from inttypes.hRich Felker-4/+0
somehow I missed this when removing the corresponding __STDC_LIMIT_MACROS and __STDC_CONSTANT_MACROS nonsense from stdint.h. these were all attempts by the C committee to guess what the C++ committee would want, and the guesses turned out to be wrong.
2013-05-15support full range of dev_t major/minor numbers in makedev, etc. macrosRich Felker-3/+10
2013-05-06remove compound literals from math.h to please c++Szabolcs Nagy-5/+10
__FLOAT_BITS and __DOUBLE_BITS macros used union compound literals, now they are changed into static inline functions. A good C compiler generates the same code for both and the later is C++ conformant.
2013-04-22remove __STDC_LIMIT_MACROS and __STDC_CONSTANT_MACROS checks in stdint.hRich Felker-8/+0
C++11, the first C++ with stdint.h, requires the previously protected macros to be exposed unconditionally by stdint.h. apparently these checks were an early attempt by the C committee to guess what the C++ committee would want, and they guessed wrong.
2013-04-10make ifaddrs.h expose sys/socket.hRich Felker-0/+1
the getifaddrs interface seems to have been invented by glibc, and they expose socket.h, so for us not to do so is just gratuitous incompatibility with the interface we're mimicing.
2013-04-06add support for program_invocation[_short]_nameRich Felker-0/+6
this is a bit ugly, and the motivation for supporting it is questionable. however the main factors were: 1. it will be useful to have this for certain internal purposes anyway -- things like syslog. 2. applications can just save argv[0] in main, but it's hard to fix non-portable library code that's depending on being able to get the invocation name without the main application's help.
2013-04-05include/ifaddrs.h: add prototypes for get/freeifaddrsrofl0r-0/+3
2013-04-05add getifaddrsrofl0r-0/+31
supports ipv4 and ipv6, but not the "extended" usage where usage statistics and other info are assigned to ifa_data members of duplicate entries with AF_PACKET family.
2013-04-05net/if.h: add some missing IFF_ constantsrofl0r-0/+5
2013-04-04add prototype for dn_skipnameRich Felker-0/+1
2013-04-05add arpa/tftp.hrofl0r-0/+31
2013-04-04fix type issues in stdint.h so underlying types of 64-bit types match ABIRich Felker-8/+15
2013-04-04eliminate bits/wchar.hRich Felker-2/+15
the preprocessor can reliably determine the signedness of wchar_t. L'\0' is used for 0 in the expressions so that, if the underlying type of wchar_t is long rather than int, the promoted type of the expression will match the type of wchar_t.
2013-04-04eliminate gcc dependency for testing char signedness in limits.hRich Felker-1/+1
2013-04-04add put*ent functions for passwd/group files and similar for shadowRich Felker-0/+2
since shadow does not yet support enumeration (getspent), the corresponding FILE-based get and put versions are also subbed out for now. this is partly out of laziness and partly because it's not clear how they should work in the presence of TCB shadow files. the stubs should make it possible to compile some software that expects them to exist, but such software still may not work properly.
2013-04-02re-add useconds_trofl0r-0/+2
this type was removed back in 5243e5f1606a9c6fcf01414e , because it was removed from the XSI specs. however some apps use it. since it's in the POSIX reserved namespace, we can expose it unconditionally.
2013-04-02add arpa/nameser_compat.hrofl0r-0/+2
the contents of this header are already in arpa/nameser.h
2013-04-02make tm_zone etc visible under _GNU_SOURCErofl0r-1/+1
2013-04-01add new socket options to sys/socket.h following linuxSzabolcs Nagy-2/+17
2013-04-01adding ethernet protocol ids to if_ether.h following linuxSzabolcs Nagy-0/+15
2013-04-01add ADJ_SETOFFSET timex mode bit (new in linux v2.6.39)Szabolcs Nagy-0/+1
2013-04-01add new linux tcp socket option flags to netinet/tcp.hSzabolcs Nagy-0/+10
2013-03-31provide prototype for pthread_getattr_npRich Felker-0/+4
2013-03-06fix epoll structure alignment on non-x86_64 archsRich Felker-1/+5
this fix is far from ideal and breaks the rule of not using arch-specific #ifdefs, but for now we just need a solution to the existing breakage. the underlying problem is that the kernel folks made a very stupid decision to make misalignment of this struct part of the kernel API/ABI for x86_64, in order to avoid writing a few extra lines of code to handle both 32- and 64-bit userspace on 64-bit kernels. I had just added the packed attribute unconditionally thinking it was harmless on 32-bit archs, but non-x86 32-bit archs have 8-byte alignment on 64-bit types.
