|Age||Commit message (Collapse)||Author||Lines|
if argv permutation is used, the option terminator "--" should be
moved before any skipped non-option arguments rather than being left
in the argv tail where the caller will see and interpret it.
this is an undocumented feature of GNU getopt_long that the BSD
version also mimics, and is reportedly needed by some programs.
in the case where an initial '+' was passed in optstring (a
getopt_long feature to suppress argv permutation), getopt would fail
to see a possible subsequent ':', resulting in incorrect handling of
C++ programmers typically expect something like "::function(x,y)" to work
and may be surprised to find that "(::function)(x,y)" is actually required
due to the headers declaring a macro version of some standard functions.
We already omit function-like macros for C++ in most cases where there is
a real function available. This commit extends this to the remaining
function-like macros which have a real function version.
the write function is a cancellation point and accesses thread-local
state belonging to the calling thread in the parent process. since
cancellation is blocked for the duration of posix_spawn, this is
probably safe, but it's fragile and unnecessary. making the syscall
directly is just as easy and clearly safe.
the resolution of austin group issue #370 removes the requirement that
posix_spawn fail when the close file action is performed on an
already-closed fd. since there are no other meaningful errors for
close, just ignoring the return value completely is the simplest fix.
the previous hard-coded offsets of +1 and +2 contained a hidden
assumption that the option character matched was single-byte, despite
this implementation of getopt attempting to support multibyte option
characters. this patch reworks the matching logic to leave the final
index pointing just past the matched character so that fixed offsets
can be used to check for ':'.
it is part of kernel uapi, and some programs (e.g. nodejs) do use them
these functions are expected to return an error code rather than
setting errno and returning -1.
the sched_getaffinity syscall only fills a cpu set up to the set size
used/supported by the kernel. the rest is left untouched and userspace
is responsible for zero-filling it based on the return value of the
this is a GNU extension, activated by including '-' as the first
character of the options string, whereby non-option arguments are
processed as if they were arguments to an option character '\1' rather
than ending option processing.
the new DT_RUNPATH semantics for search order are always used, and
since binutils had always set both DT_RPATH and DT_RUNPATH when the
latter was used, processing only DT_RPATH worked fine. however, recent
binutils has stopped generating DT_RPATH when DT_RUNPATH is used,
which broke support for this feature completely.
this file had been a mess that went unnoticed ever since it was
imported. some lines used spaces for indention while others used tabs,
and tabs were used for alignment.
commit 27828f7e9adb6b4f93ca56f6f98ef4c44bb5ed4e fixed compatibility
with clang's internal assembler, but broke compatibility with gas and
the traditional arm asm syntax by switching to the arm "unified
assembler language" (UAL). recent versions of gas also support UAL,
but require the .syntax directive to be used to switch to it. clang on
the other hand defaults to UAL. and old versions of gas (still
relevant) don't support UAL at all.
for the conditional ldm/stm instructions, "ia" is default and can just
be omitted, resulting in a mnemonic that's compatible with both
traditional and UAL syntax. but for byte/halfword loads and stores,
there seems to be no mnemonic compatible with both, and thus .word is
used to produce the desired opcode explicitly. the .inst directive is
not used because it is not compatible with older assemblers.
except powerpc, which still lacks inline syscalls simply because
nobody has written the code, these are all fallbacks used to work
around a clang bug that probably does not exist in versions of clang
that can compile musl. however, it's useful to have the generic
non-inline code anyway, as it eases the task of porting to new archs:
writing inline syscall code is now optional. this approach could also
help support compilers which don't understand inline asm or lack
support for the needed register constraints.
mips could not be unified because it has special fixup code for broken
layout of the kernel's struct stat.
the register constraints in the non-clang case were tested to work on
clang back to 3.2, and earlier versions of clang have known bugs that
preclude building musl.
there may be other reasons to prefer not to use inline syscalls, but
if so the function-call-based implementations should be added back in
a unified way for all archs.
calls to __aeabi_read_tp may be generated by the compiler to access
TLS on pre-v6 targets. previously, this function was hard-coded to
call the kuser helper, which would crash on kernels with kuser helper
to fix the problem most efficiently, the definition of __aeabi_read_tp
is moved so that it's an alias for the new __a_gettp. however, on v7+
targets, code to initialize the runtime choice of thread-pointer
loading code is not even compiled, meaning that defining
__aeabi_read_tp would have caused an immediate crash due to using the
default implementation of __a_gettp with a HCF instruction.
