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we have to avoid using ebx unconditionally in asm constraints for
i386, because gcc 3 and 4 and possibly other simplistic compilers
(pcc?) implement PIC via making ebx a fixed-use register, and disallow
its use for anything else. rather than hard-coding knowledge of which
compilers work (at least gcc 5+ and clang), perform a configure test;
this should give us the good codegen on any new compilers we don't yet
swapping ebx and edx is kept for 1- and 2-arg syscalls because it
avoids having any spills/stack-frame at all in small functions. for
6-arg, if ebx is directly usable, the complex shuffling introduced in
commit c8798ef974d21c338a7d8d874a402978ffc6168e can be avoided, and
ebp can be loaded the same way ebx is in 5-arg syscalls for compilers
that don't support direct use of ebx.
apparently some distros use this form, and it seems to be supported in
the gcc build system.
the clang internal assembler does not accept assembler options passed
via the usual -Wa mechanism, but it does accept -mimplicit-it directly
as an option to the compiler driver.
other compilers don't need this option, but gcc 3 and perhaps others
accept it despite not understanding it, then print warnings about it
at build time.
omitting it when not needed will also help shorten the command lines.
since commit dc2f368e565c37728b0d620380b849c3a1ddd78f this has been
disabled by default, but was left available in case users unhappy with
the resulting size or performance regressions wanted to try to make it
work. now that we make widespread use of hidden visibility for
internal interfaces, this no longer makes sense. if any costly calls
remain they can be fixed with hidden aliases.
three ABIs are supported: the default with 68881 80-bit fpu format and
results returned in floating point registers, softfloat-only with the
same format, and coldfire fpu with IEEE single/double only. only the
first is tested at all, and only under qemu which has fpu emulation
basic functionality smoke tests have been performed for the most
common arch-specific breakage via libc-test and qemu user-level
emulation. some sysvipc failures remain, but are shared with other big
endian archs and will be fixed separately.
we have always bound symbols at libc.so link time rather than runtime
to minimize startup-time relocations and overhead of calls through the
PLT, and possibly also to preclude interposition that would not work
correctly anyway if allowed. historically, binding at link-time was
also necessary for the dynamic linker to work, but the dynamic linker
bootstrap overhaul in commit f3ddd173806fd5c60b3f034528ca24542aecc5b9
made it unnecessary.
our use of -Bsymbolic-functions, rather than -Bsymbolic, was chosen
because the latter is incompatible with public global data; it makes
it incompatible with copy relocations in the main program. however,
not all global data needs to be public. by using --dynamic-list
instead with an explicit list, we can reduce the number of symbolic
relocations left for runtime.
this change will also allow us to permit interposition of specific
functions (e.g. the allocator) if/when we want to, by adding them to
the dynamic list.
Maintainer's note: at one point, -lcompiler_rt apparently worked, and
may still work and be preferable if one has manually installed the
library in a public lib directory. but with current versions of clang,
the full pathname to the library file is needed. the original patch
removed the -lcompiler_rt check; I have left it in place in case there
are users depending on it, and since, when it does work, it's
preferable so as not to code a dependency on the specific compiler
version and paths in config.mak.
neither current compilers nor linkers treat protected visibility the
way I expected, as having fixed source-level semantics rather than
being dependent on target-specific ABI details, and change seems
unlikely. while the use here does not actually depend on the specific
semantics, at least some versions of some linkers, especially lld,
refuse to allow linking to a libc.so where the symbols have protected
visibility. this cannot be detected at configure-time because linking
libc.so itself works fine, and because even if we could test linking
an application against libc.so successfully, we could not justifiably
assume that the same linker used to link libc.so would also be used
later to link applications.
disable the vis.h hack by default at the configure level, but add an
explicit "auto" option to request the old configure-time detection
rather than just removing it. this leaves it easy to evaluate whether
it actually resulted in significant size or performance benefits while
ensuring that out-of-the-box builds are not unlinkable for some users.
fortunately, preliminary evaluation suggests that at least x86_64,
arm, and aarch64 don't suffer at all from the change, and impact on
other archs is low. if low is not low enough, it should not be hard to
analyze where the significant PLT call ABI costs are present and
mitigate them without the hack.
all assembly is now thumb2-compatible. on existing targets this is at
best a size optimization, but it will also facilitate porting to
thumb2-isa-only arm variants.
the gnu config.sub script recognizes several mipsisa64* cpu types
that musl supports as mips64 targets.