2013-03-06fix missing type error in grp.h from adding fgetgrentRich Felker-0/+4
2013-03-04fix some obscure header type size/alignment issuesRich Felker-10/+9
2013-02-26fix cruft in utmp.h that was broken by changes in utmpx.hRich Felker-3/+0
patch by Chris Spiegel.
2013-02-26namespace conformance to latest standards in strings.hRich Felker-4/+6
2013-02-21scsci/sg.h: fix usage of undefined macro HZrofl0r-1/+1
this macro is 100 on all archs, at least in userspace, according to kernel headers.
2013-02-21add arpa/ftp.hrofl0r-0/+35
2013-02-20add mkostemp, mkstemps, and mkostemps functions and reorganize temp internalsRich Felker-0/+8
based on patch contributed by Anthony G. Basile (blueness) some issues remain with the filename generation algorithm and other small bugs, but this patch has been sitting around long enough that I feel it's best to get it committed and then work out any remaining issues.
2013-02-17add fgetgrent functionRich Felker-0/+4
based on patch by Isaac Dunham, moved to its own file to avoid increasing bss on static linked programs not using this nonstandard function but using the standard getgrent function, and vice versa.
2013-02-01pthread stack treatment overhaul for application-provided stacks, etc.Rich Felker-2/+2
the main goal of these changes is to address the case where an application provides a stack of size N, but TLS has size M that's a significant portion of the size N (or even larger than N), thus giving the application less stack space than it expected or no stack at all! the new strategy pthread_create now uses is to only put TLS on the application-provided stack if TLS is smaller than 1/8 of the stack size or 2k, whichever is smaller. this ensures that the application always has "close enough" to what it requested, and the threshold is chosen heuristically to make sure "sane" amounts of TLS still end up in the application-provided stack. if TLS does not fit the above criteria, pthread_create uses mmap to obtain space for TLS, but still uses the application-provided stack for actual call frame stack. this is to avoid wasting memory, and for the sake of supporting ugly hacks like garbage collection based on assumptions that the implementation will use the provided stack range. in order for the above heuristics to ever succeed, the amount of TLS space wasted on POSIX TSD (pthread_key_create based) needed to be reduced. otherwise, these changes would preclude any use of pthread_create without mmap, which would have serious memory usage and performance costs for applications trying to create huge numbers of threads using pre-allocated stack space. the new value of PTHREAD_KEYS_MAX is the minimum allowed by POSIX, 128. this should still be plenty more than real-world applications need, especially now that C11/gcc-style TLS is now supported in musl, and most apps and libraries choose to use that instead of POSIX TSD when available. at the same time, PTHREAD_STACK_MIN has been decreased. it was originally set to PAGE_SIZE back when there was no support for TLS or application-provided stacks, and requests smaller than a whole page did not make sense. now, there are two good reasons to support requests smaller than a page: (1) applications could provide pre-allocated stacks smaller than a page, and (2) with smaller stack sizes, stack+TLS+TSD can all fit in one page, making it possible for applications which need huge numbers of threads with minimal stack needs to allocate exactly one page per thread. the new value of PTHREAD_STACK_MIN, 2k, is aligned with the minimum size for sigaltstack.
2013-01-31SOL_TCP is nonstandard and not in the reserved namespaceRich Felker-2/+1
alternatively, we could define it in sys/socket.h since SO* is reserved there, and tcp.h includes sys/socket.h in extensions mode. note that SOL_TCP is simply wrong and it's only here for compatibility with broken applications. the correct argument to pass for setting TCP socket options is IPPROTO_TCP, which of course has the same value as SOL_TCP but works everywhere.
2013-01-23add RTLD_NODELETE flag for dlopenRich Felker-0/+1
this is a trivial no-op, because dlclose never deletes libraries. thus we might as well have it in the header in case some application wants it, since we're already providing it anyway.
2013-01-23add support for RTLD_NOLOAD to dlopenRich Felker-0/+1
based on patch by Pierre Carrier <> that just added the flag constant, but with minimal additional code so that it actually works as documented. this is a nonstandard option but some major software (reportedly, Firefox) uses it and it was easy to add anyway.