fortunately there is an elegant solution which reduces overall code
size: putting the native thread-pointer loading instruction in the
default code path for __a_gettp, so that separate default/native code
paths are not needed. this function should never be called before
__set_thread_area anyway, and if it is called early on pre-v6
hardware, the old behavior (crashing) is maintained.
ideally __aeabi_read_tp would not be called at all on v7+ targets
anyway -- in fact, prior to the overhaul, the same problem existed,
but it was never caught by users building for v7+ with kuser disabled.
however, it's possible for calls to __aeabi_read_tp to end up in a v7+
binary if some of the object files were built for pre-v7 targets, e.g.
in the case of static libraries that were built separately, so this
case needs to be handled.
previously, builds for pre-armv6 targets hard-coded use of the "kuser
helper" system for atomics and thread-pointer access, resulting in
binaries that fail to run (crash) on systems where this functionality
has been disabled (as a security/hardening measure) in the kernel.
additionally, builds for armv6 hard-coded an outdated/deprecated
memory barrier instruction which may require emulation (extremely
slow) on future models.
this overhaul replaces the behavior for all pre-armv7 builds (both of
the above cases) to perform runtime detection of the appropriate
mechanisms for barrier, atomic compare-and-swap, and thread pointer
access. detection is based on information provided by the kernel in
auxv: presence of the HWCAP_TLS bit for AT_HWCAP and the architecture
version encoded in AT_PLATFORM. direct use of the instructions is
preferred when possible, since probing for the existence of the kuser
helper page would be difficult and would incur runtime cost.
for builds targeting armv7 or later, the runtime detection code is not
compiled at all, and much more efficient versions of the non-cas
atomic operations are provided by using ldrex/strex directly rather
than wrapping cas.
this allows most code to assume it has already been saved, and is a
prerequisite for upcoming changes for arm atomic/tls operations.
Processing an option character with optional argument fails if the
option is last on the command line. This happens because the
if (optind >= argc) check runs first before testing for optional
The C standard is imperative on that:
7.28.1 ... If ps is a null pointer, each function uses its own internal
mbstate_t object instead, which is initialized at program startup to
the initial conversion state;
and these functions are also not supposed to implicitly use the state of
the wchar.h functions:
22.214.171.124 ... The implementation behaves as if no library function calls
these functions with a null pointer for ps.
Previously this resulted in two bugs.
- The functions c16rtomb and mbrtoc16 would crash when called with ps
set to null.
- The function mbrtoc32 used the private state of mbrtowc, which it
is not allowed to do.
in this case there are two conflicting rules in play: that an explicit
precision of zero with the value zero produces no output, and that the
'#' modifier for octal increases the precision sufficiently to yield a
leading zero. ISO C (126.96.36.199 paragraph 6 in C99+TC3) includes a
parenthetical remark to clarify that the precision-increasing behavior
takes precedence, but the corresponding text in POSIX off of which I
based the implementation is missing this remark.
this issue was covered in WG14 DR#151.
fnstsw does not wait for pending unmasked x87 floating-point exceptions
and it is the same as fstsw when all exceptions are masked which is the
only environment libc supports.
Some early x86_64 cpus (released before 2006) did not support sahf/lahf
instructions so they should be avoided (intel manual says they are only
supported if CPUID.80000001H:ECX.LAHF-SAHF[bit 0] = 1).
The workaround simplifies exp2l and expm1l because fucomip can be
used instead of the fucomp;fnstsw;sahf sequence copied from i386.
In fmodl and remainderl sahf is replaced by a simple bit test.
the kernel syscall interface for or1k does not expect 64-bit arguments
to be aligned to "even" register boundaries. this incorrect alignment
broke truncate/ftruncate and as well as a few less-common syscalls.
this was introduced in commit 2da3ab1382ca8e39eb1e4428103764a81fba73d3
as an oversight while making the variadic argument access conditional.
the idiomatic rounding of x is
n = x + toint - toint;
where toint is either 1/EPSILON (x is non-negative) or 1.5/EPSILON
(x may be negative and nearest rounding mode is assumed) and EPSILON is
according to the evaluation precision (the type of toint is not very
important, because single precision float can represent the 1/EPSILON of
in case of FLT_EVAL_METHOD!=0 this avoids a useless store to double or
float precision, and the long double code became cleaner with
1/LDBL_EPSILON instead of ifdefs for toint.