The --build flag is listed in two case statement entries in configure,
which causes the second entry to be ignored. This patch removes it
from the first entry.
Signed-off-by: Michael LeMay <firstname.lastname@example.org>
the standard configure interface, which our configure script tries to
implement, identifies cross compiling (build != host) and searches for
the properly-prefixed cross tools. our script was not doing that,
forcing users to explicitly provide either CC or a CROSS_COMPILE tool
prefix, and the more common choice, just providing CC, was incomplete
because the Makefile would still invoke the native ar and ranlib
programs. this happened to work when building on ELF-based systems
with GNU binutils, but could easily fail when cross-compiling from
like before, and like the standard configure behavior, an explicit CC
or CROSS_COMPILE variable on the command line or in the environment
overrides the automatic prefixing.
based on patch submitted by Jaydeep Patil, with minor changes.
mips32r6 and mips64r6 are actually new isas at both the asm source and
opcode levels (pre-r6 code cannot run on r6) and thus need to be
treated as a new subarch. the following changes are made, some of
which yield code generation improvements for non-r6 targets too:
- add subarch logic in configure script and reloc.h files for dynamic
- suppress use of .set mips2 asm directives (used to allow mips2
atomic instructions on baseline mips1 builds; the kernel has to
emulate them on mips1) except when actually needed. they cause wrong
instruction encodings on r6, and pessimize inlining on at least some
- only hard-code sync instruction encoding on mips1.
- use "ZC" constraint instead of "m" constraint for llsc memory
operands on r6, where the ll/sc instructions no longer accept full
- only hard-code rdhwr instruction encoding with .word on targets
(pre-r2) where it may need trap-and-emulate by the kernel.
otherwise, just use the instruction mnemonic, and allow an arbitrary
destination register to be used.
the SPE ABI may be compatible with soft-float, but actually making it
work requires some additional work, so for now it's best to make sure
broken builds don't happen.
Some PowerPC CPUs (e.g. Freescale MPC85xx) have a completely different
instruction set for floating point operations (SPE).
Executing regular PowerPC floating point instructions results in
"Illegal instruction" errors.
Make it possible to run these devices in soft-float mode.
patch by Mahesh Bodapati and Jaydeep Patil of Imagination
the nt32 and nt64 archs will be provided by the midipix project for
building musl on top of its posix-like syscall layer for windows. at
present the needed arch files are in a separate repository, but having
the tuple matching in the upstream configure script should make it
possible to overlay the arch files without needing any further
commit e4355bd6bec89688e8c739cd7b4c76e675643dca moved the math asm
from external source files to inline asm, but unfortunately, all
current releases of clang use the wrong inline asm constraint codes
for float and double ("w" and "P" instead of "t" and "w",
respectively). this patch adds detection for the bug in configure,
and, for now, just disables the affected asm on broken clang versions.
commit 80fbaac4cd1930e9545a5d36bf46ae49011d2ce8 broke all soft-float
archs, where gcc defines __GCC_IEC_559==0 because rounding modes and
exception flags are not supported. for now, just check for
__FAST_MATH__ as an indication of broken float. this won't detect all
possible misconfigurations but it probably catches the most common
previous work overhauling the dynamic linker made it so that linking
libc with -Bsymbolic-functions was no longer mandatory, but the
configure logic that forced --disable-shared when ld failed to accept
the option was left in place.
this commit removes the hard-coded -Bsymbolic-functions from the
Makefile and changes the configure test to one that simply adds it to
the auto-detected LDFLAGS on success.
this sets the stage for the first phase of the bits deduplication.
bits headers which are identical for "most" archs will be moved to
this test does not include anything, so the -I options are not useful
and are just a maintenance burden if paths change.
now that .lo and .o files differ only by whether -fPIC is passed (and
no longer at the source level based on the SHARED macro), it's
possible to use the same object files for both static and shared libc
when the compiler would produce PIC for the static files anyway. this
happens if the user has included -fPIC in their CFLAGS or if the
compiler has been configured to produce PIE by default.
we use the .lo files for both, and still append -fPIC to the CFLAGS,
rather than using the .o files so that libc.so does not break
catastrophically if the user later removes -fPIC from CFLAGS in
config.mak or on the make command line. this also ensures that we get
full -fPIC in case -fpic, -fPIE, or some other lesser-PIC option was
passed in CFLAGS.
commit 2f853dd6b9a95d5b13ee8f9df762125e0588df5d failed to change the
test for -include vis.h support to use $srcdir, so vis.h was always
disabled by configure for out-of-tree builds.
this change adds support for building musl outside of the source
tree. the implementation is similar to autotools where running
configure in a different directory creates config.mak in the current
working directory and symlinks the makefile, which contains the
logic for creating all necessary directories and resolving paths
relative to the source directory.
to support both in-tree and out-of-tree builds with implicit make
rules, all object files are now placed into a separate directory.
this allowing the linker to drop certain weak definitions that are
only used as dummies for static linking. they could be eliminated for
shared library builds using the preprocessor instead, but we are
trying to transition to using the same object files for shared and
static libc, so a link-time solution is preferable.
based on patch by Denys Vlasenko. sorting sections and common data
symbols by alignment acts as an approximation for optimal packing,
which the linker does not actually support.
based on patch by Denys Vlasenko. the original intent for using these
options was to enable linking optimizations. these are immediately
available for static linking applications to libc.a, and will also be
used for linking libc.so in a subsequent commit.
in addition to the original motives, this change works around a whole
class of toolchain bugs where the compiler generates relative address
expressions using a weak symbol and the assembler "optimizes out" the
relocation which should result by using the weak definition. (see gas
pr 18561 and gcc pr 66609, 68178, etc. for examples.) by having
different functions and data objects in their own sections, all
relative address expressions are cross-section and thus cannot be
resolved to constants until link time. this allows us to retain
support for affected compiler/assembler versions without invasive
and fragile source-level workarounds.
this way, overriding these variables on the make command line (or just
re-passing the originally-passed values when invoking make) won't
suppress use of the flags added by configure.
the option to suppress executable stack tagging was placed in CFLAGS,
which is treated as optional and overridable by the build system. if a
user replaces CFLAGS after configure has run, it could get lost,
resulting in a libc.so that's flagged as needing executable stack,
which would cause the kernel to map the initial stack as executable.
move -Wa,--noexecstack to CFLAGS_C99FSE, the make variable used for
mandatory compiler options.
we need access to all instructions in order for runtime selection of
atomic model to work correctly. without this patch, some versions of
gcc instruct gas to reject instructions outside the target isa level.
some newer binutils versions print scary warnings about protected data
because most gcc versions fail to produce the right address
references/relocations for such data that might be subject to copy
relocations. originally vis.h explicitly assigned default visibility
to all public data symbols to avoid this issue, but commit
b8dda24fe1caa901a99580f7a52defb95aedb67c removed this treatment for
stdin/out/err to work around a gcc 3.x bug, and since they don't
actually need it (because taking their addresses is not valid C).
instead, a check for the gcc 3.x bug is added to the configure check
for vis.h preinclude support; this feature will simply be disabled
when using a buggy version of gcc.
this is always an error and usually results from failure to find/link
the compiler runtime library, but it could also result from
implementation errors in libc, using functions that don't (yet) exist.
either way the resulting libc.so will crash mysteriously at runtime.
the crash happens too early to produce a meaningful error, so these
crashes are very confusing to users and waste a lot of debugging time.
this commit should ensure that they do not happen.
with this commit it should be possible to produce a working
static-linked fdpic libc and application binaries for sh.
the changes in reloc.h are largely unused at this point since dynamic
linking is not supported, but the CRTJMP macro is used one place
outside of dynamic linking, in __unmapself.