__rem_pio2f and __rem_pio2 functions slightly changed semantics:
on i386 a double-rounding is avoided so close to half-way cases may
get evaluated differently eg. as sin(pi/4-eps) instead of cos(pi/4+eps)
The old code used the rounding idiom incorrectly:
y = (double)(x + 0x1p52) - 0x1p52;
the cast is useless if FLT_EVAL_METHOD==0 and causes a second rounding
if FLT_EVAL_METHOD==2 which can give incorrect result in nearest rounding
mode, so the correct idiom is to add/sub a power-of-2 according to the
characteristics of double_t.
This did not cause actual bug because only i386 is affected where rint
is implemented in asm.
Other rounding functions use a similar idiom, but they give correct
results because they only rely on getting a neighboring integer result
and the rounding direction is fixed up separately independently of the
current rounding mode. However they should be fixed to use the idiom
the mode argument is only required to be present when the O_CREAT or
O_TMPFILE flag is used.
this change is a workaround for the inability of current compilers to
perform "shrink wrapping" optimizations. in casual testing, it roughly
doubled the performance of pthread_once when called on an
already-finished once control object.
based on patch by Sergey Dmitrouk.
these functions need to be fast when the init routine has already run,
since they may be called very often from code which depends on global
initialization having taken place. as such, a fast path bypassing
atomic cas on the once control object was used to avoid heavy memory
contention. however, on archs with weakly ordered memory, the fast
path failed to ensure that the caller actually observes the side
effects of the init routine.
preliminary performance testing showed that simply removing the fast
path was not practical; a performance drop of roughly 85x was observed
with 20 threads hammering the same once control on a 24-core machine.
so the new explicit barrier operation from atomic.h is used to retain
the fast path while ensuring memory visibility.
performance may be reduced on some archs where the barrier actually
makes a difference, but the previous behavior was unsafe and incorrect
on these archs. future improvements to the implementation of a_barrier
should reduce the impact.
previously, the hours were considered as a signed quantity while
minutes and seconds were always treated as positive offsets. however,
semantically the '-' sign should negate the whole hh:mm:ss offset.
this bug only affected timezones east of GMT with non-whole-hours
offsets, such as those used in India and Nepal.
new in linux v3.17 commit 40e041a2c858b3caefc757e26cb85bfceae5062b
sealing allows some operations to be blocked on a file which makes
file access safer when fds are shared between processes (only
supported for shared mem fds currently)
F_SEAL_SEAL prevents further sealing
F_SEAL_SHRINK prevents file from shrinking
F_SEAL_GROW prevents file from growing
F_SEAL_WRITE prevents writes
F_GET_SEALS get the current seal flags
F_ADD_SEALS add new seal flags
added in linux v3.17 commit 753a2ad54ef45e3417a9d49537c2b42b04a2e1be
enables automatic flow label generation on transmit
these syscalls are new in linux v3.17 and present on all supported
archs except sh.
seccomp was added in commit 48dc92b9fc3926844257316e75ba11eb5c742b2c
it has operation, flags and pointer arguments (if flags==0 then it is
the same as prctl(PR_SET_SECCOMP,...)), the uapi header for flag
definitions is linux/seccomp.h
getrandom was added in commit c6e9d6f38894798696f23c8084ca7edbf16ee895
it provides an entropy source when open("/dev/urandom",..) would fail,
the uapi header for flags is linux/random.h
memfd_create was added in commit 9183df25fe7b194563db3fec6dc3202a5855839c
it allows anon mmap to have an fd, that can be shared, sealed and needs no
mount point, the uapi header for flags is linux/memfd.h
previously the external definitions of these functions were omitted on
archs where long double is the same as double, since the code paths in
the math.h macros which would call them are unreachable. however, even
if they are unreachable, the definitions are still mandatory. omitting
them is invalid C, and in the case of a non-optimizing compiler, will
result in a link error.
per the text accepted for inclusion in POSIX, behavior is unspecified
when any of the access mode bits are set. since it's impossible to
consistently report this usage error (O_RDONLY could not be detected
since its value happens to be zero), the most consistent way to handle
them is just to ignore them.
previously, if a caller erroneously passed O_WRONLY, the resulting
access mode would be O_WRONLY|O_RDWR, which has the value 3, and this
resulted in a file descriptor which rejects both read and write
attempts when it is subsequently used.
this function is specified to leave the last byte with "unspecified
disposition" when the length is odd, so for the most part correct
programs should not be calling swab with odd lengths. however, doing
so is permitted, and should not write past the end of the destination