Some functions implemented in asm need to use EBP for purposes other
than acting as a frame pointer. (Notably, it is used for the 6th
argument to syscalls with 6 arguments.) Without frame pointers, GDB
can only show backtraces if it gets CFI information from a
.debug_frame or .eh_frame ELF section.
Rather than littering our asm with ugly .cfi directives, use an awk
script to insert them in the right places during the build process, so
GDB can keep track of where the current stack frame is relative to the
stack pointer. This means GDB can produce beautiful stack traces at
any given point when single-stepping through asm functions.
Additionally, when registers are saved on the stack and later
overwritten, emit ..cfi directives so GDB will know where they were
saved relative to the stack pointer. This way, when you look back up
the stack from within an asm function, you can still reliably print
the values of local variables in the caller.
If this awk script were to understand every possible wild and crazy
contortion that an asm programmer can do with the stack and registers,
and always emit the exact ..cfi directives needed for GDB to know what
the register values were in the preceding stack frame, it would
necessarily be as complex as a full x86 emulator. That way lies
Hence, we assume that the stack pointer will _only_ ever be adjusted
using push/pop or else add/sub with a constant. We do not attempt to
detect every possible way that a register value could be saved for
later use, just the simple and common ways.
Thanks to Szabolcs Nagy for suggesting numerous improvements to this
musl-clang allows the user to compile musl-powered programs using their
already existent clang install, without the need of a special cross compiler.
it achieves this by wrapping around both the system clang install and the
linker and passing them special flags to re-target musl at runtime.
it does only affect invocations done through the special musl-clang wrapper
script, so that the user setup remains fully intact otherwise.
the clang wrapper consists of the compiler frontend wrapper script,
musl-clang, and the linker wrapper script, ld.musl-clang.
musl-clang makes sure clang invokes ld.musl-clang to link objects; neither
script needs to be in PATH for the wrapper to work.
the old test was broken in that it would never fail on a toolchains built
without dynamic linking support, leading to the wrapper script possibly being
installed on compilers that do not support it. in addition, the new test is
portable across compilers: the old test only worked on GCC.
the new test works by testing whether the toolchain libc defines __GLIBC__:
most non-musl Linux libc's do define this for compatibility even when they
are not glibc, so this is a safe bet to check for musl. in addition, the
compiler runtime would need to have a somewhat glibc-compatible ABI in the
first place, so any non-glibc compatible libc's compiler runtime might not
work. it is safer to disable these cases by default and have the user enable
the wrappers manually there using --enable-wrapper if they certain it works.
this overhauls part of the build system in order to support multiple
toolchain wrapper scripts, as opposed to solely the musl-gcc wrapper as
before. it thereby replaces --enable-gcc-wrapper with --enable-wrapper=...,
which has the options 'auto' (the default, detect whether to use wrappers),
'all' (build and install all wrappers), 'no' (don't build any) and finally
the options named after the individual compiler scripts (currently only
'gcc' is available) to build and install only that wrapper.
the old --enable-gcc-wrapper is removed from --help, but still available.
it also modifies the wrappers to use the C compiler specified to the build
system as 'inner' compiler, when applicable. as wrapper detection works by
probing this compiler, it may not work with any other.
some compilers (such as clang) accept unknown options without error,
but then print warnings on each invocation, cluttering the build
output and burying meaningful warnings. this patch makes configure's
tryflag and tryldflag functions use additional options to turn the
unknown-option warnings into errors, if available, but only at check
time. these options are not output in config.mak to avoid the risk of
spurious build breakage; if they work, they will have already done
their job at configure time.